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These fibulae are also known as Blechfibeln (German for sheet, or sheet--bow, fibulae), Slavic bow fibula (despite the fact that they are not Slavic in origin, though they were used by some early Slavs), and a host of other names.
Dates: 5th c AD
Distribution: Lombard, others
Typology: Stanev 1.1.2 group
Dates: AD 420/430 - 480, some lasted into mid-6th century.
Distribution: Chernyakhov culture / Goths; East Germans, including Gepids.
Image: Reverse of the above fibula. The remains of the four-wind iron spring can be seen on the reverse of the head-plate. The iron pin is complete. A narrow, tall catch is on the reverse of the foot. (SC collection)
Typology: Stanev 1.1.1 group
Dates: AD 430/450 - 460/470
Distribution: Middle and lower Danube.
Distribution: Gepid; Chernyakhov culture / Goths.
Image: Though this fibula, which is broken at the bow, has a semi-circular head-plate with three small knobs, it is closer to the one knob type (Stanev 22.214.171.124) in form. There is zig-zag engraving on the edge of the head-plate. The foot is plain with no foot knob. This example likely dates to AD 450 - 470 and is likely Ostrogothic. (SC collection)
Image: Small blech fibula with three knobs on semi-circular head plate. Very similar to the Krefeld type below but lacks the lateral "caterpillar" and animal head motifs on the foot. (Quadrans collection.)
Dates: AD 470 - 490
Distribution: Middle and lower Danube. Northern Serbia and northern Bulgaria. Ostrogothic, likely Theodoric's tribes.
Typology: Stanev 1.2.1 group.
Dates: c. AD 465/475 - 540/560, flourish 480 - 520, some survived till end of 6th century.
Distribution: Danube; Gepid; Merovingian, early Anglo-Saxon.
Notes: Several variants including Domolshnusta/Bachordas type (Stanev 126.96.36.199) (with five-sided foot with side knobs; AD 465/476 - 490-500); Szekszard-Palank/Sokolnice type (Stanev 188.8.131.52) (with trapezoidal foot with six side knobs; AD 480-510/520); Gepidic type (Stanev 184.108.40.206) (with diamond foot with three knobs; AD 500 - 550); Emlia/Udine type (Stanev 220.127.116.11) (like Gepidic with with animal head foot; AD 500 - 520).
Dates: Some sources date introduction of the the type as early as c. AD 375. However, c. 520 - 560/580 is more likely.
Distribution: Scandinavia, northern/Elbe Germans, some use by Gepids.
Dates: c. AD 450-500. Flourished AD 450 - 475.
Distribution: used by Gepids and East Gothic tribes. Found in Danube region, Hungary, and Slovakia.
Notes: Triangular form head plate, usually with end knob, and diamond form foot plate. Usually has a simple form of kurbschnitt (chip-carved) decoration.
Typology: There are many different types. The type with four bird heads on the waist is Werner I-C
Dates: 6th - 7th c AD, flourished AD 550 - 625.
Distribution: Dnieper to Danube. Associated with Gepids and early Slavs, but likely used by some non-Gepidic east Germanic tribes as well.