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Reading Judean Coins

To Identify and Understand Them

Contributions by Joseph Sermarini, Salem Alshdaifat, and Aaron Kogan (Aarmale).

Dedicated to our mentors Ya'akov Meshorer and David Hendin.

New collectors often attempt to identify Judean Kingdom coins by simply matching appearance. The types, epigraphy, and general style may be used to identify some types, but does not work well for most types with an inscription on the obverse and a double cornucopia on the reverse. To correctly identify those types, it is usually necessary to also read and match the name and titles in the inscription. This page is intended to help collectors, even those unfamiliar with modern Hebrew, read the Paleo-Hebrew inscriptions on ancient Judaean coins and identify the types.

Hebrew (including Paleo-Hebrew) is read from right to left. Vowels are omitted, though some letters called matres lectionis (אהו"י) are sometimes used to indicate vowels.

The coins below are only examples of the types. There are many variations of each type. Words are often and variously abbreviated. Errors are common. Letter forms vary. Letters and whole words may be missing. Words may be misspelled. Letters are sometimes blundered. Line breaks and even the number of lines vary and do not identify the type. The multiple examples of some of the types below give some indication of the possible inscription variations.

Missing letters or words that are normally present on the type may be indicated below with brackets [ ]. Line breaks on the described examples may be indicated below with /. Het is transcribed below into Latin letters as (HH).

The letters in ancient Judaean coin inscriptions are often unclear and would be impossible to distinguish in isolation but more often may be identified by their context within an inscription. For example, the letter res Judean_rosh_3 should have a rounded shape, while dalet Judean_daleth should be made from strictly straight lines. Often, however, they look identical on the coins and can only be distinguished by their use within a word.

This page was created from numerous posts on the classical numismatic discussion board, which explains the inconsistencies in the photograph and description formats.



References

Fontanille, J. Menorah Coin Project, website: http://menorahcoinproject.org/
Gitler, H. & O. Tal. The Coinage of Philistia of the Fifth and Fourth Centuries BC: A Study of the Earliest Coins of Palestine. (Milan & New York, 2006). Gitler and Tal
Hendin, D. Guide to Biblical Coins, 5th Edition. (Amphora, 2010).
Hill, G. Catalogue of Greek Coins in the British Museum: Palestine. (London, 1914). BMC Palestine
Hoover, O. Handbook of Coins of the Southern Levant: Phoenicia, Southern Koile Syria (Including Judaea), and Arabia, Fifth to First Centuries BC. (Lancaster, PA, 2010) HGC 10
Kaufman, J. Unrecorded Hasmonean Coins from the J. Ch Kaufman Collection. (Jerusalem, 1995).
Meshorer, Y. Ancient Jewish Coinage. (New York, 1982). Meshorer AJC
Meshorer, Y. A Treasury of Jewish Coins from the Persian Period to Bar Kokhba. (Jerusalem, 2001). Meshorer TJC
Meshorer, Y. & S. Qedar. Samarian Coinage. (Jerusalem, 1999). Meshorer-Qedar
Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum, Denmark, The Royal Collection of Coins and Medals, Danish National Museum, Vol. 7: Cyprus to India. (West Milford, NJ, 1982). SNG Cop
Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum, USA, The Collection of the American Numismatic Society, Part 6: Palestine - South Arabia. (New York, 1981). SNG ANS


Alphabets - Aramaic/Paleo-Hebrew - Modern Hebrew

Alef

'

Aramaic_alef

Judean_alef_1Judean_alef_2Judean_alef_3Judean_alef_4Judean_alef_5Judean_alef_6

א

Beyt

B

Aramaic_beyt

Judean_beyt_1Judean_beyt_2Judean_beyt_3

ב

Gimel

G

Aramaic_gimel

Judean_gimel_1Judean_gimel_2Judean_gimel_3

ג‎

Dalet

D

Aramaic_dalet

Judean_dalethJudean_daleth_2Judean_daleth_1

ד

He

H

Aramaic_he

Judean_heyJudean_hey_3Judean_hey_1Judean_hey_2Judean_hey_4

ה

Waw

W

Aramaic_waw

Judean_vau_1Judean_vau_2Judean_waw_3Judean_waw_3aJudean_waw_4Judean_waw_5Judean_waw_6Judean_waw_1Judean_waw_2Judean_waw_7

ו‎

Zayin

Z

Aramaic_zayin

Judean_zayin_1Judean_zayin_2

ז

Het

(HH)

Aramaic_het

Judean_het_1Judean_het_2

ח‎

Tet

T

Aramaic_tet

Aramaic_tetjudean_tet_2

ט

Yod

Y

Aramaic_yod

Judean_yad_4Judean_yad_1Judean_yad_2Judean_yad_3Judean_yad_5

י‎

Kaf

K

aramaic_kaf

judean_kafJudean_kaf_1Judean_kaf_2Judean_kaf_3

כ ך

Lamed

L

Aramaic_lamed

Judean_lam_1Judean_lam_2judean_lamed_3

ל‎

Mem

M

Aramaic_mem

Judean_mah_2Judean_mah_3

ם‎‎ מ

Nun

N

Aramaic_nun

Judean_nunJudean_nun_1Judean_nun_2Judean_nun_3Judean_nun_4Judean_nun_5Judean_nun_6Judean_nun_7

נ ן‎

Samek

S

Aramaic_samek

Judean_zan_1Judean_zan_2

ס‎

'Ayin

'

Aramaic_ayin

Judean_ayin

ע‎

Pe

P

Aramaic_pe

Aramaic_pe

‎ף‎ פ‎

Sade

S with dot below

Aramaic_sade

Judean_tsad_1Judean_tsad_2Judean_tsad_3Judean_tsad_4

ץ‎ צ

Qop

Q

Aramaic_qop

Judean_quph_1Judean_quph_2

ק

Res

R

Aramaic_res

Judean_rosh_2Judean_rosh_3Judean_rosh_1

ר‎

in/Sin

/S

Aramaic_sin

Judean_shin_1Judean_shin_2Judean_shin_3

שׁ שׂ‬

Taw

T

Aramaic_taw

Judean_taw_1Judean_taw_2

ת


In some forms of Classical Hebrew, the letters בגדכפ"ת could have a plosive or spirantized pronunciation. Therefore, it is not uncommon to see these letters transliterated slightly differently in certain contexts.

Matres Lectionis - Vowels Indicated

Alef

'

Aramaic_alef

Judean_alef_1Judean_alef_2Judean_alef_3Judean_alef_4Judean_alef_5Judean_alef_6

א

 a, e, or o, mostly ā

He

H

Aramaic_he

Judean_heyJudean_hey_3Judean_hey_1Judean_hey_2Judean_hey_4

ה

 a, e, or o, mostly ā or e

Waw

W

Aramaic_waw

Judean_vau_1Judean_vau_2Judean_waw_3Judean_waw_3aJudean_waw_4Judean_waw_5Judean_waw_6Judean_waw_1Judean_waw_2Judean_waw_7

ו‎

 ō or ū

Yod

Y

Aramaic_yod

Judean_yad_4Judean_yad_1Judean_yad_2Judean_yad_3Judean_yad_5

י‎

 ī or ē


AlefJudean_alef_5(') is occasionally used to indicate an a, e or o vowel. For example, see Ro in the next section below.
HeJudean_hey(H) is used to indicate an a (often at the end of a word), e or o vowel. For example, see Yehuda below.
WawJudean_waw_1(W) may indicate o or u. For example, see Zion, Jerusalem, and Yehuda below.
Yod Aramaic_yod(Y) indicates i or e. For example, see Zion and Nasi below.

