Allison Sermarini's Maps of the Ancient World
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Last additions - Medieval and Later
The Sultanate of Rûm and surrounding states, c. 1200.359 viewsThe Sultanate of Rum seceded from the Seljuk Empire in 1077, with capitals first at Iznik and then at Konya. The name Rûm derives from the Arabic name for Romans, ar-Rūm, itself a loan from Greek Pωμαῖοι, referring to the Greek people that had been ruled by the Romans (the Byzantines). They reached the height of power during the late 12th and early 13th century, when it succeeded in taking Byzantine ports on the Mediterranean and Black Sea. Trade from Iran and Central Asia was developed using caravans, and strong trade ties with the Genoese formed during this period. The increased wealth allowed the sultanate to absorb other Turkish states in eastern Anatolia (Danishmends, Mengujekids, Saltukids, Artuqids). They eventually succumbed to the Mongol invasion in 1243 (Battle of Köse Dağ), and became vassals of the Ilkhanate. Their power disintegrated during the second half of the 13th century. The last Seljuq sultans was murdered in 1308. The dissolution of the Seljuq state left behind small states, among them that of the Ottoman dynasty, which eventually conquered and reunited Anatolia to become the Ottoman Empire.Sep 02, 2019
Map - Seljuks of Rum22 viewsMap of the Anatolian Seljuk Sultanate in 1243.

The Seljuks were a Central Asian nomadic group of Sunni Muslims. The last Seljuk sultan died in battle in 1194 when the Great Seljuks were defeated by the Mongols. A breakaway group, the Seljuks of Rum, settled in Anatolia. They too eventually succumbed to the continuing Mongol expansion of the 12th and 13th centuries.
Sep 02, 2019
Map - Italy 1796179 viewsMap of Italy in 1796.Aug 16, 2019
Map - Italy 1494 24 viewsMap of Italy in 1494.Aug 16, 2019
Map 526 AD Europe at the Death of Theoderic the Great78 viewsThird map (of four) from plate 19 of Professor G. Droysen's Allgemeiner Historischer Handatlas, published by R. Andrée. Plate is titled "Europa zur Zeit der Völkerwanderung". This map is titled "Europa beim Tode Theoderichs d. Gr. (526)Apr 13, 2019
Map - Greek and Latin states in southern Greece, c. 1210189 viewsPolitical map of southern Greece in c. 1210, after the establishment of the Crusader states following the Fourth Crusade.

After Constantinople was conquered during the Fourth Crusade in 1204, Greece was divided among the Crusaders. The Latin Empire held Constantinople and Thrace, while Greece itself was divided into the Kingdom of Thessalonica, the Principality of Achaea, and the Duchy of Athens. The Venetians controlled the Duchy of the Archipelago in the Aegean, and the Despotate of Epirus was established as one of the three Byzantine Greek successor states. Michael VIII restored the empire in 1261, having also regained the Kingdom of Thessalonica. By his death in 1282, Michael had taken back the Aegean islands, Thessaly, Epirus, and most of Achaea, including the Crusader fortress of Mystras, which became the seat of a Byzantine despotate. However, Athens and the northern Peloponnese remained in Crusader hands. With the exception of the Ionian Islands and some isolated forts which remained in Venetian hands until the turn of the 19th century, the final end of the Frankokratia in the Greek lands came with the Ottoman conquest, chiefly in the 14th to 16th centuries.
Mar 14, 2019
Map 1214 The Latin Empire56 viewsThe borders of the Latin Empire and Byzantine Empire after the 4th crusade (1204) up to the Treaty of Nymphaeum in 1214. Mar 13, 2019
Map - German States, Brandenburg, 1320 A.D.66 viewsMap - German States, Brandenburg, 1320 A.D.Feb 17, 2019
Map - Kingdom of Northumbria 802 AD77 viewsKingdom of Northumbria 802 AD

The Kingdom of Northumbria was a medieval Anglian kingdom in what is now northern England and south-east Scotland. The name derives from the Old English Norþan-hymbre meaning "the people or province north of the Humber", which reflects the approximate southern limit to the kingdom's territory, the Humber Estuary. Northumbria started to consolidate into one kingdom in the early seventh century. At its height, the kingdom extended from just south of the Humber to the River Mersey and to the Firth of Forth, in Scotland. Northumbria ceased to be an independent kingdom in the mid-tenth century.
Dec 16, 2018
1204 AD The Latin Empire and Partition of the Byzantine Empire after the 4th Crusade, c. 1204.87 viewsThe Latin Empire and the Partition of the Byzantine Empire after the 4th crusade, c. 1204; borders are approximate.Nov 10, 2018
Gepidia at its largest territorial extent131 viewsThe Gepids reached the zenith of their power after 537, settling in the rich area around Singidunum (today's Belgrade). For a short time, the city of Sirmium (present-day Sremska Mitrovica) was the center of the Gepid State and the king Cunimund minted golden coins in it. In 546 the Byzantine Empire allied themselves with the Lombards, and in 552 the Gepids suffered a disastrous defeat from Alboin, king of the Lombards, in the Battle of Asfeld, after which Alboin had a drinking cup made from the skull of Cunimund.

