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Colonia Patricia, Hispania Baetica (Originally Corduba, now Cordova, Spain)



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Patricia, a city in Hispania Boetica (Andalusia), and the first colony planted by the Romans in Spain; its original name was Corduba-now Cordova.--Pliny speaks of Corduba as taking the name of Colonia Patricia, when it became a Roman colony; and Antonio Augustino decribes it as a colony of veterans and worthy men, to whom honor was due, as to Fathers (Patribus).

Mention is made of Patricia on an inscription in Gruter, where it is called COLONIA PATRICIA CORDVBENSIS.

The autonomous coins of this city bear the name of CORDVBA.

The colonial imperial are, according to Vaillant, confined to the reign of Augustus, and the same writer gives five specimens of their types, all of which bear on their obverse the head of Augustus without laurel, with the legend PERM. CAES. AVG.  Permissu Caesaris Augusti; and on their reverses the inscription COLONIA PATRICIA, whilst the types vary--some representing sacerdotal insignia, others sacrificial instruments, or legionary eagles between other military standards.

  Types of the Spanish Colony of Patricia, from Vaillant, vol. i. pp. 40, 41, 42.

   COLONIA PATRICIA, within an oaken crown.  The obverse of this coin in second brass bears the bare head of Augustus, and has for inscription PERM. CAES. AVG.  Permissa Caesaris Augusti.

     [The colonists placed an oaken crown on this coin of Augustus, on account of citizens, preserved by him in the war, which he brought to a termination favorable to Roman interests in Spain.]--See a fac simile of this in Akerman's Coins of Hispania, pl. iii. No. 11, p. 30.

     The same legend.--Apex and Simpulum.--
See those words.

     [On the death of Lepidus, Augustus having been created Pontifex Maximus, the people of Corduba (or Patricia), in congratulating him, placed the appropriate type of sacerdotal or pontificial instruments on this small and also on larger brass coins.]


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