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RPC Online

Roman Provincial Coinage Online - http://rpc.ashmus.ox.ac.uk/

The aim of the Roman Provincial Coinage series is to produce a standard typology of the provincial coinage of the Roman Empire from its beginning in 44 BC to its end in AD 296/7.

The current Roman Provincial Coinage Online project is confined to the periods AD 138192 and AD 249254, but other periods will be put online in the future.

The database is based on the ten most important and accessible collections in the world, and on all published material. It comprises one of the largest collections of images and related inscriptions from the ancient world which is searchable by iconography, place, and time. The database contains information on 16,204 coin types, based on 60,766 specimens (23,678 of which have images).

Volume I From the death of Caesar to Vitellius (44 BCAD 69)

Volume II Vespasian to Domitian (AD 6996)

Volume III Nerva to Hadrian (AD 96138)

Volume IV  Antoninus Pius to Commodus (AD 138192) [with temporary numbers]

  1. Antoninus Pius (138161)
  2. Faustina I (138141, and later deification coins)
  3. Marcus Aurelius (139180)
  4. Faustina II (147175)
  5. Lucius Verus (161169)
  6. Lucilla (164169, and later)
  7. Commodus (175192)
  8. Crispina (178182?)

     IV.1 Antoninus Pius to Commodus (AD 138192): Cyrenaica to Bithynia-Pontus
     IV.2 Antoninus Pius to Commodus (AD 138192): Asia
     IV.3 Antoninus Pius to Commodus (AD 138192): Lycia-Pamphylia to Arabia
     IV.4 Antoninus Pius to Commodus (AD 138192): Egypt

Volume VI Elagabalus to Maximinus Thrax (AD 218238): Asia Minor and Egypt

Volume VII.1 Gordian I to Gordian III (AD 238244): province of Asia

Volume IX Trajan Decius to Uranius Antoninus (AD 249254)

  1. Trajan Decius (249251)
  2. Herennia Etruscilla (249251)
  3. Herennius Etruscus (251)
  4. Hostilian (251)
  5. Trebonianus Gallus (251253)
  6. Volusian (251253)
  7. Aemilian (253)
  8. Cornelia Supera (253)
  9. Uranius Antoninus (253254)
Consolidated Supplement 2015 [PDF]

Core Collection

Abbreviation - Collection
B - Berlin, Staatliche Museen
C - Cambridge, Fitzwilliam Museum
Cop - Copenhagen, Nationalmuseet
G - Glasgow, Hunterian Museum
L - London, British Museum
Mu - Munich, Staatliche Mnzsammlung
NY - New York, American Numismatic Society
O - Oxford, Ashmolean Museum
P - Paris, Bibliothque Nationale de France
V - Vienna, Kunsthistorisches Museum

Geographical Arrangement

The arrangement of the cities follows the pattern established in RPC I. They are arranged on a geographical and political basis, from west to east. The main sub-divisions are Roman provinces (and, in the case of Asia and Phrygia-Caria, conventus).

Catalogue Conventions

The inscriptions have been listed using the following conventions:

(  ) round brackets indicate minor variants; e.g. ΣΕΒ(ΑΣΤΟΣ) means that some coins have ΣΕΒ and others ΣΕΒΑΣΤΟΣ. Only where these dfferences seem significant have they been separated out into di erent catalogue entries. This convention reflects the fact that the legends on provincial coins were not as standardised as those from the mint of Rome. Variations of spelling are quite frequent, and in some cases virtually every die may have a slightly variant version. Round brackets () are also used in the description of the designs to denote a minor aspect of the design which may not be present on all coins;
[  ] square brackets indicate restorations of parts of the legends which cannot yet be read due to the poor preservation of surviving specimens;
__ an underline is used to denote ligatures in the legends.

