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Index Of All Titles


BEST OF

Alexander Tetradrachms
Ancient Coin Collecting 101
Ancient Coin Dates
Ancient Coins & Modern Fakes
Ancient Counterfeits
Ancient Glass
Ancient Oil Lamps
Ancient Weapons
Ancient Wages and Prices
Ancient Weights and Scales
Anonymous Folles
Anonymous Follis
Anonymous Class A Folles
Antioch Officinae
Aphlaston
Armenian Numismatics Page
Brockage
Byzantine
Byzantine Denominations
A Cabinet of Greek Coins
Caesarean and Actian Eras
Campgates of Constantine
A Case of Counterfeits
Clashed Dies
Coins of Pontius Pilate
Conditions of Manufacture
Corinth Coins and Cults
Countermarked in Late Antiquity
Damnatio Coinage
Damnatio Memoriae
Denomination
Denarii of Otho
Diameter
Dictionary of Roman Coins
Doug Smith's Ancient Coins
Edict on Prices
ERIC
Facing Portrait of Augustus
Fel Temp Reparatio
Fertility Pregnancy and Childbirth
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Fourree
Friend or Foe
Greek Alphabet
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Greek Numismatic Dictionary
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Historia Numorum
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Illustrated Ancient Coin Glossary
Koson
Kushan Coins
Imperial Mints of Philip the Arab
Latin Plurals
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Library of Ancient Coinage
Life in Ancient Rome
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Military Belts
Mint Marks
Monogram
Nabataean Numerals
Not in RIC
Numismatic Bulgarian
Numismatic Excellence Award
Numismatic French
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Parthian Coins
Patina
Paleo-Hebrew Alphabet
Phoenician Alphabet
Pi-Style Athens Tetradrachms
Pricing and Grading Roman Coins
Representaions of Alexander the Great
Roman Coin Attribution 101
Roman Militaria
Roman Mints
Roman Names
romancoin.info
Rome and China
Scarabs
Serdi Celts
Serrated
Siglos
Silver Content of Parthian Drachms
Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum
Syracusian Folles
The Age of Gallienus
The Evolving Ancient Coin Market
The Sign that Changed the World
The Temple Tax Hoard
Travels of Paul
Tribute Penny
Tribute Penny Debate Continued (2015)
Tribute Penny Debate Revisited (2006)
Tyrian Shekels
What Did The Julio Claudians Really Look Like?
What I Like About Ancient Coins
Widow's Mite

German numismatic terms and abbreviations

aber - but
Abkürzungen - abbreviations
abwärts - down (upside down)
Abweichungen - deviations (varieties)
achtel - one-eighth
Adler - eagle
Androkephaler Stier - man-faced bull
Ähre - wheatear
Ährenkranz - wreath of wheat ears
allen - all
auf - on
Anfang - start or beginning
antike - ancient
aufwärts - upwards
ausgebreiteten - spread (wings)

bärtig - bearded
bart - beard
belorbeerte - laureate
Beschreibung - description
bis - to
Biene - bee
beiden - two
Beizeichen - mintmark
blickend - looking
Blitzbündel - thunderbolt
Bloße - only
Blume - flower
Blumenkreuz - flower cross
Bogen - bow
Br. - bust (Brustbild)
Brustbild - bust
Buchstabe - letter'
Bz. - Beizeichen - mintmark

dahinter - behind
Datum - date
dem - the
desgl. - ditto, same (desgleichen)
dgl. - ditto, same (desgleichen)
Die - the
Dieselben - the same
Dreizackspitze - trident head
Doppelfüllhorn - double cornucopia
Dreifuß - tripod
Dreizack - trident
drittel - one third
drei - three

ebd. - ibid
ebenso - ditto
Eidechse - lizard
Efeublatt - ivy leaf
Efeukranz - wreath of ivy leaves
einfachem - single
(mit) eingerollten Haaren - curled (rolled) hair
einteiligem - one-piece
einem - a (one)
erhoben - raised

Fackel - torch
Falke - falcon
Feld - field
Felsen - rock
flatterndem - fluttering (cloak flying behind)
Flossgott - river god.
Flügeln - wings
frühes - early; other forms früh, frühe, früher, etc.
Frühjahr - spring
Füße - feet
Füllhorn - cornucopia
Fuss - foot