Also see: Paleo-Hebrew Alphabet


Paleo-Hebrew Names, Titles, Words, and Abbreviations on Ancient Judean Coins

Judean_dalethJudean_hey_2Judean_yad_1 - DHY - YHD - Yehud - Yehud (the Judean province)

Judean_lam_2Judean_alef_3Judean_rosh_2Judean_shin_1Judean_yad_3 - L'RSY - YSR'L - Yisra'el - Israel

Judean_nun_2Judean_waw_2Aramaic_yodJudean_tsad_3 - NWYṢ - ṢYWN - Ṣion - Zion

Judean_mah_3 Judean_lam_2Judean_shin_1Judean_waw_1Judean_rosh_2Aramaic_yod - MLSWRY - YRWSLM - Yerushalayim - Jerusalem

Judean_nun_3Judean_nun_3Judean_het_1Judean_waw_7Judean_hey_3Judean_yad_1 - NN(HH)WHY - YHW(HH)NN - Yehohanan (John Hyrcanus I, 134 - 104 BCE)

Judean_heyJudean_dalethJudean_vau_1Judean_heyJudean_yad_2 - HDWHY - YHWDH - Yehudah (Judah Aristobulus I, 104 - 103 BCE)

Judean_nun_3Judean_taw_1Judean_nun_3Judean_waw_7Judean_heyJudean_yad_2 - NTNWHY - YHWNTN - Yehonatan (Alexander Jannaeus, 103 - 76 BCE)

Judean_hey_1Judean_nun_3Judean_taw_1Judean_nun_3Judean_yad_4 - HNTNY - YNTNH - Yonatan (John Hyrcanus II, King 67 BCE, Ethnarch 63 - 40 BCE)

Judean_hey_1Aramaic_yodJudean_taw_2Judean_taw_2Judean_mah_3 - HYTTM - MTTYH - Mattatayah (Mattathias Antigonus, 40 - 37 BCE)

Judean_nun_5Judean_waw_3Judean_ghan_1Judean_mah_3Judean_shin_2 - NW'M - M'WN - ime'on - Simon (Bar Kokhba, Prince of Israel, 132/133 CE)

Judean_rosh_2Judean_zayin_1Judean_ayinJudean_lam_1Judean_alef_5 - RZ'L' - 'L'ZR - El'azar - Eleazar (the Priest, Bar Kokhba Revolt coins)

Judean_kaf_1Judean_lam_1Judean_mah_2 - KLM - MLK - melek - king (only used on some Alexander Jannaeus coins)

Judean_alef_5Aramaic_yodJudean_shin_1Judean_nun_2 - 'YSN - - NSY' - Nasi - prince (Simon Bar Kokhba only)

Judean_nun_3Judean_hey_3Judean_kaf_1 - NHK - KHN - kohen - priest

Judean_lam_1Judean_dalethAramaic_gimel - LDG - GDL - gadol - high (Priest)

Judean_shin_1Judean_alef_5Judean_rosh_3 - 'R - R' - ro - head (of the council of the Jews, Hendin 1137 and 1138 only)

Judean_rosh_3Judean_beyt_2 Judean_het_1 -  RB(HH) - (HH)BR - hever - council (of the Jews)

Judean_mah_2Judean_yad_1Judean_dalethJudean_waw_1Judean_heyJudean_yad_1 - MYDWHY - YHWDYM - Yehudim - Jews

Judean_hey_1Judean_shin_1Judean_waw_1Judean_daleth_2Judean_quph_2 - HWDQ - QDWH - kedusha - holy

Judean_taw_2Judean_waw_2Judean_rosh_2 Judean_het_1 - TWR(HH) - (HH)RWT - harot - freedom

Judean_taw_2Judean_lam_2Judean_alef_2Judean_gimel_2 Judean_lam_2 - TL'GL - LG'LT - legeulat - redemption

Judean_lam_2Judean_quph_2 Judean_shin_1 - LQ - QL - sheqel - shekel

Judean_yad_3Judean_tsad_1Judean_het_1 - YṢ(HH) - (HH)ṢY - chetsi - half (1/2)

Judean_ayinJudean_beyt_3Judean_rosh_2 - 'BR - RB' - reva' - quarter (1/4)

 Judean_taw_2Judean_nun_3Judean_shin_2 - TN - NT - sh'nat - year

 Judean_taw_2Judean_het_1Judean_alef_3 - TH' - 'HT - echad - one

Judean_mah_2Judean_yad_3Judean_taw_2Judean_shin_1 - MYT - TYM - shtayim - two

Judean_shin_1Judean_waw_2Judean_lam_1Judean_shin_1 - SWL - LWS - shalosh - three

Judean_ayinJudean_beyt_3Judean_rosh_2Judean_alef_6 - 'BR'- 'RB' - arba' - four

Judean_dalethJudean_shin_1 - D - D - shnat arba' - year 4

Judean_hey_1Judean_shin_1 - H - H - shnat chamesh - year 5

Judean_hey_3 - H - H - heh - the

Judean_vau_2 - W - W - we - and

Judean_lam_1 - L - L - le - of/to/for


John Hyrcanus I (Yehohanan), 134 - 104 B.C.

Judean_nun_3Judean_nun_3 Judean_het_1 Judean_vau_2Judean_hey_3Judean_yad_1 - NN(HH)WHY - YHW(HH)NN - Yehohanan

If you see two nun's in a row, Judean_nun_1Judean_nun_1, Judean_nun_3Judean_nun_3, Judean_nun_5Judean_nun_5, Judean_nun_6Judean_nun_6, or Judean_nun_7Judean_nun_7, the king named is Yehohanan (John Hyrcanus I, 134 - 104 B.C.).

Hendin 1132

Greek letter A above inscription.

Bronze prutah, Hendin 1132 (454), Meshorer TJC A, Meshorer AJC M, Jerusalem mint, obverse Greek letter A above Hebrew inscription, Yehonanan the High Priest and Council of the Jews, surrounded by wreath; reverse double cornucopia adorned with ribbons, pomegranate between horns, border of dots.

Full script with very nice clear Ancient Hebrew and no mistakes from the die engraver.

Greek letter A above inscription.

The Paleo-Hebrew inscription reads, from right to left, as follows:
YHW(HH)NN (Yehonanan) / H (the) KHN (Priest) H (the) GD/L (high) W (and) (HH)BR (council) H (the) Y/HWDYM (Jews)

Judean_nun_3Judean_nun_3 Judean_het_1 Judean_vau_2Judean_hey_3Judean_yad_1
Judean_dalethAramaic_gimelJudean_hey_3Judean_nun_3Judean_hey_3Judean_kaf_1Judean_hey_3
Judean_yad_1Judean_hey_3Judean_rosh_3 Judean_beyt_2 Judean_het_1 Judean_vau_2Judean_lam_1
Judean_mah_2Judean_yad_1Judean_dalethJudean_vau_2Judean_hey


Bronze prutah, Hendin 1132, Meshorer TJC A, Meshorer AJC M, Jerusalem mint, weight 2.070g, maximum diameter 15.4mm, die axis 0o, obverse Greek letter A above Paleo-Hebrew inscription: Yehonanan the High Priest and Council of the Jews, all surrounded by wreath; reverse double cornucopia adorned with ribbons, pomegranate between horns, border of dots

Greek letter A above inscription.