Reference Abbreviations

AAthens, Numismatic Museum
AAArchologischer Anzeiger
Aarhus Aarhus, University Museum
ABSAAnnual of the British School at Athens
AEL'Anne pigraphique (Paris, from 1888)
AgMF. Imhoof-Blumer, 'Antike griechische Mnzen', RSN 19 (1913), pp. 5134
AgoraJ. H. Kroll and A. S. Walker, The Athenia Agora XXVI. The Greek Coins (Princeton, 1993)
AIIN Annali dell'Istituto Italiano di Numismatica
AJA American Journal of Archaeology
AJN American Journal of Numismatics
Akarca A. Akarca, Les monnaies grecques de Mylasa (Paris, 1959)
AMNG Die antiken Mnzen Nord-Griechenlands (ed. F. Imhoof-Blumer, Berlin, 18981935)
AN Acta Numismtica
Ankara Ankara, Museum of Anatolian Civilizations
Anokhin V. A. Anokhin, The Coinage of Chersonesus (Oxford, 1980)
Anokhin V. A. Anokhin, Монетное дело Боспора (Kiev, 1986)
Anokhin' V. A. Anokhin, Античные монеты Северного Причерноморья Antichnye monety Severnogo Prichernomor'ya (Kiev, 2011)
ANRW Aufstieg und Niedergang der rmischen Welt (Berlin and New York)
ANSMN American Numismatic Society Museum Notes (New York)
Aphrodisias D. J. MacDonald, Greek and Roman Coins from Aphrodisias (Oxford, 1976)
Archontidou-Argyri/Labarre A. Archontidou-Argyri and G. Labarre, 'Un trsor d'poque impriale Mytilne', RN 151 (1996), pp. 11940
Arslan M. Arslan, 'The Coinage of Ancyra in the Roman Period', in C. S. Lightfoot (ed.), Recent Turkish Coin Hoards and Numismatic Studies (Oxford, 1991), pp. 342 and pp. 3334
Arslan, Alexandria M. Arslan, 'A third century AD hoard of bronzes, principally of Alexandria Troas', in R. Ashton (ed.), Studies of Ancient Coinage from Turkey (London, 1996), pp. 435
Arslan/Lightfoot M. Arslan and C. S. Lightfoot, Greek Coin Hoards in Turkey: the Antalya Archaeological Museum and the C.S. Okray Collection: with additional material from the Burdur, Fethiye and Sinop Museums (Ankara, 1999)
ASFN Annuaire de la Socit franaise de Numismatique (Paris)
Augusta Traiana E. Schnert-Geiss, Die Mnzprgung von Augusta Traiana und Traianopolis (Berlin, 1991)
Ayvagediği hoard F. Rebuffat,'Le trsor d'Ayvagediği', in M. Amandry and G. Le Rider (eds), Trsors et circulation montaire en Anatolie antique (Paris, 1994), pp. 73118
B-I the second Imhoof-Blumer collection, acquired in 1928 by the Staatliche Museen zu Berlin (B)
Bab E. Babelon, Catalogue des monnaies grecques de la Bibliothque Nationale. Les Perses achmnides, les satrapes et les dynastes tributaires de leur empire, Chypre et Phnicie (Paris, 1893)
BACTHS Bulletin archologique du Comit des travaux historiques et scientifiques
Bakhoum S. Bakhoum, Dieux gyptiens Alexandrie sous les Antonins. Recherches numismatiques et historiques (Paris, 1999)
Baldus H. R. Baldus, Uranius Antoninus. Mnzprgung und Geschichte (Bonn, 1971)
Baldus I H. R. Baldus,'Die 'reformierten' Tetradrachmen des Uranius Antoninus im Lichte eines neuen Fundes. 1Mit Nachtrgen zur brigen Mnzprgung dieses 'Kaisers'', Chiron 5 (1975), pp. 44384
Baldus II H. R. Baldus, 'Neue Mnzen des Uranius Antoninus (Nachtrag II)', JNG 27 (1977), pp. 6974
Baldus III H. R. Baldus,'Neue Forschungen zu Uranius Antoninus und seinen Mnzen (Nachtrag III)', JNG 33 (1983), pp. 2940
Baldus IV H. R. Baldus,'Denare des Uranius Antoninus (Anhang: neue Aurei)', JNG 40 (1990), pp. 2934
Barth M. Barth,'Adramytteion', in J. Stauber (ed.), Die Bucht von Adramytteion, Teil II (Bonn, 1996), pp. 183241
Barth/Stauber M. B. Barth and J. Stauber, 'Die Mnzen von Perperene', EA 23 (1994), pp. 5982
Baydur N. Baydur, 'Die Mnzen von Attaleia in Pamphylien', JNG 25 (1975), pp. 3372 and JNG 26 (1976), pp. 3778
BCDPrivate Collection BCD
BCD CorinthLanz 105 (26 Nov. 2001), coll. BCD
BCH Bulletin de Correspondance Hellnique (Paris)
BEFARBibliothque des coles franaises d'Athnes et de Rome (Paris, Athens, Rome)
Bell, SardisH. W. Bell, Sardis, vol. XI: the Coins, 19101914 (Leyden, 1916)
Bellinger A. R. Bellinger, Troy. The Coins. Supplementary Monograph 2 (Princeton, 1961)
Bern Bern, Historisches Museum (including Righetti = B. Kapossy, SNG Schweiz II. Mnzen der Antike. Katalog der Sammlung Jean-Pierre Righetti im Bernischen Historischen Museum (1993))
Bizye J. Jurokova, Die Mnzprgung von Bizye (Berlin, 1981)
Bland R. Bland,'Six Hoards of Syrian Tetradrachms of the Third Century AD', NC 151 (1991), pp. 133
BMC British Museum Catalogue of Greek Coins (London, 18731927)
BMC Suppl. E. Christiansen, Coins of Alexandria and the Nomes: a Supplement to the British Museum Catalogue (London, 1991)
BMCRE Catalogue of Roman Coins in the British Museum (London, 192360)
Bo Bologna, Museo Civico
Bosporus hoards М. Г. Абрамзон, Н. Фролова, А. В. Куликов, Т.Н. Смекалова, О. А. Иванина, Клад античных монет, Том I (Kiev, 2006)
Boutin S. Boutin, Catalogue des monnaies grecques de l'ancienne collection Pozzi (Maastricht, 1979)
Br Brussels, Bibliothque Royale
BSFN Bulletin de la Socit Franaise de Numismatique (Paris)
Budapest Budapest, Magyar Nemzeti Mzeum
Caesarea Maritima Excavations J. DeRose Evans, The Coins, and the Hellenistic, Roman and Byzantine Economy of Palestine. Joint Expedition to Caesarea Maritima, Excavation Reports 6 (Boston, 2006)
