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Maria


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   MARIA, a plebeian family.  Its surnames, on coins, are Capito and  Trogus.-The varieties are forty-six-most of them rare.  Connected with its surname of Marcus, is a denarius, on the obverse of which we read C. MARI. C. F. (Caius Marius, Caii Filius) CAPIT. XXVIII., with heads of Ceres.-Rev.: A man driving two oxen.

    Trogus.- C. Marius Trogus was one of the moneyers of Augustus, as is shewn by his denarii, which are all honoured with the portrait of that prince.  It is probable that they were struck about the year V.C. 741.  As these denarii, with the exception of the name, offer nothing that relates to Trogus, but refer in all their types to Augustus and his family, and they are also of doubtful explanation, it will suffice to notice a few, and those briefly:-

   Epigraph.--C. MARIVS. TRO. IIIVIR., or C. MARIVS. C. F. TRO.

   Types.--On the obverse, as has been stated, the head of Augustus.--On the reverse, the head of Julia, daughter of Augustus, between the heads of Caius and Lucius, her sons by Agrippa.-This coin was struck under Augustus, about the year 737.--See AVGVSTVS DIVI. F., in which the type is explained.

    Two men, clothed in the toga, standing, one of whom has his head laureated, the other wears a turreted crown; they both hold a roll in their left hands, and at the feed of each is something that resembles an altar, or pedestal; or, as Havercamp thinks, the scrinium (or casket), such as it was customary to place at the feet of senatorial statues.  The same writer recognises in these two figures, Augustus and Agrippa, and the latter especially from his turreted crown.

   A priest veiled stands, holding in his right hand the simpulum (or small chalice used in sacrifice).  This is perhaps intended for Augustus, promoted to be pontifex maximus, in the year of Rome 741.

   Some pieces in gold and silver of this family are by the moneyers of Augustus; and there are denarii restored by Trajan.


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