The Paleo-Hebrew inscription reads, from right to left, as follows:
YHW(HH)NN (Yehonanan) / H (the) KHN (Priest) H (the) G/DL (high) W (and) (HH)BR (council) H (the) / YHWDYM (Jews)

Judean_nun_3Judean_nun_3 Judean_het_1 Judean_vau_2Judean_hey_3Judean_yad_1
Aramaic_gimelJudean_hey_3Judean_nun_3Judean_hey_3Judean_kaf_1Judean_hey_3
Judean_hey_3Judean_rosh_3 Judean_beyt_2 Judean_het_1 Judean_vau_2Judean_lam_1Judean_daleth
Judean_mah_2Judean_yad_1Judean_dalethJudean_vau_2Judean_heyJudean_yad_1

Hendin 1133

Similar to Hendin 1132 but without a Greek letter A above inscription.

Bronze prutah, Hendin 1133 (456), Meshorer TJC B, Meshorer AJC N, Jerusalem mint, obverse Hebrew inscription, Yehonanan the High Priest the Council of the Jews, surrounded by wreath; reverse double cornucopia adorned with ribbons, pomegranate between horns. Sometimes with ΑΠ or A monogram on the reverse.

The Paleo-Hebrew inscription reads, from right to left, as follows:
YHW(HH)NN (Yehohanan) / H (the) KHN (Priest) H (the) GD (high) / W (and) L (W and L reversed, L is last letter of high) H (the) (HH)BR (council) / H (the) YH[W]DY/M (Jews).

Judean_nun_6Judean_nun_6Judean_het_1 Judean_vau_2Judean_heyJudean_yad_1
Judean_dalethAramaic_gimelJudean_heyJudean_nun_3Judean_heyJudean_kaf_1Judean_hey_3
Judean_rosh_1 Judean_beyt_2 Judean_het_1 Judean_heyJudean_lam_1Judean_vau_2
Judean_yad_1Judean_dalethJudean_heyJudean_yad_1Judean_hey
Judean_mah_2

Bronze prutah, Hendin 1133 (456), Meshorer TJC B, Meshorer AJC I N, Jerusalem mint, 2.88g, 13.9mm, 0o, obverse Hebrew inscription, Yehohanan the High Priest the Council of the Jews, surrounded by wreath; reverse double cornucopia adorned with ribbons, pomegranate between horns, AP monogram below left; very rare full script.

This is one of the finest full script examples I have ever seen of this type (ex Forum Ancient Coins).

The Paleo-Hebrew inscription reads, from right to left, as follows:
YHW(HH)NN (Yehohanan) / H (the) KHN (Priest) H (the) G/DL (high) H (the) (HH)BR (council) / H (the) YHDY/M (Jews).

Judean_nun_6Judean_nun_6 Judean_het_1 Judean_waw_1 Judean_hey Judean_yad_1
Aramaic_gimel Judean_hey Judean_nun_3 Judean_hey Judean_kaf_2Judean_hey_3
Judean_hey_3Judean_rosh_1 Judean_beyt_2 Judean_het_1 Judean_hey Judean_lam_1Judean_daleth
Judean_yad_1Judean_dalethJudean_heyJudean_yad_1
Judean_mah_2


Bronze prutah, Hendin 1133 (456), Meshorer TJC B, Meshorer AJC N, Jerusalem mint, obverse Hebrew inscription, Yehohanan the High Priest and Council of the Jews, surrounded by wreath; reverse double cornucopia adorned with ribbons, pomegranate between horns, weak monogram (Because of the dark patina on the reverse, you cannot see it, but there is a small bump in the monogram area.); very rare full script.

The Paleo-Hebrew inscription reads, from right to left, as follows:
YHWHNN (Yehohanan) / H (the) KHN (Priest) [H] (the) GD/L (high) W (and) (HH)BR (council) H (the) Y/ HDYM (Jews)

Judean_nun_6Judean_nun_6 Judean_het_1 Judean_waw_7 Judean_hey Judean_yad_4
Judean_daleth Aramaic_gimel Judean_hey Judean_nun_6 Judean_hey Judean_kaf_1 Judean_hey_3
Judean_yad_1Judean_heyJudean_rosh_3 Judean_beyt_2 Judean_het_1 Judean_waw_7 Judean_lam_1
Judean_mah_2 Judean_yad_1 Judean_daleth Judean_hey


Bronze prutah, Hendin 1133 (456), Meshorer TJC B, Meshorer AJC N, Jerusalem mint, weight 2.268g, maximum diameter 15.2mm, die axis 0o, obverse Paleo-Hebrew inscription:, Yehonanan the High Priest the Council of the Jews, surrounded by wreath; reverse double cornucopia adorned with ribbons, pomegranate between horns, monogram A left below horns (off flan)

The Paleo-Hebrew inscription reads, from right to left, as follows:
YHWHNN (Yehohanan) / H (the) KHN (Priest) [H] (the) G/DL (high) H (the) (HH)B/R (council) H (the) YHD/YM (Jews, last three letters obscure)

Judean_nun_6 Judean_nun_6 Judean_het_1 Judean_waw_7 Judean_hey Judean_yad_4
Aramaic_gimel Judean_hey Judean_nun_6 Judean_hey Judean_kaf_2 Judean_hey_3
Judean_beyt_2 Judean_het_1 Judean_hey Judean_lam_1Judean_daleth
Judean_daleth Judean_hey Judean_yad_1Judean_heyJudean_rosh_3
Judean_mah_2 Judean_yad_2


Hendin 1134

Bronze lepton (half prutah), Hendin 1134 (458), Meshorer TJC C, Meshorer AJC O; Jerusalem mint, 1.14gm, 10mm, obverse Paleo-Hebrew inscription: Yehohanan the High Priest and Council of the Jews, Lulav (palm-frond); reverse lily, two stalks of grain below, A center left.

The Paleo-Hebrew inscription, in two lines above and two lines below the lulav (palm-frond), reads, from right to left, as follows:
YHW(HH)NN (Yehohanan) / H (the) KHN (Priest) H (the) / GDL (high) H (the) (HH)BR (council) / H (the) YHDYM (Jews)

Judean_nun_3 Judean_nun_3 Judean_het_1 Judean_waw_1 Judean_hey Judean_yad_4
Judean_hey_3Judean_nun_3 Judean_hey Judean_kaf_1 Judean_hey

Judean_rosh_3 Judean_beyt_2 Judean_het_1 Judean_hey Judean_lam_1Judean_dalethJudean_gimel_1
Judean_mah_2 Judean_yad_2 Judean_dalethJudean_hey_1Judean_yad_1Judean_hey


Bronze lepton (half prutah), Hendin 1134 (458), Meshorer TJC C, Meshorer AJC O; Jerusalem mint, weight 0.727g, maximum diameter 10.2mm, die axis 0o, obverse Paleo-Hebrew inscription: Yehohanan the High Priest and Council of the Jews, Lulav (palm-frond); reverse lily, two stalks of grain below, A center left.

The Paleo-Hebrew inscription, in two lines above and two lines below the lulav (palm-frond), reads, from right to left, as follows:
YHW(HH)NN (Yehohanan) / H (the) KHN (Priest) H (the) / GD (high) (HH)BR (council) H (the) / YHDYM (Jews)

Judean_nun_3 Judean_nun_3 Judean_het_1 Judean_waw_1 Judean_hey Judean_yad_4
Judean_hey_3Judean_nun_3 Judean_hey Judean_kaf_1 Judean_hey

Judean_heyJudean_rosh_3 Judean_beyt_2 Judean_het_1 Judean_dalethJudean_gimel_1
Judean_mah_2 Judean_yad_2 Judean_dalethJudean_heyJudean_yad_1

Hendin 1135

Hendin 1135 is usually easily recognized because the wreath differs from all others and even appears to be a different plant.
Wedge style inscription. Nun Judean_nun_3 (N) a vertical line Judean_nun_7. Res Judean_rosh_3 (R) usually with an open top Judean_rosh_1. No Rosh (Head).