List of Gepid kings
Ardaric, fl. c. 454
Thraustila, fl. 488
Thrasaric, fl. 505
Elemund, ?-548
Thurisind, 548-c. 560
Cunimund, c. 560-567

May 23, 2018
Sassanian Empire 621 A.D.293 viewsThe Sasanian Persian Empire at its greatest extent, 621 A.D.Aug 18, 2017
Map 635 AD Muslim-Byzantine troop movement554 viewsMuslim-Byzantine troop movement from September 635 to just before the event of the Battle of Yarmouk.

In 629, the Islamic prophet Muhammad had recently succeeded in unifying all of the nomadic tribes of the Arabian Peninsula. Those tribes had previously been too divided to pose a serious military threat to the Byzantines or the Persians. Now unified and animated by their new conversion to Islam, they comprised one of the most powerful states in the region. The first conflict between the Byzantines and Muslims was the Battle of Mu'tah in September 629. A small Muslim skirmishing force attacked the province of Arabia but were repulsed. Because the engagement was a Byzantine victory, there was no apparent reason to make changes to the military configuration of the region. Also, once the severity of the Muslim threat was realized, the Byzantines had little preceding battlefield experience with the Arabs, and even less with zealous soldiers united by a prophet. Even the Strategicon, a manual of war praised for the variety of enemies it covers, does not mention warfare against Arabs at any length. The following year the Muslims launched raids into the Arabah south of Lake Tiberias, taking Al Karak. Other raids penetrated into the Negev reaching as far as Gaza. The Battle of Yarmouk in 636 resulted in a crushing defeat for the larger Byzantine army; within three years, the Levant had been lost again. By the time of Heraclius' death in Constantinople, on February 11, 641, most of Egypt had fallen as well.
Jun 18, 2016
Map - 1200 AD Anatolia492 viewsAD 1200 AnatoliaJun 15, 2016
MAP - 555 AD - Byzantine Empire Under Justinian453 viewsThe Eastern Roman Empire (red) and its vassals (pink) in 555 AD during the reign of Justinian I.May 21, 2016
Map - 1400 AD Byzantine Empire581 viewsByzantine Empire 1400Oct 28, 2014
Map - 1300 AD Anatolia605 viewsAD 1300 AnatoliaOct 20, 2014
Map - Seljuks of Rum530 views 05, 2014
Map - 650 AD Byzantine Empire773 viewsThe Byzantine Empire in 650 - by this year it had lost all of its southern provinces except the Exarchate of Africa.Jul 04, 2014
Map - Serbian Despotate in 1455 - 1459343 viewsSerbian Despotate in 1455 - 1459Jul 04, 2014
Map - 533-534 AD The Vandalic War428 viewsEnglish: Map of the operations of the Vandalic War in 533-534, including the rebellions on Tripolitania and Sardinia. Topography taken from from DEMIS Mapserver, which are public domain, other wise self-made. Sources: The History of the Wars by Procopius of Caesarea; J.B. Bury, History of the Later Roman Empire; James Allan Stewart Evans, The Age of Justinian: The Circumstances of Imperial Power, ISBN 9780415022095; Ian Hughes, Belisarius: The Last Roman General, ISBN 9781594160851.Jun 06, 2014
Map - Byzantine-Sassanid Border 384 AD to Reign of Justinian I446 viewsThe frontier between the Roman and Sassanid Persian Empires after the treaty of 384 AD. Despite recurrent warfare, the frontier remained stable throughout the 5th century and until the reign of Justinian I.May 16, 2014
Map - Byzantine-Sassanid Border 565 AD449 viewsThe frontier between the Roman and Sassanid Persian Empires at the death of Emperor Justinian I in 565 AD. It includes the provincial reorganization of 536 and Lazica.May 16, 2014
Map - The frontier between the Roman/Byzantine and Sassanid Persian empires in Late Antiquity (4th-7th centuries)849 viewsThe frontier between the Roman/Byzantine and Sassanid Persian empires in Late Antiquity (4th-7th centuries). Basemap taken from Image:Arshakuni Armenia 150-en.svg. Sources: G. Greatrex & S.N.C. Lieu: The Roman Eastern Frontier and the Persian Wars (Part II, 363–630 AD). Routledge 2002, ISBN 0-415-14687-9, pp. xxix–xxxii; R.W. Thomson, J. Howard-Johnston & T. Greenwood: The Armenian history attributed to Sebeos Liverpool University Press 1999, ISBN 0-85323-564-3, pp. 360–363; Map of the cities listed in Hierocles' Synecdemus after Ernest Honigmann, Le Synecdèmos d'Hiéroclès et l'opuscule géographique de Georges de Chypre, Brussels 1939May 16, 2014