CAH The Cambridge Ancient History (Cambridge)
Callu J.-P. Callu, La politique montaire des empereurs romains de 238 311 (Paris, 1969)
Calomino D. Calomino, Nicopolis d'Epiro. Nuovi studi sulla zecca e sulla produzione monetale (Oxford, 2011)
Capharnaum A. Spijkerman,'A hoard of Syrian tetradrachms and eastern antoniniani from Capharnaum', Studium Biblicum Franciscanum Liber Annuus IX (19589), pp. 283329
Casey J. Casey et al., Sinope. A Catalogue of the Greek, Roman and Byzantine Coins in Sinop Museum (Turkey) and related Historical and Numismatical Studies (London, 2010)
Castelin K. Castelin, The Coinage of Rhesaena in Mesopotamia, NNM 108 (New York, 1946)
Cavagna A. Cavagna, Provincia Dacia: I con (Milan, 2012)
Ceka H. Ceka, Probleme te Numismatikes Ilire (Tirana, 1965), pp. 11430
CENB Cercle d'tudes Numismatiques. Bulletin
CH Coin Hoards
Chadikostov A. Chadikostov, 'Neue Mnztypen von Augusta Traiana', in Festschrift Schnert-Geiss, pp. 1937
CIG Corpus Inscriptionum Graecarum
CIL Corpus Inscriptionum Latinarum (Berlin, from 1863)
izmeli Z. izmeli, Le monnayage de Nocsare et du koinon du Pont (Milan, 2006)
CMRDM E. Lane, Corpus Monumentorum Religionis Dei Menis, 2. The Coins and Gems (Leiden, 1975)
CNA Classical Numismatic Auctions
CNG Classical Numismatic Group
Coinage and Identity C. Howgego, V. Heuchert and A. Burnett (eds), Coinage and Identity in the Roman Provinces (Oxford, 2005)
Cologne Cologne, University, including Weiser = W. Weiser, Katalog der bithynischen Mnzen der Sammlung des Instituts fr Altertumskunde der Universitt zu Kln. Vol. 1. Nikaia (1983) and Corsten = T. Corsten, Vol. 2. Knige, Commune Bithyniae, Stdte (ausser Nikaia) (1996)
Cop Copenhagen, Danish National Museum (completely published in SNG, 194279, with Supplement by S. Schultz 2002)
Corsten T. Corsten, Katalog der bithynischen Mnzen der Sammlung des Instituts fr Altertumskunde der Universitt zu Kln. Vol. 2. Knige, Commune Bithyniae, Stdte (ausser Nikaia) (Opladen, 1996)
CRAI Comptes rendus des sances de l'Acadmie des Inscriptions et Belles-Lettres (Paris)
CRS K. Butcher, Coinage in Roman Syria. Northern Syria, 64 BCAD 253 (London, 2004)
Curtis J. W. Curtis, The Tetradrachms of Roman Egypt (Chicago, 1957, reprint with supplements New York, 1969)
D A. Dattari, Nummi Augg. Alexandrini III (Cairo, 190102)
Davis E. S. G. Robinson, SNG British Isles. I.2. Marischal College Aberdeen. The Newnham Davis Coins in the Wilson Collection of Classical and Eastern Antiquities (1936)
de Luynes J. Babelon, Catalogue de la collection de Luynes, Monnaies grecques, IIV (Paris, 192436); now in P
de Saulcy F. de Saulcy, Numismatique de la Terre Sainte (Paris, 1874)
Delepierre Delepierre Collection, now at the Bibliothque Nationale in Paris (P)
Delrieux F. Delrieux, Les monnaies des cits grecques de la basse valle de l'Harpasos en Carie (Bordeaux, 2008)
Demetrio F. Feuardent, Collections Giovanni di Demetrio. Numismatique. gypte ancienne. II. Domination romaine (Paris, 1872); now mostly in A
Devreker J. Devreker, 'Les monnaies de Pessinonte', in J. Devreker and M. Waelkens (eds), Les fouilles de la Rijksuniversiteit te Gent Pessinonte 19671973. Vol. I., Homage Peter Lambrechts (Brugge, 1984), pp. 173215
Dium Dium, Archaeological Museum
Draganov D. Draganov, 'The Bronze Coinage of Dionysopolis', NCirc 1997, pp. 3717
DS A. Savio, Catalogo completo della collezione Dattari: numi augg. alexandrini: 323 tavole con l'aggiunta di oltre 7000 monete rispetto al catalogo del 1901 (Trieste, 1999; second edition with supplementary material: 2007)
Dura Excavations A. Bellinger, Excavations at Dura-Europos, Final Report VI, The Coins (New Haven, 1949); some now in Yale and NY
EA Epigraphica Anatolica
Edwards K. M. Edwards, Corinth. Results of Excavations Conduced by the American School of Classical Studies at Athens, Vol. VI: The Coins 1896 1929 (Cambridge/Mass., 1933)
Ehling K. Ehling, Die Mnzprgung der mysischen Stadt Germe in der rmischen Kaiserzeit (Bonn, 2001)
Elaeusa-Sebaste F. Imhoof-Blumer, 'Elaiusa Sebaste', RSN 8 (1898), pp. 2440
Engelmann H. Engelmann, 'Eine Prgung des Ionischen Bundes', ZPE 9 (1972), pp. 18892
tudes L. Robert, tudes anatoliennes (Paris, 1937), pp. 33062
Evelpidis SNG Grce, Collection Rna H. Evelpidis I (1970), II (1975)
F Florence, Museo Archeologico
Fabretti A. Fabretti et al., Regio Museo di Torino, Monete greche (Turin, 1964)
Falghera R. Martini and N. Vismara, Monetazione Provinciale Romana. Collezione Winsemann Falghera IVI (Milan, 1992)
Festschrift Schnert-Geiss U. Peter (ed.), Stephanos nomismatikos. Edith Schnert-Geiss zum 65. Geburtstag (Berlin, 1998)
Fiorelli A. Fiorelli, Catalogo del Museo Nazionale di Napoli. Medagliere I. Monete Greche (Naples, 1870)
FM F. Imhoof-Blumer, 'Fluss- und Meergtter auf griechischen und rmischen Mnzen (Personifikationen der Gewsser)', RSN 23 (1923), pp. 173421
Fonds Robert F. Delrieux, Les monnaies du fonds Louis Robert (Paris, 2012)