Bronze prutah, Hendin 1135 (453), Meshorer TJC D, Meshorer AJC P, Jerusalem mint, 1.82 gm, 14.3 mm, obverse Hebrew inscription, Yehonanan the High Priest and Council of the Jews, surrounded by wreath; reverse double cornucopia adorned with ribbons, pomegranate between horns.

The Paleo-Hebrew inscription reads, from right to left, as follows:
YHW(HH)/NN (Yehohanan) H (the) KHN (Priest) H (the) / GDL (high) W (and) (HH)/BR (council) H (the) Y/DYM (Jews)

Judean_het_1 Judean_waw_7 Judean_hey Judean_yad_2
Judean_hey Judean_nun_7 Judean_hey Judean_kaf_3 Judean_hey_3 Judean_nun_7 Judean_nun_7
Judean_het_1 Judean_vau_2 Judean_lam_1 Judean_daleth_2 Judean_gimel_3
Judean_yad_2 Judean_hey Judean_rosh_1 Judean_beyt_2
Judean_mah_2 Judean_yad_2 Judean_daleth


Bronze prutah, Hendin 1135 (453), Meshorer TJC D, Meshorer AJC P, Jerusalem mint, Obverse Hebrew inscription, Yehonanan the High Priest and Council of the Jews, surrounded by wreath; reverse double cornucopia adorned with ribbons, pomegranate between horns.

Hendin 1135 is often easily recognized because the wreath differs from all others and even appears to be a different plant.

Wedge style inscription. Nun Judean_nun_3 (N) a vertical line Judean_nun_7. Res Judean_rosh_3 (R) usually with an open top Judean_rosh_1. No Rosh (Head).

The Paleo-Hebrew inscription reads, from right to left, as follows:
YHW/(HH)NN (Yehohanan) H (the) KHN (Priest) / H (the) LGD (high) W (and) / (HH)BR (council) H (the) Y/DY (Jews)

Judean_vau_2 Judean_hey Judean_yad_2
Judean_nun_7Judean_hey_1judean_kafJudean_hey_1 Judean_nun_7 Judean_nun_7 Judean_het_1
Judean_vau_2 Judean_lam_1 Judean_daleth_2 Judean_gimel_3 Judean_hey
Judean_yad_2 Judean_hey_3Judean_rosh_1 Judean_beyt_2 Judean_het_1
Judean_yad_2 Judean_daleth



Bronze prutah, Hendin 1135 (453), Meshorer TJC D, Meshorer AJC P, Jerusalem mint, weight 1.930g, maximum diameter 14.2mm, die axis 45o, obverse Paleo-Hebrew inscription with wedge style script: Yehonanan the High Priest and the Council of the Jews, surrounded by wreath; reverse double cornucopia adorned with ribbons, pomegranate between horns

Hendin 1135 is usually easily recognized because the wreath differs from all others and even appears to be a different plant.

Wedge style inscription. Nun Judean_nun_3 (N) a vertical line Judean_nun_7. Res Judean_rosh_3 (R) usually with an open top Judean_rosh_1. No Rosh (Head).

The Paleo-Hebrew inscription reads, from right to left, as follows:
YHW/(HH)NN (Yehohanan) H (the) KH/N (Priest) H (the) GDL (high) W (and) / (HH)BR (council) H (the) Y/DY[M] (Jews)

Judean_waw_7 Judean_hey Judean_yad_2
Judean_heyjudean_kafJudean_hey_3Judean_nun_7Judean_nun_7Judean_het_1
Judean_waw_7 Judean_lam_1Judean_dalethJudean_gimel_3Judean_hey_1Judean_nun_7
Judean_yad_2 Judean_heyJudean_rosh_1 Judean_beyt_2 Judean_het_1
Judean_yad_2 Judean_daleth


Hendin 1137

Bronze prutah, Hendin 1137 (460), Meshorer TJC I, Meshorer AJC S, Jerusalem mint, obverse Hebrew inscription, Yehohanan the High Priest Head Council of the Jews, surrounded by wreath; reverse double cornucopia adorned with ribbons, pomegranate between horns, A monogram center left, lower left, or lower right.

Wedge style inscription. Nun Judean_nun_3 (N) a vertical line Judean_nun_7. Res Judean_rosh_3 (R) usually with an open top Judean_rosh_1. Includes Rosh Judean_shin_1Judean_alef_5Judean_rosh_3 (R`S - Head).

The Paleo-Hebrew inscription reads, from right to left, as follows:
YHW/(HH)NN (Yehohanan) H (the) KH/N (Priest) H (the) GDL (high) R/WS (Head) (HH)B/R (council) H (the) YH[WDYM] (Jews)

Judean_vau_2 Judean_hey Judean_yad_2
Judean_heyjudean_kafJudean_heyJudean_nun_7Judean_nun_7Judean_het_1
Judean_rosh_1 Judean_lam_1Judean_dalethJudean_gimel_3Judean_heyJudean_nun_7
Judean_beyt_2 Judean_het_1 Judean_shin_1Judean_vau_2
Judean_heyJudean_yad_2Judean_heyJudean_rosh_1


Bronze prutah, Hendin 1137 (460), Meshorer TJC I, Meshorer AJC S, Jerusalem mint, weight 2.236g, maximum diameter 15.0mm, die axis 0o, obverse Hebrew inscription, Yehohanan the High Priest Head Council of the Jews, surrounded by wreath; reverse double cornucopia adorned with ribbons, pomegranate between horns, A monogram center left, lower left, or lower right.

Wedge style inscription. Nun Judean_nun_3 (N) a vertical line Judean_nun_7. Res Judean_rosh_3 (R) usually with an open top Judean_rosh_1. Includes Rosh Judean_shin_1Judean_alef_5Judean_rosh_3 (RWS - Head).

The Paleo-Hebrew inscription reads, from right to left, as follows:
YHW/(HH)NN (Yehohanan) H (the) KHN (Priest) H (the) / GDL (high) RWS (head) / (HH)BR (council) H (the) YH/DHYM (Jews)

Judean_vau_2Judean_hey_1Judean_yad_2
Judean_hey_1Judean_nun_7Judean_hey_1judean_kafJudean_hey_1Judean_nun_7Judean_nun_7Judean_het_1
Judean_shin_1Judean_alef_5Judean_rosh_1Judean_lam_1Judean_daleth_2Judean_gimel_1
Judean_yad_2Judean_hey_3Judean_rosh_1Judean_beyt_3 Judean_het_1
Judean_mah_2Judean_yad_2Judean_hey_3Judean_daleth_2



Bronze prutah, Hendin 1137 (460), Meshorer TJC I, Meshorer AJC S, Jerusalem mint, weight 1.97g, maximum diameter 14.3mm, die axis 0o, obverse Hebrew inscription, Yehohanan the High Priest and Head...(remainder of inscription blundered), surrounded by wreath; reverse double cornucopia adorned with ribbons, pomegranate between horns, A monogram lower right.

Wedge style inscription. Nun Judean_nun_3 (N) a vertical line. Res Judean_rosh_3 (R) usually with an open top Judean_rosh_1. Includes Rosh Judean_shin_1Judean_alef_5Judean_rosh_3 (RWS - Head).

The Paleo-Hebrew inscription reads, from right to left, as follows:
YHW/(HH)NN (Yehohanan) H (the) KH/N (Priest) H (the) GDL (high) RW/S (head) H (the) (HH)BR (council) YHDY[M] (Jews, the dalet Judean_daleth is blundered and looks like beyt Judean_beyt_3).

