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ARA PACIS

Latin: Altar of Peace.

The Ara Pacis Augustae (Latin, "Altar of Augustan Peace"; commonly shortened to Ara Pacis) is an altar in Rome dedicated to Pax, the Roman goddess of Peace. The monument was commissioned by the Roman Senate on July 4, 13 B.C. to honor the return of Augustus to Rome after three years in Hispania and Gaul, and consecrated on January 30, 9 B.C. Originally located on the northern outskirts of Rome, a Roman mile from the boundary of the pomerium on the west side of the Via Flaminia, it stood in the northeastern corner of the Campus Martius, the former flood plain of the Tiber River and gradually became buried under 4 metres (13 ft) of silt deposits. It was reassembled in its current location, now the Museum of the Ara Pacis, in 1938.




DICTIONARY OF ROMAN COINS





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ARA PACIS. (or ARA PAC.) S. C. -- On the reverse of middle brass of Nero, is this inscription with the type of a lit alter, dedicated to peace which Nero affected to cherish. Similar altars had been erected by a decree of the senate, in the reign of Augustus.

"It is (says Eckhel) , a fact incontrovertible that Nero preferred peace to the tumultuous scenes of war; from no love, on his part, however, of the blessing which peace bestows, but because it enable him, with greater security to pass his leisure in the amusements of the circus, and to have money in his treasury where-with to join sea to sea, excavate mountains and lay down monstrous foundations beneath the waters. We have accurate testimony, that when pressed by the revolt of Vindex in Gaul, and at a time of the greatest necessity for levying troops, to be sent against the rebels, certain senators after a hasty consultation, on the business for which he had summoned them, passed the rest of the day, in discussing the merits of some hydraulic engines of a novel construction, [the for of one of these is considered to be shown on a contorniate medal of Nero, having for legend of the reverse LAVRENTI NIKA.] And Nero declared his intention to introduce these novelties at the theater, if Vindex would let him, (si per Vindicem liceret). The calendars of Amiternum and Praeneste, as well as the poet Ovid, respectively allude to the ARA PACIS as first raised by senatorial authority, under Augustus, and dedicate four years afterwards."
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