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Tutulus (Conical) Fibulae

Plain Tutulus Fibulae

Typology: Genceva 26a

Dates: c. AD 70/80 - 150

Distribution: Origin in east central Gaul. Found in western Empire; NE Gaul, German Limes, and Raetia.

Image: A simple tutulus fibula with six small knobs on the circumference. It is covered with rust from long contact with an unknown iron object.  (SC Collection)

Image: Side view of the above fibula.  (SC Collection)


Plain Tutulus Fibulae with Knob

Typology: BŲhme 41r; Ettlinger 50; Feugere 25; Riha 7.11

Dates: c. AD 70/80 - 225, especially Domitian to Hadrian (c. AD 81 - 138)

Distribution: origin in northern Gaul, Rhine

Image: A simple round fibula with rim and central knob.  (SC Collection)

Image: Side view of the above fibula showing the knob at the top of the cone.  (SC Collection)

Image: Four different views of a Tutulus fibula showing the knob at the top of the cone and the rim and pin. (Quadrans collection).


Enameled Tutulus Fibulae

Typology: Genceva 26b

Dates: c. AD 90 - 200. Flourished AD 100 - 140

Image: This tutulus fibula has a conical form with narrow enamel "slices". One end had a small extension with a dot-in-eye decoration. The other end had a small circular ring. The enamel appears as alternating red and white "slices" today, though it is not entirely certain if that was the original coloring.  (SC Collection)

Image: Side view of the above fibula showing the conical form.  (SC Collection)

Image: An enameled tutulus, or umbonate, form fibula with a different enamel pattern from the one above.  The hole was likely for a chain which might have connected with another fibula making a matched pair.  (Mauseus collection.)



Image: Tutulus fibula, enameled, silvered, conical shape.  Size: 33x38x12.5mm, weight: 21.88g.  Date: likely 2nd.century A.D.  Ref: Hattatt (Oxf. 2012, reprint): Fig.: 209, No 536 var., p-350,


Umbonate Tutulus Fibulae

Dates: 2nd c AD

Image: Top view of an umbonate tutulus fibula showing the outer rim and the multiple rings of the central umbo.  (SC Collection)

Image: Side view of the above umbonate tutulus fibula showing the height, and divisions, of the umbo, or cone. The pin can also be seen.  (SC Collection)

Image: Bottom view of the same fibula showing an indentation. This depression is nowhere near as deep as the height of the umbo.  (SC Collection)

Image: A variation umbonate tutulus fibula. This example has a lower umbo that is connected to the rim by five spokes. This copper-alloy fibula has a layer of what appears to be pure copper plating likely applied via the mercury amalgam process.  (SC Collection)

Image: Side view of the above fibula. The umbo, or cone, and the ridges are clear, as is the catch on the underside.  (SC Collection)