- The Collaborative Numismatics Project
  Welcome Guest. Please login or register. The column on the left includes the "Best of NumisWiki" menu. If you are new to collecting, start with Ancient Coin Collecting 101. All blue text is linked. Keep clicking to endlessly explore. Welcome Guest. Please login or register. The column on the left includes the "Best of NumisWiki" menu. All blue text is linked. Keep clicking to endlessly explore. If you have written a numismatic article, please add it to NumisWiki.

Resources Home
Home
New Articles
Most Popular
Recent Changes
Current Projects
Admin Discussions
Guidelines
How to

Index Of All Titles


BEST OF

AEQVITI
Aes Grave
Aes Rude
The Age of Gallienus
Alexander Tetradrachms
Ancient Coin Collecting 101
Ancient Coin Prices 101
Ancient Coin Dates
Ancient Coin Lesson Plans
Ancient Coins & Modern Fakes
Ancient Counterfeits
Ancient Glass
Ancient Oil Lamps
Ancient Weapons
Ancient Wages and Prices
Ancient Weights and Scales
Anonymous Folles
Anonymous Follis
Anonymous Class A Folles
Antioch Officinae
Aphlaston
Armenian Numismatics Page
Brockage
Byzantine
Byzantine Denominations
A Cabinet of Greek Coins
Caesarean and Actian Eras
Campgates of Constantine
Carausius
A Case of Counterfeits
Byzantine Christian Themes
Clashed Dies
Codewords
Coins of Pontius Pilate
Conditions of Manufacture
Corinth Coins and Cults
Countermarked in Late Antiquity
Danubian Celts
Damnatio Coinage
Damnatio Memoriae
Denomination
Denarii of Otho
Diameter 101
Die Alignment 101
Dictionary of Roman Coins
Doug Smith's Ancient Coins
Draco
Edict on Prices
ERIC
ERIC - Rarity Tables
Etruscan Alphabet
The Evolving Ancient Coin Market
EQVITI
Facing Portrait of Augustus
Fel Temp Reparatio
Fertility Pregnancy and Childbirth
Fibula
Flavian
Fourree
Friend or Foe
The Gallic Empire
Gallienus Zoo
Greek Alphabet
Greek Coins
Greek Dates
Greek Coin Denominations
Greek Mythology Link
Greek Numismatic Dictionary
Hellenistic Names & their Meanings
Hasmoneans
Hasmonean Dynasty
Helvetica's ID Help Page
The Hexastyle Temple of Caligula
Historia Numorum
Horse Harnesses
Identifying Ancient Metal Arrowheads
Illustrated Ancient Coin Glossary
Important Collection Auctions
Islamic Rulers and Dynasties
Julian II: The Beard and the Bull
Koson
Kushan Coins
People in the Bible Who Issued Coins
Imperial Mints of Philip the Arab
Later Roman Coinage
Latin Plurals
Latin Pronunciation
Library of Ancient Coinage
Life in Ancient Rome
List of Kings of Judea
Malloy Weapons
Maps of the Ancient World
Military Belts
Mint Marks
Monogram
Museum Collections Available Online
Nabataean Alphabet
Nabataean Numerals
The [Not] Cuirassed Elephant
Not in RIC
Numismatic Bulgarian
Numismatic Excellence Award
Numismatic French
Numismatic German
Numismatic Italian
Numismatic Spanish
Parthian Coins
Patina 101
Paleo-Hebrew Alphabet
Phoenician Alphabet
Pi-Style Athens Tetradrachms
Pricing and Grading Roman Coins
Reading Judean Coins
Representations of Alexander the Great
Roman Coin Attribution 101
Roman Militaria
Roman Mints
Roman Names
romancoin.info
Rome and China
Satyrs and Nymphs
Scarabs
Serdi Celts
Serrated
Siglos
The Sign that Changed the World
Silver Content of Parthian Drachms
Star of Bethlehem Coins
Statuary Coins
Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum
Syracusian Folles
Taras Drachms with Owl Left
The Temple Tax
The Temple Tax Hoard
Test Cut
Travels of Paul
Tribute Penny
Tribute Penny Debate Continued (2015)
Tribute Penny Debate Revisited (2006)
Tyrian Shekels
Uncleaned Ancient Coins 101
Vabalathus
Venus Cloacina
What I Like About Ancient Coins
Who was Trajan Decius
Widow's Mite
XXI

   View Menu
 

PONTIFEX




Please add updates or make corrections to the NumisWiki text version as appropriate.


PONTIFEX.  Pontif or Priest of the gods among the people of heathen Rome. Many were the persons dedicated to the service of those false deities and in their corporate capacity they formed a college.  It is, however, to be observed that the individuals thus employed (and whose principal function was to offer sacrifices, not to any particular divinity but to all the gods of their mythology) did not constitute any seperate order set apart like that of the Christian clergy from civil employments, but were eligible with other citizens to exercise, at the same time, the office of magistrate and also to act in a military capacity.
   The number of Pontifs instituted by Numa was four and they were taken from the body of the Patricians.  In the year 454, under the consulate of Apuleius Pansa and Valerius Corvus, four more were added from the Plebians.  In Sylla's time the number was augmented to fifteen, and from that time commenced the distinction of the greater and the inferior priests. The eight ancient ones were called Pontifices majores and the other Pontifices minores.
   The pontifs were regarded as sacred personages and for distinction's sake took precedence before all the magistrates.  They presided at all such games of the circus, of the amphitheater and of the theater, as were celebrated in honor of any deity.  The insignia of the sacerdotal dignity were a headress formed by plaiting the hair and called a tutulus, the apex (a pointed cap) and the suffibulum (veil). The pontifs also wore the pretexta and had all the equipage of great magistrates as well as the same kind of retinue.
   On coins with the inscription of PIETAS AVGVSTA we see among the symbols of the priesthood the instruments of sacrifice such as the secespita, the lituus, the simpulum, the aspergillum, etc. (See those words).  Morell's work furnishes representations of pontifical insignia without the augural, on coins of Julius Caesar and with the augural signs united to the legend AVGVR PONT MAX.

PONTIFEX.  On a middle brass of Tiberius struck in the year of Rome 763, during the lifetime of Augustus (who had twelve years before granted his adopted son the Tribunitian power), the former prince is called simply Pontiff and the son of the emperor without being honored, himself, with the name of Augustus.  But after his accession to the throne, Tiberius took the DIVI AVG F AVGVST (August son of the divine Augustus), and also that of P M (Pontifex Maximus) as many of his coins testify.


View whole page from the Dictionary Of Roman Coins