Frschner G. Frschner, Die Mnzen der rmischen Kaiser in Alexandrien: die Bestnde des Mnzkabinetts (Frankfurt am Main, 1987)
Franke P. R. Franke, 'Zur Mnzprgung von Methymna', in H.G. Buchholz, Methymna, archologische Beitrge zur Topographie und Geschichte von Nordlesbos (Mainz am Rhein, 1975), pp. 16376
Franke, Tios P. R. Franke, 'Zur Chronologie der 'autonomen' Mnzen des bithynischen Tios', AA 1966, pp. 5867
Franke-Noll P. R. Franke and M. K. Noll, Die Homonoia-Mnzen Kleinasiens und der thrakischen Randgebiete I (Berlin, 1997)
Frolova N. A. Frolova, The Coinage of the Kingdom of Bosporus AD 242341/342 (Oxford, 1983)
Frolova N. A. Frolova, The Coinage of the Kingdom of Bosporus AD 69238 (Oxford, 1979)
G Glasgow, Hunterian Museum (G. MacDonald, Catalogue of Greek Coins in the Hunterian Collection, University of Glasgow, IIII (Glasgow, 18991905) and J. Goddard, SNG. Parts III. Roman Provincial Coins (Oxford, 20042007))
Geissen A. Geissen, Katalog Alexandrinischer Kaisermnzen der Sammlung des Instituts fr Altertumskunde der Universitt zu Kln IV (Opladen, 197482)
GIC C. Howgego, Greek Imperial Countermark. Studies in the Provincial Coinage of the Roman Empire (London, 1985)
Gillespie J.U. Gillespie, 'ΚΟΙΟΝ ΙΓ ΠΟΛΕΩΝ. A Study of the Coinage of the Ionian League ', RBN 102 (1956), pp. 3153; with addendum in J.U. Gillespie, 'Addendum', RBN 105 (1959), pp. 21113
GM F. Imhoof-Blumer, Griechische Mnzen (Munich, 1890)
Gnecchi F. Gnecchi, I Medaglioni Romani IIII (Milan, 1912)
Gotha Gotha (previously known also as Depositum Mnchen)
GRMK F. Imhoof-Blumer, Zur griechischen und rmischen Mnzkunde (Paris and Geneva, 1908) = RSN 13 (1905), pp. 161272 and 14 (1908), pp. 1211
H Hague (now Leiden, Penningkabinet)
Harl K. W. Harl,'The Coinage of Neapolis in Samaria', ANSMN 29 (1984), pp. 6197
Haymann F. Haymann, Untersuchungen zur Geschichte und Identittskonstruktion von Aigeai im rmischen Kilikien (20 v. 260 n. Chr.) (Bonn, 2014)
Hecht Hoard Y. Akyay,'Coins of the City of Perge in the "Hecht Hoard"', İstanbul Arkeoloji Mzeleri yıllığı (Annual of the Archaeological Museums of Istanbul) 134 (1966), pp. 24686
HN' B. V. Head, Historia Numorum (Oxford, second edition: 1911)
Hunter G. MacDonald, Catalogue of Greek Coins in the Hunterian Collection of Glasgow (Glasgow, 1901)
Hunter II A. S. Robinson, Roman Imperial Coins in the Hunter Coin Cabinet. II. Trajan to Commodus (London, 1971)
I Istanbul
I-B the first Imhoof-Blumer collection, acquired in 1900 by the Staatliche Museen Berlin (B)
Iasos W. Weiser, 'Zur Mnzprgung von Iasos, in W. Blmel (ed.), Die Inschriften von Iasos II (Bonn, 1985), pp. 17280
IK Inschriften griechischer Stdte aus Kleinasien (Bonn, 1972−)
ILS H. Dessau, Inscriptiones Latinae Selectae (Berlin, 18921916)
INJ Israel Numismatic Journal
JdAI Jahrbuch des deutschen archologischen Instituts
JEA Journal of Egyptian Archaeology
JHS The Journal of Hellenic Studies (London)
JIAN Journal International d'Archologie Numismatique (Athens, 18631923)
JNG Jahrbuch fr Numismatik und Geldgeschichte (Munich)
JAI Jahreshefte des sterreichischen Archologischen Instituts in Wien
Johnston A. Johnston, Greek Imperial Denominations, ca. 200275. A Study of the Roman Provincial Bronze Coinages of Asia Minor (London, 2007)
Johnston A. Johnston, 'Aphrodisias Reconsidered', NC 155 (1995), pp. 43100
Johnston, Aphrodisias A. Johnston,'Aphrodisias Reconsidered', NC 155 (1995), pp. 43100
Johnston, Sardis A. Johnston, The Greek coins, in T. Buttrey et al., Greek, Roman and Islamic Coins from Sardis, Archaeological Exploration of Sardis (Cambridge, MA, 1981), pp. 189.
JRS Journal of Roman Studies (London)
Jurukova J. Jurukova, Le monnayage des villes en Msie Infrieure et en Thrace pendant le IIe IIIe s. Hadrianopolis (Sofia, 1987)
Kadman I L. Kadman, Corpus Nummorum Palestinensium I, The Coins of Aelia Capitolina (Jerusalem, 1956)
Kadman II L. Kadman, Corpus Nummorum Palestinensium II, The Coins of Caesarea Maritima (Jerusalem, 1957)
Kadman IV L. Kadman, Corpus Nummorum Palestinensium IV, The Coins of Akko Ptolemais (Jerusalem, 1961)
Kadman, Aelia Capitolina L. Kadman, The Coins of Aelia Capitolina (Jerusalem, 1956)
Kadman, Caesarea Maritima L. Kadman, The Coinage of Caesarea Maritima (Jerusalem, 1957)
Kadman, Ptolemais L. Kadman, The Coinage of Akko Ptolemais (Jerusalem, 1961)
Kampmann U. Kampmann, Die Homonoia-Verbindungen der Stadt Pergamon (Saarbrcken, 1996)
Karanis R. A. Haatvedt and E. E. Peterson, Coins from Karanis: the University of Michigan excavations, 19241935 (Ann Arbor, 1964)
Karbach F.-B. Karbach,'Die Mnzprgung der Stadt Augusta in Kilikien, Teil 1', JNG 40 (1990), pp. 3568
Karbach, Augusta F.-B. Karbach, 'Die Mnzprgung der Stadt Augusta in Kilikien. Teil 1', JNG 40 (1990), pp. 3568
Karbach, Eirenopolis F.-B. Karbach, 'Die Mnzprgung der Stadt Eirenopolis in Ostkilikien', JNG 42/3 (1992/3), pp. 83145
Karwiese S. Karwiese, Die Mnzprgung von Ephesos (Vienna, 2012)
Karwiese S. Karwiese, [on the coinage of Ephesus] in RE Suppl. XII (1980), cols. 32963
