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Plautilla, Augusta 202 - 22 January 205 A.D., Wife of Caracalla
Plautilla was the daughter of the immensely wealthy and powerful Praetorian Prefect Plautianus. She was married to Caracalla in 202 A.D., to both partners' mutual disgust. Their hatred for one another was so intense that they lived in different palaces and the marriage was likely never consummated. After the fall and execution of her father in 205, Plautilla was exiled to the Lipari islands. After seven years of suffering, Caracalla had her executed in 212 A.D.
Also see ERIC - Plautilla.
Banti, A. & L. Simonetti. Corpus Nummorum Romanorum. (Florence, 1972-1979).
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Sear, D. Roman Coins and Their Values, Vol. II: The Accession of Nerva to the Overthrow of the Severan Dynasty AD 96 - AD 235. (London, 2002).
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Based on a discussion board post by Potator II - https://www.forumancientcoins.com/board/index.php?topic=59225.msg368569#msg368569.
Plautilla's Rome mint denarii used two obverse legends: PLAVTILLAE AVGVSTAE (a) in 202, and PLAVTILLA AVGVSTA (b) soon after.
There are five main portrait types for Plautilla's denarii at the Rome mint in the short period they were issued (from AD 202 to 205). All are draped busts right.
A - A juvenile girl, hair coiled in horizontal ridges and fastened in bun in high on the back of her head.
B - A young woman (usually attractive), hair coiled in vertical ridges, with bun low on the back of her head.
C - A thinner face (sometimes stern), hair in vertical ridges, no bun, braid loop on the back of her neck.
D - Face similar to C, but hair in waves (no ridges), right ear showing
E - Face similar to C, mid-length hair in waves (no ridges), covering her ears
And also there are seven different reverses.
1 - CONCORDIAE AETERNAE
2 - PROPAGO IMPERI
3 - CONCORDIA AVGG
4 - CONCORDIA FELIX
5 - PIETAS AVGG
6 - VENVS VICTRIX
7 - DIANA LVCIFERA
Not every combination exists, but some of the above reverses can be shared by several obverse portraits. This means that some combinations are rarer than others (one can find my conclusions about this in a study I published, either in the review OMNI and HERE (in french, I’m afraid)) describing the fourteen different types known today. I’m proud to tell they are now all fourteen in my collection.
Please add updates or make corrections to the NumisWiki text version as appropriate.
PLAUTILLA (Justa Fulvia) Daughter of the enormously rich Plautianus, and the unhappy wife of the cruel