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XXI

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Germanic Tall-Catch Crossbow Fibulae

These small fibulae have a very tall catch plate. They have a loop at their head for the wide bilateral spring to pass through. When the spring is missing, as is usually the case, the do not look like a crossbow form of fibula at all. However, when the spring is present it can be seen that they indeed have a crossbow form.

Small Crossbow Fibulae with High Catch

Typology: fibula, bow fibula, crossbow fibula, Germanic fibula

References: Böhme 37: 37a is round bow and narrow catch; 37b is round or D-bow and wider catch; 37c is flat bow; 37d is high catch and no foot-knob; 37e is C profile bow

Dates: c. AD 175 - 300

Distribution: Elbe German (Wielbark culture) origin; found along northern Roman Limes and in Barbaricum.

Notes: An Early Germanic Crossbow Fibulae. Usually quite small.

Small Crossbow Fibulae with Round Bow


Almgren pl. 9, 193

Typology: fibula, bow fibula, crossbow fibula, Germanic fibula

References: Almgren 193, 196; Böhme 37d

Dates: c. AD 150/160 - 260/270

Distribution: Przeworsk culture. Used by Marcomanni tribe during Marcmannic Wars (c. AD 160-180).

Small Crossbow Fibulae with Round Bow and Foot-Knob

Typology: fibula, bow fibula, crossbow fibula, Germanic fibula

References: Böhme 37a

Dates: c. AD 150 - 200

Distribution: Przeworsk culture, some used by Sarmatians. Found in Bohemia, Moravia, Slovakia and Hungary.

Small Crossbow Fibulae with Flat Bow

Rollenkappenfibel type Flat Bow


Almgren pl. 1, 28 - 29

Typology: fibula, bow fibula, crossbow fibula, Germanic fibula

References: Almgren 28 - 29

Dates: c. AD 50 - 150

p>Distribution: Free Germany, Bohemia

Notes: Named for a cloth cap which they are thought to resemble. They have a wide bow with a flattened semi-circular cross-section and a slight lateral ridge which resembles the peak of a cloth cap.

Kopfkammfibel type Flat Bow

Typology: fibula, bow fibula, crossbow fibula, Germanic fibula

References: Almgren V8 (?)

Dates: c. AD 75/100 - 150, some lasted to AD 225.

Distribution: Przeworsk and Weilbark cultures; Moravia, western Slovakia.

Notes: The German name means "head-crest."

References

Almgren, O. Studien über nordeuropäische Fibelformen. (Liepzig, 1923). PDF
Bohme, A. "Die Fibeln der Kastelle Saalburg und Zugmantel" in Saalburg Jahrbuch, XXIX. (1973).