Kaufmann/Stauber F.-M. Kaufmann and J. Stauber, 'Poimanenon bei Eski Manyas? Zeugnisse und Lokalisierung einer kaum bekannten Stadt', in Studien zum antiken Kleinasien II. Asia Minor Studien 8 (1992), pp. 4385
Keckman U. Westermark and R. Ashton, SNG Finland. The Erkki Keckman Collection in the Skopbank, Helsinki. Part 1: Karia (Helsinki, 1994), R. Ashton, Part II: Asia Minor except Karia (1999)
Kindler A. Kindler, The Coinage of Bostra (Warminster, 1983)
Kindler, Bostra A. Kindler, The Coinage of Bostra (Warminster, 1983)
Kindler, Geva A. Kindler, 'The Coins from Geva', in B. Mazar (ed.), Geva (1988), pp. 4367
Kindler, Tiberias A. Kindler, The Coins of Tiberias (1961)
Klose D. A. O. Klose, Die Mnzprgung von Smyrna in der rmischen Kaiserzeit (Berlin, 1987)
Klose, Smyrna D. A. O. Klose, Die Mnzprgung von Smyrna in der rmischen Kaiserzeit (Berlin, 1987)
KM F. Imhoof-Blumer, Kleinasiatische Mnzen (Vienna, 19012)
Khler-Osbahr R. Ziegler, R. Hauses, S. Schulze, R. H. Althoff, Sammlung Khler-Osbahr, Band III/3. Die Prgungen der kilikischen Stadt Anemurion (Duisburg, 2008)
Khler-Osbahr K. Martin, Sammlung Khler-Osbahr Bd.III/1. Griechische Mnzen und ihr Umfeld (Duisburg, 2003), coins now at Duisburg, Kultur- und Stadthistorisches Museum
Kolloquium J. Noll, B. Overbeck and P. Weiss (eds), Internationales Kolloquium zur kaiserzeitlichen Mnzprgung Kleinasiens. 27. 30. April 1994 in der Staatlichen Mnzsammlung Mnchen (Milan, 1997)
Kongress Berlin 1997 B. Kluge and B. Weisser (eds), XII. Internationaler Numismatischer Kongress Berlin 1997. Akten Proceedings (Berlin, 2000)
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Kubitschek W. Kubitschek, 'Ninica Claudiopolis', ZN 34 (1902), pp. 127
Leake Leake (partly published in SNG and W.M. Leake, Numismata Hellenica (London, 1856) with Supplement, 1859)
Lederer I P. Lederer, Neue Beitrge zur antiken Mnzkunde aus schweizerischen ffentlichen und privaten Sammlungen, RSN 30 (1943), pp. 1103.
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MCV Mlanges de la Casa de Velzquez
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MEFR Mlanges de l'cole Franaise de Rome
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Milan Milan, Civiche Raccolte
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NCirc Numismatic Circular, Spink
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NFA Numismatic Fine Arts
Nickle University of Calgary, The Nickle Arts Museum
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QT Numismatica e Antichit Classiche. Quaderni Ticinesi (Lugano)
RAN Revue Archologique de Narbonnaise
Rauch the two collections of von Rauch, acquired in 1853 and 1878 by the Staatliche Museen Berlin (B)
RBN Revue Belge de Numismatique (Brussels)
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Regling K. Regling, Die Mnzen von Priene (Berlin, 1927)
Regling, Nysa K. Regling, 'berblick ber die Mnzprgung von Nysa', in W. v. Diest, Nysa ad Maeandrum (= Jahrbuch des Kaiserlich Deutschen Archologischen Instituts, Ergngzungsheft 10, 1913), pp. 70103
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RHJA Private collection RHJA, London
RhM Rheinisches Museum (Cologne)
RIC The Roman Imperial Coinage (London, 1923)
Righetti B. Kapossy, SNG Schweiz II. Mnzen der Antike. Katalog der Sammlung Jean-Pierre Righetti im Bernischen Historischen Museum (1993)
RIN Rivista ltaliana di Numismatica (Milan)
RN Revue Numismatique (Paris)
Robert A. Dupont-Sommer and L. Robert, La Desse de Hirapolis Castabala (Cilicie) (Paris, 1964)
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Rogers E. Rogers, The Copper Coinage of Thessaly (London, 1932)
Rome Rome, Museo Nazionale Romano
Rosenberger M. Rosenberger, The Rosenberger Israel Collection IIII (Jerusalem, 197277); The Coinage of Eastern Palestine and Legionary Countermarks, Bar-Kochba Overstrucks (Jerusalem, 1978)
Rouvier J. Rouvier, 'Numismatique des Villes de la Phnicie', JIAN 3 (1900), pp. 12568 and 237312 (Aradus-Berytus); 4 (1901), pp. 3566 (Botrys, Gebal-Byblos, Caesarea-ad-Libanum); 4 (1901), pp. 12552 (Dora, Eboda, Marathus, Orthosia); 5 (1902), pp. 99134 and 22884 (Sidon); 6 (1903), pp. 1746 (Tripolis); 6 (1903), pp. 269332 (Tyre); 7 (1904), pp. 65108 Tyre, as a colony)
RPC CS P. P. Ripolls, A. Burnett, M. Amandry, I. Carradice, M. Spoerri Butcher, Roman Provincial Coinage. Consolidated Supplement IIII (19922015), RPC online (2015)
RPC I A. Burnett, M. Amandry, P. P. Ripolls, Roman Provincial Coinage I. From the death of Caesar to the death of Vitellius (44 BCAD 69) (London and Paris, 1992); reprinted 1998, 2006
RPC II A. Burnett, M. Amandry, I. Carradice, Roman Provincial Coinage II. From Vespasian to Domitian (AD 6996) (London and Paris, 1999)
RPC III M. Amandry, A. Burnett, in collaboration with J. Mairat, Roman Provincial Coinage III. From Nerva to Hadrian (AD 96138) (London and Paris, 2015)
RPC IX A. Hostein, J. Mairat, Roman Provincial Coinage IX. From Trajan Decius to Uranius Antoninus (AD 249254) (London and Paris, 2016)
