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Roman Egypt Reverse Inscriptions

Most of the "legends" on Roman provincial coins minted in Alexandria are actually dates. See the NumisWiki Greek Dates page for more information on those inscriptions. Some reverse inscriptions name the emperor or empress. Alexandria also minted coins for the Egyptian nomes (provinces) and those coin name the nome. Seen the NumisWiki nomes page.

Most of the other legends are names of gods, goddesses or personifications. Some examples of Greek words, names, and abbreviations found in coin reverse legends from Roman Egypt follow:

AKTIOΣ AΠOΛΛΩN - Apollo Aktios (Octavian defeated Mark Antony at the naval Battle of Actium, and built a temple to Apollo on the shore near the site)

AΛEΞAN∆PEA - Alexandria

AΘHNA - Athena

AYTOKPA - Autokrator (Imperator - supreme commander, dictator, emperor, literal translation: self-ruler)

CEBATH - Augusta (empress)

CWTHP - soter (savior)

∆HM EΞOYC - (Tribunicia Potestate - holder of tribunician power)

∆HMHTEP - Demeter

∆IOΣ OΛYMΠIOY - Dios Olympios (Olympian Zeus)

EIPHNH - Eirene (peace)

EΛEYΘEPIA - Eleutheria (liberty)

EΛPIC - Elpis (hope)

EYΘHNIA - Euthenia (abundance)

HPA APΓEIA - Hera Argeia (named for her cult sanctuary between the former Mycenaean city-states of Argos and Mycenae)

HWC - Eros

ICIC - Isis

Iς - 16 (the ideal height of the annual Nile flood, sixteen cubits)

KAIΣAR - Caesar (prince)

KPATHΣIΣ - Kratesis (goddess of Roman authority)

MONHTA - Moneta

NEIΛOΣ - Nilus

NIKH - Nike (victory)

NIΛOΣ - Nilus

NOMΩ - Nomos (province)

OMONOIA - Homonoia (harmony, concord)

ΠOΣEIDN - Poseidon

PΩMH - Rome

ΣEBAΣTOV - Sebastos (Augustus - emperor)

ΣEBAΣTOΦOPO>Σ - Best wishes (lit. - hope) [for the safe travel] of the Emperor

ΣEPAΠIΣ - Serapis

ΘEOΣ - Theos (god, divine)

ΘEOΣ ΣEBAΣTOΣ - Theos Sebastos (Divo Augustus - the deified Augustus)

YΠAT - Ypatos - (consul, often followed by a Greek numeral (letter) indicating the number of times appointed)

ZEYΣ - Zeus