- The Collaborative Numismatics Project
  Welcome Guest. Please login or register. The column on the left includes the "Best of NumisWiki" menu. If you are new to collecting, start with Ancient Coin Collecting 101. All blue text is linked. Keep clicking to endlessly explore. Welcome Guest. Please login or register. The column on the left includes the "Best of NumisWiki" menu. All blue text is linked. Keep clicking to endlessly explore. If you have written a numismatic article, please add it to NumisWiki.

Resources Home
Home
New Articles
Most Popular
Recent Changes
Current Projects
Admin Discussions
Guidelines
How to

Index Of All Titles


BEST OF

Aes Grave
Aes Rude
The Age of Gallienus
Alexander Tetradrachms
Ancient Coin Collecting 101
Ancient Coin Prices 101
Ancient Coin Dates
Ancient Coin Lesson Plans
Ancient Coins & Modern Fakes
Ancient Counterfeits
Ancient Glass
Ancient Oil Lamps
Ancient Weapons
Ancient Wages and Prices
Ancient Weights and Scales
Anonymous Folles
Anonymous Follis
Anonymous Class A Folles
Antioch Officinae
Aphlaston
Armenian Numismatics Page
Brockage
Byzantine
Byzantine Denominations
A Cabinet of Greek Coins
Caesarean and Actian Eras
Campgates of Constantine
Carausius
A Case of Counterfeits
Byzantine Christian Themes
Clashed Dies
Coins of Pontius Pilate
Conditions of Manufacture
Corinth Coins and Cults
Countermarked in Late Antiquity
Danubian Celts
Damnatio Coinage
Damnatio Memoriae
Denomination
Denarii of Otho
Diameter 101
Die Alignment 101
Dictionary of Roman Coins
Doug Smith's Ancient Coins
Edict on Prices
ERIC
ERIC - Rarity Tables
Etruscan Alphabet
The Evolving Ancient Coin Market
Facing Portrait of Augustus
Fel Temp Reparatio
Fertility Pregnancy and Childbirth
Fibula
Flavian
Fourree
Friend or Foe
The Gallic Empire
Gallienus Zoo
Greek Alphabet
Greek Dates
Greek Coin Denominations
Greek Mythology Link
Greek Numismatic Dictionary
Hellenistic Names & their Meanings
Hasmoneans
Hasmonean Dynasty
Helvetica's ID Help Page
Historia Numorum
Horse Harnesses
Identifying Ancient Metal Arrowheads
Illustrated Ancient Coin Glossary
Islamic Rulers and Dynasties
Koson
Kushan Coins
People in the Bible Who Issued Coins
Imperial Mints of Philip the Arab
Later Roman Coinage
Latin Plurals
Latin Pronunciation
Library of Ancient Coinage
Life in Ancient Rome
List of Kings of Judea
Malloy Weapons
Maps of the Ancient World
Military Belts
Mint Marks
Monogram
Museum Collections Available Online
Nabataean Alphabet
Nabataean Numerals
Not in RIC
Numismatic Bulgarian
Numismatic Excellence Award
Numismatic French
Numismatic German
Numismatic Italian
Numismatic Spanish
Parthian Coins
Patina 101
Paleo-Hebrew Alphabet
Phoenician Alphabet
Pi-Style Athens Tetradrachms
Pricing and Grading Roman Coins
Reading Judean Coins
Representations of Alexander the Great
Roman Coin Attribution 101
Roman Militaria
Roman Mints
Roman Names
romancoin.info
Rome and China
Scarabs
Serdi Celts
Serrated
Siglos
The Sign that Changed the World
Silver Content of Parthian Drachms
Star of Bethlehem Coins
Statuary Coins
Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum
Syracusian Folles
Taras Drachms with Owl Left
The Temple Tax Hoard
Travels of Paul
Tribute Penny
Tribute Penny Debate Continued (2015)
Tribute Penny Debate Revisited (2006)
Tyrian Shekels
Uncleaned Ancient Coins 101
Vabalathus
Venus Cloacina
What I Like About Ancient Coins
Who was Trajan Decius
Widow's Mite

   View Menu
 

Star



Please add updates or make corrections to the NumisWiki text version as appropriate.