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RPC Supp. 1 A. Burnett, M. Amandry, Roman Provincial Coinage. Supplement 1 (London and Paris, 1999)
RPC Supp. 2 A. Burnett, M. Amandry, I. Carradice, Roman Provincial Coinage. Supplement 2 (http://www.uv.es/~ripolles/rpc_s2, 2006)
RPC Supp. 3 M. Amandry, A. Burnett, I. Carradice, P. P. Ripolls, M. Spoerri Butcher, Roman Provincial Coinage. Supplement 3 (http://numismatics.org/Store/RPCS3, 2014)
RPC Supp. CS P. P. Ripolls, A. Burnett, M. Amandry, I. Carradice, M. Spoerri Butcher, Roman Provincial Coinage. Consolidated Supplement III (19922015) (http://rpc.ashmus.ox.ac.uk/supp/rpc_cons_supp_1-3.pdf)
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RSN Revue Suisse de Numismatique (Schweizerische Numismatische Rundschau)
Ruzicka, Pautalia L. Ruzicka, Die Mnzen von Pautalia (Sofia, 1933)
Ruzicka, Serdica L. Ruzicka, 'Die Mnzen von Serdica', ZfN 48 (1915), pp. 182
SACT R. Ashton (ed.), Studies in Ancient Coinage from Turkey (London, 1996)
SAN Journal of the Society for Ancient Numismatics
Sardis Excavations T. V. Buttrey, A. Johnston, K. M. MacKenzie, M. L. Bates, Greek, Roman and Islamic Coins from Sardis (Harvard, 1981)
Sardis Excavations A. Johnston, 'The Greek Coins', in T.V. Buttrey, A. Johnston, K.M. MacKenzie and M.L. Bates, Greek, Roman and Islamic Coins from Sardis (Harvard, 1981), pp. 189
Sardis Excavations (1910-14) H. W. Bell, Sardis. XI. Coins Part I (19101914) (Leiden, 1916)
Sawaya Z. Sawaya, Histoire de Brytos et d'Hliopolis d'aprs leurs monnaies, Ier s. av. IIIe s. ap. J.-C. (Beirut, 2009)
SBF Jerusalem, Studium Biblicum Franciscanum (part published by Spijkerman)
Sch. E. Schnert, Die Mnzprgung von Perinthos (Berlin, 1965)
Schefold, Bildnisse K. Schefold, Die Bildnisse der antiken Dichter, Redner und Denker (Basel, 1943)
Schnert E. Schnert-Geiss, Die Mnzprgung von Maroneia (Berlin, 1987)
Schnert, Perinth E. Schnert-Geiss, Die Mnzprgung von Perinthos (Berlin, 1965)
Schnert-Geiss, Maroneia E. Schnert-Geiss, Die Mnzprgung von Maroneia (Berlin, 1987)
Schnert‑Geiss, Byzantion E. Schnert‑Geiss, Die Mnzprgung von Byzantion, Teil 2: Kaiserzeit (Berlin, 1972)
Schultz S. Schultz, Die Mnzprgung von Magnesia am Mander in der rmischen Kaiserzeit (Berlin, 1975)
Schwertheim E. Schwertheim (ed.), Die Inschriften von Kyzikos und Umgebung. Teil II. Miletupolis (Bonn, 1983)
SEG Supplementum Epigraphicum Graecum (Amsterdam)
Seyrig H. Seyrig, 'Le Monnayage de Ptolmas in Phnicie', RN 1962, pp. 2550
Simpson Greek Imperials from the Simpson Collection', in A. Ramage (ed.), Emblems of Authority. Greek and Roman Coins from two Alumni Collections (Ithaca, 1994)
SM Schweizer Mnzbltter (Gazette Numismatique Suisse)
SNG Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum
SNG anakkale O. Tekin, S. Altınoluk, F. Krpe, SNG Turkey 3: anakkale Museum I: Roman Provincial Coins of Mysia, Troas, etc. (Istanbul, 2009).
SNG Davis SNG Great Britain volume I, part II (1936)
SNG Evelpidis SNG Grce, Collection Rna H. Evelpidis I (1970), II (1975)
SNG Keckman SNG Finland, The Erkki Keckman collection in the Skopbank, Helsinki, part 1: Caria (Helsinki, 1994); part 2: Asia Minor except Caria (Helsinki, 1999)
SNG Levante E. Levante, SNG Switzerland I. Levante. Cilicia (Bern, 1986); Supplement 1 (Bern, 1993)
SNG Lewis I. Carradice, Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum, volume VI, The Lewis Collection in Corpus Christi College, Cambridge, part II (Oxford, 1992)
SNG Leypold W. Szaivert, C. Daburon, SNG sterreich. Sammlung Leypold, Kleinasiatische Mnzen der Kaiserzeit. Vol. III (Vienna, 20002004)
SNG Pfalz J. Noll, SNG Deutschland. Pflzer Privatsammlungen IV. Pamphylien (Mnchen, 1992), V. Pisidien und Lykaonien (1999); R. Ziegler, VI. Isaurien und Kilikien (2001)
SNG vA von Aulock Collection (ex private collection; mostly published in SNG; some now in L)
SNR Schweizerische Numismatische Rundschau (Revue Suisse de Numismatique)
Sofaer Y. Meshorer, Coins of the Holy Land. The Abraham and Marian Sofaer Collection at the American Numismatic Society and the Israel Museum (New York, 2013)
Sofia Sofia, Archaeological Museum
Spijkerman A. Spijkerman, The Coins of the Decapolis and Provincia Arabia (Jerusalem, 1978)
St Stockholm, National Museum of Monetary History
Staffieri, Diocaesarea G. M. Staffieri, La monetazione di Diocaesarea in Cilicia (Lugano, 1985)
Staffieri, Olba G. M. Staffieri, La monetazione di Olba nella Cilicia Tracheia (Lugano, 1978)
Stauber J. Stauber, Die Bucht von Adramytteion (Bonn, 1996)
Stumpf G.R. Stumpf, Numismatische Studien zur Chronologie der rmischen Statthalter in Kleinasien, 122 v.Chr.163 n.Chr. (Saarbrcken, 1991)
Sv J. N. Svoronos, La numismatique de la Crte ancienne (Mcon, 1890)
Svoronos, Athens J. N. Svoronos, Les monnaies d' Athnes (Munich, 19236)
Svoronos, Delphi J. N. Svoronos, 'ΝΟΜΙΣΜΑΤΙΚΗ ΤΩΝ ΔΕΛΦΩΝ', BCH 20 (1896), pp. 4060
Sydenham E. A. Sydenham, The Coinage of Caesarea in Cappadocia (London, 1933), reprinted with a Supplement by A.G. Malloy (New York, 1978)
Szaivert W. Szaivert, Die Mnzprgung der Kaiser Marcus Aurelius, Lucius Verus und Commodus (161192) (Vienna, 1986)