Judean_vau_1Judean_heyJudean_yad_2
Judean_heyjudean_kafJudean_heyJudean_nun_7Judean_nun_7 Judean_het_1
Judean_alef_5 Judean_rosh_3Judean_lam_1 Judean_daleth Judean_gimel_3Judean_hey_1Judean_nun_7
Judean_rosh_3 Judean_beyt_3 Judean_het_1Judean_heyJudean_shin_1
Judean_yad_2Judean_dalethJudean_heyJudean_yad_2

Hendin 1138

Bronze prutah, Hendin 1138 (461), Meshorer TJC J, Meshorer AJC T, Jerusalem mint, obverse Palm branch upright, flanked by Hebrew legend (Yehohanan the High Priest Head Council of the Jews), reverse Lily between two grain ears, three dot monogram in left field.

The Paleo-Hebrew inscription reads, from right to left, as follows:
YHW(HH)NN (Yehohanan) K/HN (Priest) GDL (high) / RS (head) H (the) (HH)BR (council) / H (the) YHDY[M] (Jews)

Judean_vau_1 Judean_hey Judean_yad_2 Judean_het_1 Judean_nun_3 Judean_nun_3 Judean_kaf_1
Judean_lam_1 Judean_daleth Judean_gimel_1Judean_hey Judean_nun_3 Judean_hey

Judean_rosh_3 Judean_beyt_3 Judean_het_1Judean_hey Judean_shin_1Judean_rosh_3
Judean_yad_2Judean_daleth_2Judean_heyJudean_yad_2Judean_hey



Hendin 1139

On Hendin 1139 the letter he has the form Judean_hey_1 in the first two lines, but after may take a crude simplified form like an arrow pointed upward Judean_hey_4.

Bronze prutah, Hendin 1139 (464), Meshorer TJC E, Meshorer AJC L, Jerusalem mint, 1.92 gm, 14.3 mm, obverse Hebrew inscription, Yehonanan the Priest of Jews, surrounded by wreath; reverse double cornucopia adorned with ribbons, pomegranate between horns; nice glossy black patina and earthen highlighting.

Similar to Hendin 1140 but with the letter he appearing as Judean_hey_1 in the first two lines and after usually in crude simplified form Judean_hey_4 like an arrow pointed upward.

Variety without the the words high or Council.

The Paleo-Hebrew inscription reads, from right to left, as follows:
YHW/(HH)NN (Yehohanan) H (the) K/HN (Priest) L (of) Y/HD(or M?) (Jews, final letter blundered)

Judean_waw_7 Judean_hey_1 Judean_yad_2
Judean_gimel_1 Judean_hey_1 Judean_nun_3 Judean_nun_3 Judean_het_1
Judean_yad_2 Judean_lam_1 Judean_nun_3 Judean_hey_4
Judean_beyt_2Judean_hey_4

Bronze prutah, Hendin 1139 (464), Meshorer TJC E, Meshorer AJC L, VF, reverse off center, Jerusalem mint, 1.98g, 13.6mm, 0, obverse Hebrew inscription, Yehonanan the High Priest and Council, surrounded by wreath; reverse double cornucopia adorned with ribbons, pomegranate between horns.

On Hendin 1139 the letter he has the form Judean_hey_1 in the first two lines, but after may take a crude simplified form like an arrow pointed upward Judean_hey_4.

The Paleo-Hebrew inscription reads, from right to left, as follows:
YHW/(HH)NN (Yehohanan) H (the) K/HN (Priest) H (the) GD/L (high) / W (and) (HH)B (council)

Judean_waw_7 Judean_hey_1 Judean_yad_2
judean_kafJudean_hey_1 Judean_nun_3 Judean_nun_3 Judean_het_1
Judean_daleth Judean_gimel_1 Judean_hey_4 Judean_nun_3 Judean_hey_4
Judean_beyt_2 Judean_het_1 Judean_waw_7 Judean_lam_1



Bronze prutah, Hendin 1139 (464), Meshorer TJC E, Meshorer AJC L, Jerusalem mint, 2.02g, 14.0mm, 0, obverse Hebrew inscription, Yehonanan the High, surrounded by wreath; reverse double cornucopia adorned with ribbons, pomegranate between horns. Crude example with shortened inscription.

The Paleo-Hebrew inscription reads, from right to left, as follows:
YHW/(HH)NN (Yehohanan) H (the) K/HN (Priest) GD/WL (high)


Judean_waw_7 Judean_hey_1 Judean_yad_2
Judean_kaf_2 Judean_hey_2 Judean_nun_6Judean_nun_6 Judean_het_1
Judean_daleth Judean_gimel_1 Judean_nun_6 Judean_hey_4
Judean_lam_1 Judean_waw_7

Hendin 1140

Similar to Hendin 1139 but with the letter he usually appearing as Judean_hey_3 in the first two lines and after usually in crude simplified form like an arrow pointed upward Judean_hey_4. After the first two lines much of the inscription is blundered or missing.

Bronze prutah, Hendin 1140 (463), Meshorer TJC F, Meshorer AJC Q, Jerusalem mint, 1.98g, 13.6mm, 0, obverse Hebrew inscription, Yehonanan the High Priest....(the last lines blundered), surrounded by wreath; reverse double cornucopia adorned with ribbons, pomegranate between horns.

Much of the inscription on the coin below is, as typical for the type, blundered nonsense.



Hendin 1141

Inscriptions on Hendin 1141 are often incomplete, contain many errors and are sometimes illegible.

Bronze prutah, Hendin 1140 (-), Meshorer TJC G, Meshorer AJC K, Jerusalem mint, obverse Hebrew inscription, Yehonanan the High Priest and Council Jews, surrounded by wreath; reverse double cornucopia adorned with ribbons, pomegranate between horns; nice glossy black patina and earthen highlighting.

The Paleo-Hebrew inscription reads, from right to left, as follows:
YHW(HH)/NN (Yehohanan) H (the) KHN (Priest) / G[D]L (high) W (and) (HH)B[R] (council) / Y[HWDM] (Jews)

Judean_het_1 Judean_waw_7 Judean_hey_3 Judean_yad_2
Judean_nun_3Judean_hey_3Judean_kaf_1Judean_hey_3Judean_nun_6 Judean_nun_6
Judean_beyt_2 Judean_het_1 Judean_waw_7 Judean_lam_1Judean_gimel_1
Judean_yad_3


Bronze prutah, Hendin 1140 (-), Meshorer TJC G, Meshorer AJC K, Jerusalem mint, 1.99 gm, 14.3 mm, Jerusalem mint, obverse Hebrew inscription, Yehonanan the High Priest and council Jews, surrounded by wreath; reverse double cornucopia adorned with ribbons, pomegranate between horns; nice glossy black patina and earthen highlighting.

The Paleo-Hebrew inscription reads, from right to left, as follows:
YHW(HH)/NN (Yehohanan) H (the) KHN (Priest) / [G]DL (high) W (and) (HH)B[R] (council) / Y[HW]D[M] (Jews)

Judean_het_1 Judean_waw_7Judean_hey_3Judean_yad_2
Judean_nun_6Judean_hey_3judean_kafJudean_hey_3Judean_nun_6 Judean_nun_6
Judean_beyt_2 Judean_het_1 Judean_waw_7Judean_lam_1Judean_daleth_2
Judean_daleth_2Judean_yad_2




Judah Aristobulus I (Yehudah), 104 - 103 B.C.

Judean_heyJudean_dalethJudean_vau_1Judean_heyJudean_yad_2 - HDWHY - YHWDH - Yehudah

Hendin 1142

Wedge style inscription. Nun Judean_nun_3 (N) a vertical line Judean_nun_7. Res Judean_rosh_3 (R) usually with an open top Judean_rosh_1.

