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Index Of All Titles


BEST OF

Alexander Tetradrachms
Ancient Coin Collecting 101
Ancient Coins & Modern Fakes
Ancient Counterfeits
Ancient Glass
Ancient Weapons
Ancient Wages and Prices
Ancient Weights and Scales
Anonymous Folles
Anonymous Follis
Anonymous Class A Folles
Armenian Numismatics Page
Brockage
Byzantine
Byzantine Denominations
A Cabinet of Greek Coins
A Case of Counterfeits
Clashed Dies
Coins of Pontius Pilate
Conditions of Manufacture
Countermarked in Late Antiquity
Denomination
Dictionary of Roman Coins
Doug Smith's Ancient Coins
Edict on Prices
ERIC
Facing Portrait of Augustus
Fel Temp Reparatio
Fertility Pregnancy and Childbirth
Fibula
Flavian
Fourree
Friend or Foe
Greek Alphabet
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Hellenistic Names & their Meanings
Helvetica's ID Help Page
Historia Numorum
Illustrated Ancient Coin Glossary
Koson
Latin Plurals
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Library of Ancient Coinage
Life in Ancient Rome
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Military Belts
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Not in RIC
Numismatic Bulgarian
Numismatic Excellence Award
Numismatic French
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Numismatic Spanish
Parthian Coins
Patina
Paleo-Hebrew Alphabet
Phoenician Alphabet
Pi-Style Athens Tetradrachms
Pricing and Grading Roman Coins
Roman Coin Attribution 101
Roman Mints
Roman Names
romancoin.info
Scarabs
Serdi Celts
Serrated
Siglos
Silver Content of Parthian Drachms
Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum
Syracusian Folles
The Evolving Ancient Coin Market
The Sign that Changed the World
The Temple Tax Hoard
Travels of Paul
Tribute Penny
Tribute Penny Debate Continued (2015)
Tribute Penny Debate Revisited (2006)
Tyrian Shekels
What I Like About Ancient Coins
Widow's Mite

Italian numismatic terms and abbreviations

a.C. (avanti Cristo) - B.C.
accollati - jugate
accanto (m) - near, on the side, next to
a d. - to right, facing right
alata - winged
ali (le ali) - wings (the wings)
alzata (f) - raised
anche - also
androcefalo - man headed
androprosopo - man faced
ape - bee
aplustre - aphlaston appoggiato (m) - leaning (for example shield resting/leaning against throne)
aquila - eagle
arco - bow
ariete - ram
a s. - to left, facing left
aquila - eagle

barbuto - bearded
basso - below (in basso - in exergue)
becco - beak
bilancia - scales
bocca - mouth
bolle di fusione - casting bubbles
bordo perlinato - border of dots
brandisce - holds

campo - field
canna - reed
capovolto (m), capovolta (f) - upside down
cavaliere - horseman
cavallo - horse
cerchietti - annulets
chicco (di orzo) - (barley) grain
cinghiale - boar
civetta - owl
clava - club
collo - neck
con - with
conchiglia - shell
coniato - minted
conio - die
conj, conii - dies
conocchia - distaff
contorno - border
cortorno perlinato - beaded (dot) border
coperta (f) - covered
corazza - armor
corona (di alloro) - (laurel) wreath
cozzante - butting
croce - cross

d.  destra - right
d'alloro - of laurel
da - by (with)
davanti - in front
d.C. (dopo Cristo) - A.D.
delfino - dolphin
destra - right
di - of
di fronte - in front
dietro - behind
dimensioni - size
diritto (D.)- obverse
doppio - double

e - and
elmata - wearing helmet
elmo - helmet
esemplare - specimen

falso - fake
foglia - leaf
foglie - leaves
fronte - front
fulmine (alato) - (winged) thunderbolt
fuso - distaff
fuso, fusa - cast

G.B. - gran bronzo - sestertius
gira - turns (concerning heads)
ghirlanda - garland (wreath)
globetti - pellets
gomito - elbow
gran bronzo - sestertius
granchio - crab
grappolo d'uva - bunch of grapes
guanciale perrucca - Egyptian bag wig
guarda - looking
gufo - owl

in piedi - standing
incoronante (che incorona) - crowning
incoronato - crowned
inginocchiato - kneeling
invece - instead

lancia - spear
laureata - wreathedlegg. - legend
legg. simile - legend similar
leone - lion
lotta con - fights
luna bicorne - crescent moon

M.B. - medio bronzo - dupondius or as
mantello - cloak
mano - hand
medio bronzo (M.B.) - dupondius or as
medaglione - medal
mezzo - half
mistura - billon
monetazione - coinage
monete (antiche) - (ancient) coins
montone - ram

nel - in
nel campo - in the field
nuda (f), nudo (m) - naked

ornato - adorned (decorated)

papaveri - poppies
P.B. - piccolo bronzo - small bronze (smaller than an as)
pelle - skin
perlinato - dotted
pesce - fish
peso - weight
pettine di conchiglia - scallop shell
petto - chest
piccolo bronzo (P.B) - small bronze (smaller than an as)
piedi (in piedi) - standing
pieghe - coil (snake)
piombo (p.) - lead
posata a terra - on the ground
posto - placed, seated
prospetto - front (facing)
protome - forepart

quadrato incuso - incuse square

rami - branches
redini - reigns
regge - holding
retrospiciente - looking back (used for the bull of Sybaris)
ripiena (f) - filled (cornucopia)
riposa - rests
ritoccata - tooled
roccie - rocks
rovescio - reverse

s.  sinistra - left
scettro - scepter
schienale - back of the seat or throne
scudo - shield
sdraiata (f) - reclining
seduto (m), seduta (f) - seated
seduto su trono - seated on throne
seduto su trono sullo schienale - seated on throne with back
segno di valore - mark of value
senza - without
sigla di zecca - mint mark
sulla - on
simile - similar
sinistra - left
solamente - alone, only
solleva - raises (concerning Spes raising a fold of the dress)
sopra - above
spada - sword
spalla - shoulder
spiegate - spread (wings)
spighe di grano - ears of grain
spighe di orzo - ears of barley
stante - standing
strangolante (che strangola) - strangling
stella(e) - star(s)

terra - ground
testa - head
testa nuda - bare-headed
tiene nella - holds in
timone - rudder, tiller
tondello - blank, flan
tonno - tunny fish
toro - bull
tra - between
trono - throne

Vangelo - Gospels
veduto di dorso - seen from behind
vite - vine
vittoria alata - nikevelato - veiled
veste - wearing
veste lorica - cuirassed
veste palud. - draped

zecca - mint

Grading

D- discreto - G - Good
B - bello - VG - Very Good
MB - molto bello - F - Fine
BB - bellissimo - VF to EF - Very Fine to Extremely Find
SPL - splendido - EF to UNC - Extremely Fine to uncirculated
FDC - fior di conio - uncirulated mint state

Rarity

comune (C) - common
scarso (S) - scarce
raro (R, R1)- rare
molto raro - very rare
rarissimo (RR, R2) - very rare
rarissimo (RRR, R3)- extremely rare