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Simpulum, or Simpuvium, a small vessel or ladle with a long handle, used at sacrifices to make libations, and to taste the wines and other liquors which were poured on the head of the victims. It is the sign of priesthood, and one of the insignia of the college of pontiffs.

It appears on a coin of Patrae struck under Augustus. On some coins of the Roman Republic it is placed before the head of Vesta, as a mark of that goddess, and sometimes in the hand a vestal. A togated and stolated man holds a simpulum in his hand on a coin of Drusus Senior.

This vase is united with the aspergillum, securis, apex, patera, secespita. paefericulum, lituus, that is to say, with one or other of these sacrificial and augural instruments, on coins of Julius Caesar, Mark Antony, Lepidus, Augustus, Caligula, Vespasian, Nerva, Antoninus Pius, Marcus Aurelius, Caracalla, Geta, Philip II., Volusian, Saloninus, Valerianus II, as well as on many provincial coins.

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