T Turin, Museo Civico (published in Fabretti)
Tahberer B. Tahberer, Ancient Cilician Coins from the Collection of B. Tahberer (2014): https://independent.academia.edu/BekircanTahberer
Tahberer casts in the Levante documentation from K. Tahberer, SNG Turkey, Tahberer - Cilicia
Tarsus hoard A. M. Woodward,'A Hoard of Imperial Coins from Tarsus', NC 1925, pp. 20135
Temporini H. Temporini, 'Die Milesischen Mnzen der Jngeren Faustina. Zur Vorlage eines Ineditum der Tbinger Sammlung', in Praestant Interna. Festschrift fr Ulrich Hausmann (Tbingen, 1982), pp. 34963
Tnos I R. tienne and J.-B. Braun, Tnos I. Le Sanctuaire de Poseidon et d'Amphitrite (Athens, 1986)
Tnos II R. tienne, Tnos II. Tnos et les Cyclades (Athens, 1990)
Touratsoglou I. Touratsoglou, Die Mnzsttte von Thessaloniki in der rmischen Kaiserzeit (Berlin, 1988)
Traianopolis E. Schnert-Geiss, Die Mnzprgung von Augusta Traiana und Traianopolis (Berlin, 1991)
Troy Excavations A. R. Bellinger, 'Catalogue of the Troy Excavation Coins', in A. R. Bellinger, Troy. The Coins. Supplementary Monography 2 (Princeton, 1961), pp. 15483
Tbingen Tbingen University (part published in D. Mannsperger, SNG Deutschland. Universitt Tbingen. II. Taurische Chersones-Korkyra (1982), III. Akarnanien-Bithynien (1985), Mysien-Ionien (1989), V. Karien und Lydien (1994), VI. Phrygien-Kappadokien (1998)
Tyra A. N. Zograph, The Coinage of Tyra (Moscow, 1957, in Russian)
vA von Aulock Collection (ex private collection; mostly published in SNG; some now in L)
vA Aezani H. von Aulock, 'Zur Mnzprgung von Aezanoi', in R. Naumann (ed.), Der Zeustempel zu Aizanoi (Berlin, 1979), pp. 8294
vA Index P. R. Franke, W. Leschhorn and A. U. Stylow, SNG Deutschland, Sammlung von Aulock, Index (Berlin, 1981)
vA Kolbasa H. von Aulock,'Kleinasiatische Mnzsttten', JNG 19 (1969), pp. 7988
vA Komama H. von Aulock,'Kleinasiatische Mnzsttten', JNG 20 (1970), pp. 1519
vA Lykao. H. von Aulock, Mnzen und Stdte Lykaoniens (Tbingen, 1976)
vA Mopsos H. von Aulock,'Die Mnzprgung der kilikischen Stadt Mopsos', AA 1963, pp. 23178
vA Olbasa H. von Aulock, 'Kleinasiatische Mnzsttten VIII. Die rmische Kolonie Olbasa', JNG 21 (1971), pp. 1521
vA Parlais H. von Aulock, 'Kleinasiatische Mnzsttten X. Parlais in Pisidien', JNG 23 (1973), pp. 718
vA Phryg. H. von Aulock, Mnzen und Stdte Phrygiens III (Tbingen, 198087)
vA Phrygien H. von Aulock, Mnzen und Stdte Phrygiens III (Tbingen, 198087)
vA Pisid. H. von Aulock, Mnzen und Stdte Pisidiens III (Tbingen, 197779)
vA Pisidien H. von Aulock, Mnzen und Stdte Pisidiens III (Tbingen, 197779)
Vat Vatican, Biblioteca Apostolica
Voegtli, Heldenepen H. Voegtli, Bilder der Heldenepen in der kaiserzeitlichen griechischen Mnzprgung (Basel, 1977)
Voegtli, Stadtgrabung H. Voegtli, Die Fundmnzen aus der Stadtgrabung von Pergamon (Berlin, 1993)
von Fritze H. von Fritze, Die antiken Mnzen Mysiens (Berlin, 1913)
von Fritze, Ilion H. von Fritze, 'Die Mnzen von Ilion', in W. von Drpfeld (ed.), Troia und Ilion (Athens, 1902), pp. 477534
von Fritze, Mys. H. von Fritze, Die antiken Mnzen Mysiens (Berlin, 1913)
von Fritze, Pergamon H. von Fritze,'Die antiken Mnzen von Pergamon', Abhandlungen der Kniglich Preussischen Akademie der Wissenschaften, Philosophisch-Historische Classe (Berlin, 1910)
Wa E. Babelon, Inventaire sommaire de la collection Waddington (Paris, 1898); now mostly in P
Waage D. B. Waage, Antioch-on-the-Orontes, IV, Part Two: Greek, Roman, Byzantine and Crusaders' Coins (Princeton, 1952)
Weber L. Forrer, Descriptive Catalogue of the Collection of Greek Coins formed by Sir Hermann Weber (London, 19229)
Weber, ΧΑΡΙΤΕΣ L. Weber, 'Zur Mnzprgung des phrygischen Hierapolis', in ΧΑΡΙΤΕΣ. Friedrich Leo zum sechzigsten Geburtstag (Berlin, 1911), pp. 46690
Winsemann R. Martini and N. Vismara, Monetazione Provinciale Romana. Collezione Winsemann Falghera IVI (Milan, 1992)
Winterthur Winterthur, Mnzkabinett
Yale Yale University Art Gallery (the numismatic collection is currently housed in the Sterling Memorial Library)
Yapı Kredi O. Tekin, Grek ve Roma sikkeleri: Yapı Kredi koleksiyonu (Greek and Roman coins: the Yapı Kredi collection) (Istanbul, 1994)
Zeugma hoard M. nal, Zeugma Tetradrahmi definesi (Gaziantep, 2008)
ZfN Zeitschrift fr Numismatik (Berlin)
Ziegler R. Ziegler, Mnzen Kilikiens aus kleineren deutschen Sammlungen (Mnchen, 1988)
Ziegler, Anazarbos R. Ziegler, Kaiser, Heer und stdtisches Geld. Untersuchungen zur Mnzprgung von Anazarbos und anderer ostkilikischer Stdte (Vienna, 1993)
Ziegler, Prestige R. Ziegler, Stdtisches Prestige und kaiserliche Politik, Studien zum Festwesen in Ostkilikien im 2. und 3. Jahrhundert n. Chr (Dsseldorf, 1985)
ZPE Zeitschrift fr Papyrologie und Epigraphik (Bonn)
Zwicker U. Zwicker, Griechische Mnzen: Griechenland, gis, Pontus, Paphlagonien und Bithynien: Sammlung Zwicker, Teil 2 (Erlangen, 1996); Antike Mnzen aus Kleinasien (Mysien bis Pisidien) Sammlung Zwicker, Teil 3 (Erlangen, 1996); Antike Mnzen (Lycaonia bis Parther) Sammlung Zwicker, Teil 4 (Erlangen, 1997)

