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Volusianus




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Volusianus [Volusian] (Caius Vibius), son of Trebonias Gallus, who on his accession in AD 251, made his son Ceasar and Princeps Juventutis, and Augustus in the following year. He followed the fortunes of his father, and with him was killed at Interrmna (Terni) Umbria in AD 254.



The obverse legends of his coins are:

- C VIBIO VOLVSIANO CAES
- IMP C C VIB VOLVSIANVS AVG
- IMP CAE C VIB VOLVSIANO AVG
- IM C V AF GAL VEND VOLVSIANO AVG

The principal reverse legends are:


Silver Medallions:

- FELICITAS PVBLICA, (?) double antoninianus
- MONETA AVGG

Gold Coins:

- AEQVITAS AVGG
- AETERNITAS AVGG
- APOLL SALVTARI
- CONCORDIA AVGG
- FELICITAS PVBLICA
- IVNONI MARTIALI
- LIBERTAS AVGG
- PIETAS AVGG
- P M TR P IIII COS II
- PRINCIPI IVVENTVTIS
- SALVS AVGG
- VICTORIA AVGG
- VIRTVS AVGG

Silver Coins:

- ADVENTVS AVGG
- AEQVITAS AVGG
- ANNONA AVGG
- APOLL SALVTARI
- CONCORDIA AVGG
- FELICITAS PVBL
- IVNO MARTIALIS
- IVNONI MARTIALI
- LIBERALITAS AVGG
- LIBERTAS PVBLICA
- MARTEM PROOVGNATOREM
- MARTI PACIFERO
- PAX AETERNA
- PAX AVG, PAX AVGG, PAX AVGVS
- PIETAS AVGG
- P M TR P IIII COS II
- PRINCIPI IVVENTVTIS
- PROVID AVGG, PROVIDENTIA AVGG
- PVDICITIA AVGG
- ROMAE AETERNAE
- SAECVLVM NOVVM
- SALVS AVGG
- SECVRITAS AVG
- VBERITAS AVG
- VICTORIA AVG
- VIRTVS AVGG

Bronze Medallions:

- ADVENTVS AVGG
- FORTVNAE REDVCI
- MONETA AVGG
- VIRTVS AVGVSTORVM

Bronze Coins:

- AEQVITAS AVGG S C, AE1
- APOLLO SALVTARI S C, AE1 & AE2
- ARNAZI, AE1 & AE2
- CONCORDIA AVGG S C, AE1 & AE2
- FELICITAS PVBLICA S C, AE1 & AE2
- IVNONI MARTIALI S C, AE1 & AE2
- LIBERALITAS AVGG S C, AE1 & AE2
- LIBERTAS AVG SC, AE1
- PAX AVGG S C, AE1 & AE2
- PIETAS AVGG, AE1 & AE2
- P M TR P IIII COS II P P S C, AE1
- PRINCIPI IVVENTVTIS S C
- SALVS AVGG S C, AE1 & AE2
- SECVRITAS AVGG SC, AE1
- VICTORIA AVGG S C, AE1
- VIRTVS AVGG S C, AE1 & AE2
- VOTIS DECENNALIBVS S C, AE1 & AE2

There are also medallions of Trebonianus Gallus and Volusian; silver, bronze medallion, AE2.

Coins of Volusian were struck in the following colonies: Alexandria Troas, Antiochia Pisidia, Apameia Bithynia, Caesarea Samaria, Coela, Dacia, Damascus, Tyre, and Viminacium.

The curious coins of Trebonianus Gallus (AE Medallions) with legend ARNASI and ARNAZI, with type of Apollo on a mountain, holding a laurel branch and bow, have caused much discussion.  Pellerin (Rec. des Med., vol. iii., p. lii.) considers that the legend signifies two towns of Umbria - Arna and Asisium, at which a statue of Apollo was erected, and this interpretation was approved by Eckhel (vol vii., p358), and accepted by Cohen (Med. Imp. 2nd ed., vol. v., p. 239, note) with reserve.  The interpretation of Pellerin as to two towns seems dubious, but the legend may apply to one - Arna - for it is known that the Emperor Vibius Trebonianus Gallus was born at Perusia (St. Marin, Iscriz. Perugina, p. 15-20;



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