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Sella Junonis


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    Sella Junonis, or Matronalis.----This was a seat on which matrons at Rome performed sacred rites to the goddess Juno. Hence on Roman coins (as in Faustina senior), a curule chair, traversed by a hasta, or a scepter, is used as a symbol of Juno, to designate the consecration of Augustae.
    Semis, or Semissis, or Semi as, the half as, indicating half a pound, weighed at first six ounces. But when the Roman commonwealth found itself unequal to meet the expenses incurred from the Punic wars, it began to diminish the weight of this early piece of brass money. Besides the face of Jupiter, there were struck on the semisses the heads of Apollo, Hercules, Mars, Pallas, Rome, etc. But the ship of Saturn (represented by the prow of a galley) was impressed on the reverse side of most of them. And for the most part, on each field of the coin, is the mark S (or the same reversed S, or S lying sideways,) or six globules. ●●●●●●
    Many of these coins bear the names of Roman families.----See As Romanus, and its parts illustrated.

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