Person List

Abgar VIII
Aelius and Sabina
Annia Aurelia Faustina
Antoninus Pius
Augustus (under Hadrian)
Augustus (under Trajan)
Caecilia Paulina
Caracalla or Elagabalus (?)
Commodus and Crispinia
Cornelia Supera
Cotys II
Cotys III
Decius and Etruscilla
Decius and Etruscus
Decius, Etruscilla and Etruscus
Decius, Etruscilla, Etruscus and Hostilian
Decius, Etruscus and Hostilian
Diva Paulina
Elagabalus and Annia Faustina
Elagabalus and Julia Cornelia Paula
Elagabalus and Julia Maesa
Elagabalus and Severus Alexander
Etruscus and Hostilian
Etruscus or Hostilian
Faustina I
Faustina II
Gallus and Volusian
Gordian I
Gordian II
Gordian III
Gordian III and Tranquillina
Hadrian and Aelius
Hadrian and Antoninus Pius
Hadrian and Sabina
Hadrian, Aelius and Sabina
Julia Aquilia Severa
Julia Cornelia Paula
Julia Maesa
Julia Mamaea
Julia Soaemias
Livia (under Trajan)
Lucius Verus
Lucius Verus and Marcus Aurelius
Marcus Aurelius
Maximinus and Diva Paulina
Maximinus and Maximus
Ma"nu VIII
Nerva (under Trajan)
Nerva and Trajan
Otacilia Severa
Philip I
Philip I and Otacilia Severa
Philip I and Philip II
Philip II
Plotina and Marciana
Plotina and Matidia
Pupienus, Balbinus and Gordian III
Rhescuporis II-III
Rhescuporis III-IV
Rhescuporis V
Sallustia Orbiana
Sauromates I
Sauromates II
Sauromates III
Septimius Severus
Severus Alexander
Severus Alexander and Julia Maesa
Severus Alexander and Julia Mamaea
Trajan (under Hadrian)
Trajan and Plotina
Trajan, Plotina and Marciana
Uranius Antoninus

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