    Star.----On many coins the figure of a star has reference to astrology. It was also among the Pagan Romans a symbol allusive to eternity or to consecration (see those words). It was likewise a sign of glory. It frequently is used as a mint-mark. Besides appearing on numerous medals of cities and kings, it is found on several coins of Roman families, such a Aelia, Aquillia, Manlia, Papiria, Portia, Rustia, &c.

    A Star appears before the head of Mars, on a coin of the Rustia family, because the year was believed to begin with the month Martius, which took its name from the God of War.

    Stars are seen on some one coin or other of nearly all the emperors, from Julius Caesar to Justinian, and even still further down the series.

    Long-haired Star (Stella Crinita), or comet, appears on denarii of Augustus, referring to an extraordinary meteor seen immediately after the death of Julius Caesar. This cometary sign is placed on some medals behind the portrait of the murdered dictator, or occupies the reverse side of the medal.

    A Star, under the heads of Mercury and Hercules, on coins of Vespasian (Khell 33-34).        

    ----within a crescent moon, as in Domitian, Trajan, Septimius Severus, and Caracalla.

    ----by the side of an emperor sacrificing, as in Elagabalus.

    Its frequent occurrence on coins of this Emperor was associated with his Syrian birth and office as priest of the sun at Emesa.----See Bimard i. p. 399-426.

    A Star appears opposite the personification of the Sun (SOLI INVICTO), as in Septimius Severus, Elagabalus, Gallienus, Maximinus Daia, Licinius I, and Constantinus M.

    ----between two military figures, with SALVS REIPVB., as in Theodosius M.

    ----by the side of Fortune, as in Constantius I Chlorus.

    ----before the figure of Genius Augusti, as in Licinius I.

    ----above two emperors, standing with joined hands, as in Theodosius jun.

    ----is seen over the spirit (anima) of Constantine the Great, drawn in a quadriga.

    ----in a crown of laurel, on coins of Constantine and Constantius II.

    A Star and Cross appear on coins of Constantinus Magnus; also of Flaccilla, wife of Theodosius, and Aelia Eudoxia. Also on Justinianus II and other medals of the Byzantine series.

    A Star at the back of Venus, as in a coin of Soemias.----See Venus Caelestis.

    ----under Vesta, seated.----(Khell, Sup. 74-75.)

    ----near the figure of Victory, as in Aurelian, Valentinian I, and Gratian.

    Two Stars over the bonneted heads of the Dioscuri, who are distinguished thus as often as they are represented on coins or other ancient monuments.----See Castor and Pollux.

    ----over the head of a bull, as in Julian II the Apostate.----See Securitas Reipub.

    ----under which Cupid sits on a dolphin, as in silver of Augustus, inscribed S.P.Q.R.

    ----above the wolf, with Romulus and Remus and the epigraph

VRBS ROMA, on coins of Constantine the Great.

    Six Stars on a globe, on which Faustina is seated, with epigraph Aeternitas.

    ----surrounding the figure of Jupiter.----See IOVI DEFENSori SALVTIS AVG.

    ----amidst which a naked child sits on a globe, appear on a silver coin of Domitilla, wife of Domitian.

    Seven Stars encompassing Augustus, in a chariot drawn by elephants, as on coins of Caligula and Claudius.

    ----around the figure of Faustina Senior, on a consecration coin of that empress.

    Six Stars, surrounding a crescent moon, appear on coins of several families; and on some of Augustus, Hadrian, Faustina Senior, Faustina Junior, Septimius Severus, and Julia Domna.

    Stars on Roman imperial coins sometimes serve to distinguish figures, as those representing the children of reigning princes; and, in other instances, their deceased offspring received into the ranks of the gods, and placed amongst the stars.

    A Starry sphere, on which stands a phoenix, appears on a coin of Constans.----See FEL TEMP REPARATIO.

    ----on which stands an eagle, on a consecration medal of Lucius Verus.

    ----on which the emperor is seated, forms the type of a bronze medallion of Severus Alexander.----See TEMP FELICITAS


View whole page from the Dictionary Of Roman Coins