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Quaestores Provinciales



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Quaestors Provinciales. - The quaestors of provinces accompanied the proconsuls and propraetors to the appointed seats of provincial government, as superintendents over that department through which provisions and money were supplied to the soldiers - or (in modern phraseology to express it) as heads of the commissariat. If it happened that a governor left his province before the arrival of his successor, the quaestor performed his functions during the interval.  Under such circumstances the quaestor was called Quaestor Propraetor (as inscribed marbles show) or Quaestor Proconsule, as is read on a denarius (quoted by Spanheim) M. SILANVS AVG. Q. PROCOS. - Quaestors went our from Rome to the provinces, by authority of a senatus consultum; and when money was struck in those provinces. "there is no doubt (says Eckhel) but that the care and mastership of the provincial mint devolved in the quaestors.  The words of Cicero (in epistola ad Plancum) expressly confirms this fact that the same kind of services were performed by the Quaestors Provinciales, that constituted the duties of the monetal triumvirs at Rome.  For either they inscribed their names alone, or those of the proconsul or the propraetor with whom they were sent to the province, or the name of the quaestor was joined to that of the proconsul.  Of this an example is offered on coins from the moneyer Annia, on one side of which appears C. ANNIVA PROCOS., on the other Q. TARQVITI. Quaestor."

 The curule chair was not included amongst the privileged distinctions of the quaestor, unless the individual himself had been preconsul. - They had the fasces and indeed the lictors in the provinces, but without the axes.  Vaillant, in his Colonies, shows the quaestor provincialis on coins from the moneyer Antioia - also an example of two quaestors under one and the same proconsulPart of the quaestor's office was the importation of wheat from the corn-growing provinces to Rome and other parts of Italy.


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