Bronze Prutah, Hendin 1142 (466). Jerusalem mint, obverse Hebrew inscription, Yehuda the High Priest and the Head of the Council of the Jews, surrounded by wreath; reverse double cornucopia adorned with ribbons, pomegranate between horns. Very rare.

The Paleo-Hebrew inscription reads, from right to left, as follows:
YHW/DH (Yehuda) H (the) / KH/N (Priest) H (the) GD/L (high) / W (and) (HH)BR (Council) H (the) YHD/YM (Jews)

Judean_vau_1Judean_hey Judean_yad_2
Judean_heyjudean_kafJudean_hey Judean_hey Judean_daleth
Judean_lam_1 Judean_daleth Judean_gimel_3 Judean_hey Judean_nun_7
Judean_heyJudean_rosh_1 Judean_beyt_2 Judean_het_1 Judean_vau_1
Judean_dalethJudean_hey Judean_yad_1
Judean_mah_2Judean_yad_2


Bronze Prutah, Hendin 1142 (466). Jerusalem mint, obverse Hebrew inscription, Yehuda the High Priest and Council of the Jews, surrounded by wreath; reverse double cornucopia adorned with ribbons, pomegranate between horns.
Wedge style inscription. Nun Judean_nun_3 (N) a vertical line Judean_nun_7. Res Judean_rosh_3 (R) usually with an open top Judean_rosh_1.

The Paleo-Hebrew inscription reads, from right to left, as follows:
YH/WDH (Yehuda) H (the) / KHN (Priest) HGD/L (high) W (and) (HH)BR (Council) H (the) YH[WDYM] (Jews)

Judean_hey Judean_yad_2
Judean_hey Judean_hey Judean_daleth Judean_vau_1
Judean_daleth Judean_gimel_3 Judean_hey Judean_nun_7 Judean_heyjudean_kaf
Judean_rosh_1 Judean_beyt_2 Judean_het_1 Judean_vau_1 Judean_lam_1
Judean_hey Judean_yad_2 Judean_hey


Hendin 1143

Bronze prutah, Hendin 1143 (465), Meshorer TJC U, Meshorer AJC Ja - Jb, Jerusalem mint, 2,18g, 13.0mm, obverse Hebrew inscription, Yehudah the High Priest and Council the Jews, surrounded by wreath; reverse double cornucopia adorned with ribbons, pomegranate between horns, scarce.

The regular Aristobulus prutah characteristically has the word "high" spelled GDWL (with a waw), which is not typical of other Hasmonean prutot in general.

The Paleo-Hebrew inscription reads, from right to left, as follows:
YHWD/H (Judah) KHN (priest) GD/WL (high) W (and) HBR (council) / H (the) YHWD (Jews)

Judean_daleth Judean_vau_1Judean_hey_3 Judean_yad_4
Judean_dalethJudean_gimel_1Judean_nun_3 Judean_heyJudean_kaf_1Judean_hey
Judean_rosh_3 Judean_beyt_2 Judean_het_1 Judean_vau_2Judean_lam_1Judean_vau_2
Judean_dalethJudean_vau_2 Judean_hey Judean_yad_2 Judean_hey
Judean_mah_2 Judean_yad_1


Bronze prutah, Hendin 1143 (465), 2g, 13.0mm, Jerusalem mint, obverse Hebrew inscription, Yehudah the High Priest and the Council of the Jews, surrounded by wreath; reverse double cornucopia adorned with ribbons, pomegranate between horns, scarce.

The Paleo-Hebrew inscription reads, from right to left, as follows:
YHWD/H (Judah) KHN (priest) GD/WL (high) W (and) HBR (council) / H (the) YHWD (Jews)

Judean_daleth Judean_vau_1Judean_hey_3 Judean_yad_2
Judean_dalethJudean_gimel_1Judean_nun_3 Judean_heyJudean_kaf_1Judean_hey
Judean_rosh_3 Judean_beyt_2 Judean_het_1 Judean_waw_7Judean_lam_1Judean_waw_7
Judean_dalethJudean_waw_7 Judean_hey Judean_yad_2 Judean_hey



Bronze prutah, Hendin 1143 (465), Jerusalem mint,obverse Hebrew inscription, Yehudah the High Priest and the Council of the Jews, surrounded by wreath; reverse double cornucopia adorned with ribbons, pomegranate between horns.

The Paleo-Hebrew inscription reads, from right to left, as follows:
YHWD/H (Judah) KHN (priest) GD/WL (high) W (and) HBR (council) / YHWD/MY (Jews)

Judean_dalethJudean_vau_2Judean_hey Judean_yad_2
Judean_dalethJudean_gimel_1Judean_nun_3Judean_heyJudean_nun_2Judean_hey
Judean_rosh_3 Judean_beyt_2 Judean_het_1 Judean_vau_2Judean_lam_1Judean_vau_2
Judean_dalethJudean_vau_1 Judean_hey Judean_yad_2
Judean_mah_2 Judean_yad_2





Alexander Jannaeus (Yehonatan), 103 - 76 B.C.

Judean_nun_3Judean_taw_1Judean_nun_3Judean_waw_7Judean_heyJudean_yad_2 - NTNWHY - YHWNTN - Yehonatan

Hendin 1144

Meshorer wrote of the inscriptions on this type (AJC F = Hendin 1144), "The style of the script is distinctive. The letters are large and slight oblique, with sharp lines and edges; they tend toward systematization. The shapes are strong and clear...and contain few variants. The legend is mostly incomplete and contains many errors. Certain characters such as (B), (R), and (D) are almost indistinguishable."
On this type, and the example below, the words "the" Judean_hey_3 (H) and "and" Judean_waw_7 (W) are sometimes omitted.

Bronze prutah, Hendin 1144 (474), Meshorer TJC Q, Meshorer AJC F, Jerusalem mint, 2.6g, 15mm, obverse Hebrew inscription, Yehonatan High Priest Council Jews, surrounded by wreath; reverse double cornucopia adorned with ribbons, pomegranate between horns.

The Paleo-Hebrew inscription reads, from right to left, as follows:
YHWN/TN (Yehonatan) KHN (Priest) / DWL (high) (HH)BR (council) / YHWD/M (Jews)

Judean_nun_3Judean_waw_7Judean_heyJudean_yad_2
Judean_nun_3Judean_heyJudean_nun_2 Judean_nun_3Judean_taw_1
Judean_rosh_3 Judean_beyt_2 Judean_het_1 Judean_lam_1Judean_waw_7Judean_daleth
Judean_dalethJudean_waw_7Judean_heyJudean_yad_2
Judean_mah_2

Bronze prutah, Hendin 1144 (474), Meshorer TJC Q, Meshorer AJC F, Jerusalem mint, weight 2.099 g, maximum diameter 15.3 mm, die axis 180o, obverse Paleo-Hebrew inscription: Yehonatan the High Priest and the Council of the Jews, within wreath; reverse double cornucopia adorned with ribbons, pomegranate between horns

The Paleo-Hebrew inscription reads, from right to left, as follows:
YHWN/TN (Yehonatan) [K]HN (Priest) / G/DWL (high) W (and) (HH) (council) Y/HWD/M (Jews)

Judean_nun_3Judean_waw_7Judean_heyJudean_yad_2
Aramaic_gimelJudean_nun_3Judean_hey Judean_nun_3Judean_taw_1
Judean_yad_2Judean_het_1Judean_waw_7 Judean_lam_1Judean_waw_7Judean_daleth
Judean_dalethJudean_waw_7Judean_hey
Judean_mah_2





Bronze prutah, Hendin 1144, Meshorer TJC Q, Meshorer AJC F, Jerusalem mint, weight 2.157 g, maximum diameter 15.1 mm, die axis 180o, obverse Paleo-Hebrew inscription: Yehonatan the High Priest and the Council of the Jews, surrounded by wreath; reverse double cornucopia adorned with ribbons, pomegranate between horns

The Paleo-Hebrew inscription reads, from right to left, as follows:
YHWN/TN (Yehonatan) H (the) NH/N (Priest, should be KHN) GDL (high) (HH)B/R (council) Y/H (Jews)

Judean_nun_3Judean_waw_7Judean_heyJudean_yad_2
Judean_heyJudean_nun_3Judean_heyJudean_nun_3Judean_taw_1
Judean_beyt_3Judean_het_1 Judean_lam_1Judean_dalethAramaic_gimelJudean_hey
Judean_heyJudean_yad_5Judean_rosh_3



Hendin 1145

Hendin 1145 is a common type and is very likely the type when you spot Judean_nun_3 Judean_taw_1 Judean_nun_3 (often looks like lower case yty) in the second line.