Map - Eastern Hemisphere in 600 AD433 viewsMay 16, 2014
Map - Arab Invasion of Anatolia and Armenia, 637 - 638 AD488 viewsArab Invasion of Anatolia and Armenia, 637 - 638 ADApr 15, 2014
Map - Conquests of Prophet Muhammad and the Rashidun Caliphate, 630-641495 viewsApr 15, 2014
Map - 842 AD Anatolia and the Byzantine-Arab Frontier Region617 viewsByzantine Asia Minor (Anatolia) and the Byzantine-Arab frontier region in 842 AD, with provinces and major settlements. Topography taken from DEMIS Mapserver, which are public domain, other wise self-made. Sources: W. Treadgold, The Byzantine Revival, 780-842 (1988), pp. 316, 336; The Cambridge History of the Byzantine Empire c.500-1492 (2009), p. 371; Droysen - Oströmisches Reich.jpg; A. Kazhdan et al., The Oxford Dictionary of Byzantium (1991), p. 2035Jan 20, 2014
Map - 900 AD The Peoples of Europe434 viewsJan 17, 2014
Map - 1190 AD Europe and the Mediterranean385 viewsJan 17, 2014
Map - 1097 AD Europe and the Mediterranean 329 viewsJan 17, 2014
Map - 814 AD Europe and the Mediterranean454 viewsJan 17, 2014
Map - 1355 AD Byzantine Empire539 viewsJan 17, 2014
Map - 1265 AD Byzantine Empire428 viewsJan 17, 2014
Map - 1700 AD Europe414 viewsJan 17, 2014
Map - 1648 AD Europe and the Mediterranean299 viewsJan 17, 2014
Map - 1550 AD Europe and the Mediterranean398 viewsJan 17, 2014
Map - 1470 AD Europe and the Mediterannean301 viewsJan 17, 2014
Map - 1430 AD Europe and the Mediterannean338 viewsJan 17, 2014
Map - Decline of the March of Brandenburg under the Houses of Wittelsbach and Luxemburg355 viewsJan 17, 2014
Map - 1140 AD Asis Minor and the Crusader States426 viewsJan 17, 2014
Map - 750 AD Islamic Califate331 viewsJan 17, 2014
Map - Spread of Christianity329 viewsJan 17, 2014
Map - 1648 AD Central Europe299 viewsJan 17, 2014
Map - 1547 AD Central Europe369 viewsJan 17, 2014
Map - 1477 AD Central Europe354 viewsJan 17, 2014
Map - 1378 AD Central Europe308 viewsJan 17, 2014
Map - 1560 AD Europe and the Mediterranean379 viewsJan 17, 2014
Map - 1360 AD Europe and the Mediterranean443 viewsJan 17, 2014
Map - 1328 AD Europe and the Mediterranean357 viewsJan 16, 2014
Map - 1190 AD Europe and the Mediterranean374 viewsJan 16, 2014
Map - 1142 AD Europe437 viewsJan 16, 2014
Map - 1135 AD Europe and the Mediterranean404 viewsJan 16, 2014
Map - 1097 AD Europe and the Mediterranean361 viewsJan 16, 2014
Map - 1092 AD Europe288 viewsJan 16, 2014
Map - 1000 AD Europe and the Byzantine Empire473 viewsJan 16, 2014
Map - 843 - 870 AD The Division of the Carolingian Empire: Verdun 843 and Mersen, 870617 viewsJan 16, 2014
Map - 814 AD Europe997 viewsJan 16, 2014
Map - 800 AD Mediterranean373 viewsJan 16, 2014
Map - 650 AD Europe and the Mediterranean386 viewsJan 16, 2014
Map - 600 AD Europe and Eastern Roman Empire 362 viewsJan 16, 2014
Map - 622 750 AD Age of the Caliphs815 viewsJan 06, 2014
Map - 500 AD440 viewsJan 06, 2014
Map - 1300 AD Trebizond Empire378 viewsMap of the Trebizond Empire in Anatolia, AD 1300Jan 06, 2014
Map - 1205 - 1230 AD The Despotate of Epirus413 viewsJan 06, 2014
Map - 476 AD Mediterranean433 viewsJan 06, 2014
Map - 554 AD Byzantine Empire315 viewsJan 06, 2014
Map - 550 AD Byzantine Empire443 viewsJan 06, 2014
Map - 395 AD Byzantine Empire326 viewsJan 06, 2014
Map - 1400 AD Byzantine Empire319 viewsJan 06, 2014
Map - 1081 AD Byzantine Empire393 viewsJan 06, 2014
Map - 1170 AD Byzantium Empire360 viewsJan 06, 2014
Map - 1180 AD Byzantine Empire364 viewsJan 06, 2014
Map - 867 AD Byzantine Empire373 viewsJan 06, 2014
Map - 717 AD Byzantine Empire367 viewsJan 06, 2014
Map - 1025 AD Byzantine Empire371 viewsJan 06, 2014
Map - 1375 Armenian Kingdom of Cilicia582 viewsDec 23, 2013
Map - 1000 AD Italy359 viewsPolitical map of Italy in 1000 AD (CE). Nov 25, 2013
Map - 1494 Italy402 viewsPolitical map of Italy in early 1494, before the invasion of Italy by Charles VIII of France.Nov 25, 2013
Map - 1084 Italy and the Illyrian Coast533 viewsMap of Italy and the Illyrian coast in the year 1084.Nov 25, 2013
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