- The Collaborative Numismatics Project
  Explore Our Website And Find Joy In The History, Numismatics, Art, Mythology, And Geography Of Coins!!! NumisWiki Is An Enormous Unique Resource Including Hundreds Of Books And Thousands Of Articles Online!!! The Column On The Left Includes Our "Best of NumisWiki" Menu If You Are New To Collecting - Start With Ancient Coin Collecting 101 NumisWiki Includes The Encyclopedia of Roman Coins and Historia Nummorum If You Have Written A Numismatic Article - Please Add It To NumisWiki All Blue Text On The Website Is Linked - Keep Clicking To ENDLESSLY EXPLORE!!! Please Visit Our Shop And Find A Coin You Love Today!!!

× Resources Home
New Articles
Most Popular
Recent Changes
Current Projects
Admin Discussions
How to
Index Of All Titles


Aes Grave
Aes Rude
The Age of Gallienus
Alexander Tetradrachms
Ancient Coin Collecting 101
Ancient Coin Prices 101
Ancient Coin Dates
Ancient Coin Lesson Plans
Ancient Coins & Modern Fakes
Ancient Counterfeits
Ancient Glass
Ancient Oil Lamps
Ancient Weapons
Ancient Wages and Prices
Ancient Weights and Scales
Anonymous Folles
Anonymous Follis
Anonymous Class A Folles
Antioch Officinae
Armenian Numismatics Page
Byzantine Denominations
A Cabinet of Greek Coins
Caesarean and Actian Eras
Campgates of Constantine
A Case of Counterfeits
Byzantine Christian Themes
Clashed Dies
Coins of Pontius Pilate
Conditions of Manufacture
Corinth Coins and Cults
Countermarked in Late Antiquity
Danubian Celts
Damnatio Coinage
Damnatio Memoriae
Denarii of Otho
Diameter 101
Die Alignment 101
Dictionary of Roman Coins
Doug Smith's Ancient Coins
Edict on Prices
ERIC - Rarity Tables
Etruscan Alphabet
The Evolving Ancient Coin Market
Facing Portrait of Augustus
Fel Temp Reparatio
Fertility Pregnancy and Childbirth
Friend or Foe
The Gallic Empire
Gallienus Zoo
Greek Alphabet
Greek Coins
Greek Dates
Greek Coin Denominations
Greek Mythology Link
Greek Numismatic Dictionary
Hellenistic Names & their Meanings
Hasmonean Dynasty
Helvetica's ID Help Page
The Hexastyle Temple of Caligula
Historia Numorum
Horse Harnesses
Identifying Ancient Metal Arrowheads
Illustrated Ancient Coin Glossary
Important Collection Auctions
Islamic Rulers and Dynasties
Julian II: The Beard and the Bull
Julius Caesar - The Funeral Speech
Kushan Coins
People in the Bible Who Issued Coins
Imperial Mints of Philip the Arab
Later Roman Coinage
Latin Plurals
Latin Pronunciation
Library of Ancient Coinage
Life in Ancient Rome
List of Kings of Judea
Malloy Weapons
Maps of the Ancient World
Military Belts
Mint Marks
Museum Collections Available Online
Nabataean Alphabet
Nabataean Numerals
The [Not] Cuirassed Elephant
Not in RIC
Numismatic Bulgarian
Numismatic Excellence Award
Numismatic French
Numismatic German
Numismatic Italian
Numismatic Spanish
Parthian Coins
Patina 101
Paleo-Hebrew Alphabet
Phoenician Alphabet
Pi-Style Athens Tetradrachms
Pricing and Grading Roman Coins
Reading Judean Coins
Representations of Alexander the Great
Roman Coin Attribution 101
Roman Militaria
Roman Mints
Roman Names
Rome and China
Satyrs and Nymphs
Serdi Celts
The Sign that Changed the World
Silver Content of Parthian Drachms
Star of Bethlehem Coins
Statuary Coins
Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum
Syracusian Folles
Taras Drachms with Owl Left
The Temple Tax
The Temple Tax Hoard
Test Cut
Travels of Paul
Tribute Penny
Tribute Penny Debate Continued (2015)
Tribute Penny Debate Revisited (2006)
Tyrian Shekels
Uncleaned Ancient Coins 101
Venus Cloacina
What I Like About Ancient Coins
Who was Trajan Decius
Widow's Mite

   View Menu


Please add updates or make corrections to the NumisWiki text version as appropriate.
Silenus, the Phrygian, to whom fable has assigned the distinction of being the foster-father, tutor, and companion of Bacchus, as one of the first that held the son of Jupiter and Semele in his arms, and who followed him in his travels and excited him in virtue and glory. -- Indeed some ancient traditions have exalted the character of Silenus into that of a great captain, a great physician, and a sage counseller. But (as Spanheim in Julianus Caesar sarcastically remarks) "he was evidently better versed in the knowledge of nature than in that of reasoning." In other words, he would seem to have been more the friend of wine and raillery than that of science and research -- a sort of philosophic voluptuary. And as to the representations of this personage on antique monuments, the ridiculous considerably predominates over the dignified. He is ordinarily figured as an old man with a bald head and a thick beard, a snub turned-up nose, in a state of more than half nudity and of entire drunkenness, holding a staff, or the cantharus into which he was wont to press out the juice of the grape; sometimes standing, but seldom without support, sometimes lying along carelessly on the back of an ass. -- The images of Silenus are found on medals of Macedonia, and of Ancyra in Galatia. It is a type seen on some family coins, and is of sufficiently frequent occurrence on Roman colonial medals. On a denarius of Marcius L. Censorinus, Silenus stands with one hand raised, and the wine skin at his back; behind a small pillar, on which stands an image. -- Eckhel, in his commentary on the coins of the Marcia family, acknowledges himself ignorant of the reason why the figure of Silenus appears on the medals of Censorinus. -- Among the colonial are those of Troas, in Phrygia, struck under Marcus Aurelius and Commodus, in which he is accurately recognised by Vaillant as an elderly male figure, naked, holding up his right hand towards the stars, and bearing his goat skin bottle on his left shoulder. The people of Troas, his reputed birth place, honoured his memory as the author and master of the best of studies, and worshipped him as a god. -- A coin of Bostra, under Alexander Severus, exhibits Silenus in the same posture, and with the same attribute of the wine skin, but as a younger man. -- The colonies of Coillu, in Numidia, under Caracalla, Elagabalus, and Gordianus Pius; of Damascus, under Philip senior; of Deultum, in Thrace, under Macrinus; and others, likewise bear the effigy of Silenus; on some of these his extended hand is pointing to a cypress tree.

View whole page from the Dictionary Of Roman Coins
All coins are guaranteed for eternity