Meshorer wrote of the inscriptions on this type (AJC E = Hendin 1145), "The letters are clear, large and straight, with few variants. On many coins the inscription, especially the final word is incomplete. Even the specimens that depict incomplete inscriptions and orthographic errors reveal a good style and contain well-defined letters."

Bronze prutah, Hendin 1145 (473), Meshorer TJC P, Meshorer AJC E, Jerusalem mint, 2.4g, 14mm, obverse Hebrew inscription, Yehonatan the High Priest and the Council of the Jews, within wreath; reverse double cornucopia adorned with ribbons, pomegranate between horns.

The Paleo-Hebrew inscription reads, from right to left, as follows:
YHW/NTN ( Yehonatan) H (the) K/HN (priest) H (the) GDL (high) W (and) / (HH)BR (council) H (the) Y/HDDM (Jews, blundered)

Judean_waw_7 Judean_hey Judean_yad_4
Judean_kaf_3Judean_heyJudean_nun_3Judean_taw_1Judean_nun_3
Judean_waw_7Judean_lam_1Judean_daleth Judean_gimel_1Judean_heyJudean_nun_3Judean_hey
Judean_yad_2Judean_heyJudean_rosh_3 Judean_beyt_2 Judean_het_1
Judean_mah_2 Judean_daleth Judean_daleth Judean_hey

Bronze prutah, Hendin 1145 (473), Meshorer TJC P, Meshorer TJC E, Jerusalem mint, 2.4g, 14mm, obverse Hebrew inscription, Yehonatan the High Priest and the Council of the Jews, within wreath; reverse double cornucopia adorned with ribbons, pomegranate between horns.

The Paleo-Hebrew inscription reads, from right to left, as follows:
YHW/NTN ( Yehonatan) H (the) KH/N (priest) H (the) GDL (high) H (the) / (HH)BR (council) H (the) YH/M (Jews)

Judean_waw_7 Judean_hey_3 Judean_yad_2
Judean_hey_3Judean_kaf_3Judean_hey_3Judean_nun_3 Judean_taw_1 Judean_nun_3
Judean_hey_3Judean_lam_1Judean_dalethJudean_gimel_1Judean_hey_3Judean_nun_3
Judean_hey_3Judean_yad_4Judean_rosh_3 Judean_beyt_2 Judean_het_1
Judean_mah_2





Hendin 1146

The cursive style inscription is unique to Hendin 1146 and usually makes identification of this type easy.

Meshorer wrote of the cursive style on this type (AJC G = Hendin 1146), "The letters appear is if they were written with pen and ink. They are schematic, elongated, oblique, and very small. Some are so minute as to be little more than points. Although small, the shapes of the letters are simple and quite legible. The inscription is mostly complete and contains no errors."

Bronze prutah, Hendin 1146 (475), Meshorer TJC R, Meshorer AJC G, Jerusalem mint, 1.75 gm, 14.0 mm, 0, obverse Paleo-Hebrew inscription, Yehonatan the High Priest and the Council of the Jews, within wreath; reverse double cornucopia adorned with ribbons, pomegranate between horns.

The Paleo-Hebrew inscription reads, from right to left, as follows:
YHWNT/N ( Yehonatan) H (the) KN (priest) H (the) G/DL (high) / W (and) (HH)BR (council) H (the) / HWDYM (Jews)

Judean_taw_1 Judean_nun_3 Judean_waw_7 Judean_hey_3 Judean_yad_4
Judean_gimel_2 Judean_hey_3 Judean_nun_3 Judean_kaf_3 Judean_hey_3Judean_nun_3
Judean_lam_1Judean_daleth
Judean_hey_3Judean_rosh_3 Judean_beyt_2 Judean_het_1 Judean_waw_7
Judean_mah_2 Judean_yad_4Judean_dalethJudean_waw_7Judean_hey_3

Bronze prutah, Hendin 1146 (475), Meshorer TJC R, Meshorer AJC G, Jerusalem mint, 1.58g, 14.2mm, 0, obverse Hebrew inscription, Yehonatan the High Priest and the Council of the Jews, cursive style script, within wreath; reverse double cornucopia adorned with ribbons, pomegranate between horns; reverse off center.

The cursive style inscription is unique to Hendin 1146 and usually makes identification of this type easy.

The Paleo-Hebrew inscription reads, from right to left, as follows:
YHWNT/N ( Yehonatan) KHN (priest) GD/L (high) W (and) (HH)BR (council) H (the) YH/WM

Judean_taw_1 Judean_nun_3 Judean_waw_7 Judean_hey_3 Judean_yad_4
Judean_dalethJudean_gimel_2 Judean_nun_3 Judean_hey_3 Judean_kaf_3 Judean_nun_3
Judean_hey_3Judean_rosh_3 Judean_beyt_2 Judean_het_1 Judean_waw_7 Judean_lam_1
Judean_mah_2Judean_waw_7 Judean_hey_3 Judean_yad_4




Hendin 1147

Bronze lepton (half prutah), Hendin 1147 (468), Meshorer TJC O1, Meshorer AJC B, 1.43 gm, obverse Paleo-Hebrew inscription, Yehonatan the King, around Palm / Lily. Very rare.

The Paleo-Hebrew inscription reads, from counterclockwise from upper left, as follows: YHWNTN ( Yehonatan) - H (the) MLK (King)

Judean_nun_2Judean_lam_1Judean_mah_2  Judean_hey_3  Judean_nun_3Judean_taw_1Judean_nun_3Judean_waw_7Judean_hey_3Judean_yad_4 - KLM H NTNWHY - YHWNTN H MLK - Yehonatan the King



Hendin 1148

Bronze lepton (half prutah), Hendin 1148, Meshorer TJC N, Meshorer AJC A, Jerusalem mint, 1.43 gm, obverse paleo-Hebrew inscription, Yehonatan the King, around lily; reverse BAΣIΛEΩΣ AΛEΞAN∆POY (King Alexander in Greek), around inner circle containing anchor

The Paleo-Hebrew inscription reads, from counterclockwise from upper left, as follows: YHWNTN ( Yehonatan) - H (the) MLK (King)

Judean_nun_2Judean_lam_1Judean_mah_2  Judean_hey_3  Judean_nun_3Judean_taw_1Judean_nun_3Judean_waw_7Judean_hey_3Judean_yad_4 - KLM H NTNWHY - YHWNTN H MLK - Yehonatan heh melek - Yehonatan the King

Hendin 1149

This type is often overstruck, usually on Hendin 1146 or 1148. The inscription style is usually similar to Hendin 1145.

Bronze prutah, Hendin 1149 (478), Meshorer TJC T, Meshorer AJC I, 2.6g, Jerusalem mint, 17mm, obverse Hebrew inscription, Yonatan the High Priest and the Council of the Jews, within wreath; reverse double cornucopia with pomegranate between horns; overstruck on an earlier prutah, and it is clearly over Alexander Jannaeus Hendin 1148 (467) since we can read ALEXANDROY BAC, in a circle around.

The Paleo-Hebrew inscription reads, from right to left, as follows:
YNTN ( Yonatan ) / H (the) KHNH (Priest) / GDL (high) W (and) (HH)B/ R (council) H (the) DY (Jews)

Judean_nun_3 Judean_taw_1 Judean_nun_3 Judean_yad_4
Judean_hey_3Judean_nun_3Judean_hey_3Judean_kaf_1Judean_hey_3
Judean_beyt_2 Judean_het_1 Judean_waw_7Judean_lam_1Judean_dalethJudean_gimel_2
Judean_yad_4Judean_dalethJudean_hey_3Judean_rosh_3


Hendin 1150

Bronze prutah, Hendin 1150, H4 469, Meshorer TJC K1 - K10 (various obv inscription variations), Meshorer AJC Ca, Jerusalem mint, 3.21gm, 16.5mm,; obverse star of eight pellets and rays within diadem, Paleo-Hebrew inscription, Yehonatan the King, counterclockwise between the rays; reverse ΒΑΣΙΛΕΩΣ ΑΛΕΞΑΝ∆ΡΟΥ (King Alexander), around anchor.

The Paleo-Hebrew inscription counterclockwise starting at 8:30 between rays, as follows: YHWNTN (Yehonatan) H (the) MLK (King)

Judean_nun_2Judean_lam_1Judean_mah_2  Judean_hey_3  Judean_nun_3Judean_taw_1Judean_nun_3Judean_waw_7Judean_hey_3Judean_yad_4 - KLM H NTNWHY - YHWNTN H MLK - Yehonatan heh melek - Yehonatan the King

See the Widows Mite page in NumisWiki for Hendin 1150 varieties and other Widows Mite types.



Hendin 1152

Bronze lepton (half prutah), Hendin 1152 (471), Meshorer TJC L, Meshorer AJC C, Jerusalem mint, 78 - 76 B.C., 1.3g, 14mm; obverse ΒΑΣΙΛΕΩΣ ΑΛΕΞΑΝ∆ΡΟΥ (of King Alexander), anchor upside-down in circle, L KE (= year 25) near anchor points; reverse Paleo-Hebrew inscription, King Alexander Year 25, star of eight rays surrounded by diadem of dots.

The Pseudo-Aramaic-Hebrew inscription read counterclockwise as follows: L (for) MLK' (King) 'LKS'NDRW' (Alexander) SNT (year) KH (25)

Judean_hey_2Judean_kaf_1 Judean_taw_2Judean_nun_3Judean_shin_2 Aramaic_ayinJudean_waw_1Judean_rosh_3Judean_dalethJudean_nun_6Aramaic_ayinJudean_tsad_2Judean_kaf_2judean_lamed_3 Judean_kaf_1judean_lamed_3 Judean_lam_1 - HK TNS 'WRN'SKL' 'KLM L - L MLK' 'LKS'NDRW' SNT KH - le melek Aleksandro sh'nat 25 - for King Alexander year 25

See the Widows Mite page in NumisWiki for Hendin 1152 varieties and other Widows Mite types.


Hendin 1155

Lead Tessera, Hendin 1155 (476), Meshorer TJC M, Meshorer AJC D, Jerusalem mint, 16mm, 3.77 g, Anchor / Traces of Paleo-Hebrew inscription King Alexander.

The Paleo-Hebrew inscription reads, from right to left, as follows:
MLK (King) A/LKSA/NDRO (Alexander).

Judean_kaf_1judean_lamed_3Judean_mah_2
Judean_tsad_4Judean_kaf_1judean_lamed_3
Aramaic_ayinJudean_rosh_3Judean_dalethJudean_nun_3






John Hyrcanus II (Yonatan), King 67 B.C., Ethnarch 63 - 40 B.C.

Judean_hey_1Judean_nun_3Judean_taw_1Judean_nun_3Judean_yad_4 - HNTNY - YNTNH - Yonatan

The "barbaric" inscription style is unique to coins of John Hyrcanus II.

Hendin 1159

Bronze prutah, Hendin 1159 (479), Meshorer TJC S, Meshorer AJC H, Jerusalem mint, 1.4g, 13mm, obverse Crude, blundered Paleo-Hebrew inscription: Yonatan the High Priest and the Council of the Jews, surrounded by wreath; reverse double cornucopia adorned with ribbons, pomegranate between horns.

Meshorer notes for this type (AJC H = Hendin 1159), "letter shapes are bizarre and the lines of script are not evenly followed...While on most specimens, the inscription is complete, some time must be devoted to locating all of the characters."

The blundered Paleo-Hebrew inscription reads, from right to left, as follows:
YNTN (Yonatan) H (the) / KHN (Priest) GDL ( high) W (and) / (HH)BR (council) Y/HDYM (Jews)

Judean_hey_1Judean_nun_3Judean_taw_1Judean_nun_3Judean_yad_4
Judean_waw_7Judean_lam_1Judean_dalethJudean_gimel_2 Judean_nun_3Judean_hey_1Judean_kaf_2
Judean_yad_4Judean_rosh_3 Judean_beyt_2 Judean_het_1
Judean_mah_2 Judean_yad_4Judean_dalethJudean_hey_1



Bronze prutah, Hendin 1159 (479), Meshorer TJC S, Meshorer AJC H, Jerusalem mint, weight 2.254g, maximum diameter 14.8mm, die axis 30o, obverse crude, blundered Paleo-Hebrew inscription: Yonatan the High Priest and the Council of the Jews, surrounded by wreath; reverse double cornucopia adorned with ribbons, pomegranate between horns.

The Paleo-Hebrew inscription reads, from right to left, as follows:
YNTN (Yonatan) / H (the) KHN (Priest) G[D]L ( high) / W (and) / (HH)BR (council) / YHD[Y]M (Jews)

Judean_nun_3Judean_taw_1Judean_nun_3Judean_yad_4
Judean_lam_1Judean_dalethJudean_gimel_2 Judean_nun_3Judean_hey_1Judean_kaf_2Judean_hey_1
Judean_rosh_3 Judean_beyt_2 Judean_het_1Judean_vau_2
Judean_mah_2 Judean_dalethJudean_hey_1Judean_yad_4



Hendin 1159a

Bronze prutah, Hendin 1159a (479A), Meshorer TJC S, Meshorer AJC H, Jerusalem mint, 2.38g, 13.3mm, 0, obverse blundered imitative of Hebrew inscription, Yonatan the High Priest and the Council of the Jews, crude and blundered, surrounded by wreath; reverse double cornucopia adorned with ribbons, pomegranate between horns.

The Paleo-Hebrew inscription is blundered but perhaps reads, from right to left, as follows:
[YHWNTN] Yehonatan / H (the) NH/K (Priest)...(blundered)

Judean_hey_1 Judean_kaf_1 Judean_hey_1
...Judean_kaf_2



Hendin 1161

Bronze prutah, Hendin 1161 (480), Meshorer TJC S, Meshorer AJC H, Jerusalem mint, 2.029g, 14.7mm, obverse completely illegible imitative of Hebrew inscription; reverse double cornucopia adorned with ribbons, pomegranate between horns.

Script nonsensical. Ancient Hebrew letters placed almost randomly. I have attached a drawing highlighting the clear letters to show the crudity of the script. Keep in mind that on no correctly written prutah should there ever be two letter Bet's Judean_beyt_3 as on this coin.