Gallien - Gaul
Giebelfeld - gabel
geflügelt - winged
geöffneten - open
gepanzerte - armored/cuirassed
geschlungen - looped
gesenkten - lowered
Gestalt - figure
Getreideähre - ear of grain
Gewand - garment
gewandbuste - draped bust
gewendet (Kopf nach hinten gewendet) - turned (head turned back) also 'gewandt'
gewunden - wound (coiled)
Gleich - same (same as above)

Haare - hair
Halb - half
Halbiertes - halved
halbnackt - half naked
Hälfte - half (2. Hälfte - 2nd half of the year)
Halskette - necklace
hält - holds
haltend - holding
Hase - hare
heilige - saint
Helm - helmet
Herbst - autumn, fall
hl. - heilige - saint
Hs. - obverse (Hauptseite)
Hüften - hips

ihm - him or it
im - in
in der vorg. R. - in the extended right (hand)
innen - inside

J. - Jahr - year
Jagdhund - hound
Jahr - year
Jahren - years
Jahrgang - year
Jahreshälfte - half year
Jahreszahl - date
Jahrhundert - century

Kaninchen - rabbit
kauernd - cowering (preparing to pounce)
kein - no, none, not any
Kerykeion - caduceus
keule - club
Kleinasien - Asia Minor
Korymben - berry bunches
Kopf - head
kopfüber - head-first (head down)
Kranz - wreath
Kreis - circle
Krieger - warrior (soldier)

l. - left (links)
L. - laurel wreath (Lorbeerkranz)
lang - long
Lanze - lance/spear
laufend - running
Linien - lines
links - left
Linkskopf - head left
Lorbeerkranz - laurel wreath
Löwe - lion
Löwenfell - lion skin

m. - with (mit)
M. - cloak (Mantel)
M.S. - my collection (Meine Sammlung)
Mannes - Man
männlich - male
Mantel - cloak (paludamentum)
Maus - mouse
mit - with
Mittel - middle, central
Mittelerz - an old expression for middle bronzes (dupondii and asses)
Mohn - poppy
Mondsichel - crescent moon
mücke - mosquito
Münzen - coins
Münzzeichen - mintmark
mzz. - mintmark (Münzzeichen)


nach - after or to, towards (see below)
nach links - to left or facing left
nach rechts - to right or facing right
nach unten - downward
n. l. - facing left or to left (nach links)
n. r. - facing right or to right (nach rechts)
Nackt - naked
Nashorn - rhinoceros
neben - beside (next to)
Nicht-königliche - non-royal
Nicht publiziert - not published
Nilpferd - hippo

Oder - or
Offizinnummer - officina number
ohne - without
ohne Trennung - without break (legend)
ohranhänger - earring
Östliches - Eastern

P. - cuirass (Panzer)
palmzweig - palm frond
Panzer - armor (cuirass)
Perlkreis - border of dots
Pfeile - arrows
Pferd - horse
Prägung(-en (pl.)) - coinage
Punkt - point (pellet or dot)

r. - right (rechts)
R. - reverse (reverse)
rechts - right
Reiter - rider (horseman)
Revers - reverse
Römer - Roman (noun)
römisch - Roman (adjective)
römische Münzen - Roman coins
Rücken gesehen - back seen (bust from behind)
Ruder - rudder
Rs. - reverse

Sammlung - collection
Säule - column
Schakal - jackel
Schale - patera
Scheibe - disc
Schiffsvordertheil- Ship prow
Schild - shield
Schilf - reeds
Schlange - snake
Schleier - veil
Schöpfkelle - ladle (simpulum)
schnabel - bird's beak
Schulter - shoulder
sechzehntel - one sixteenth
schräg - obliquely
sitzt - sits
sitzend - sitting
Slg. - collection
spätes - late
Spätmittelalter - Late Middle Ages
sprengend - galloping
st. - specimen (stück)
stab - rod
stadtgottheit - city goddess
Stempelgleich - Countermark
Steuer - rudder
stiefeln - boots
Strahlenkranz - radiate crown or halo (nimbus)
stehend - standing
Stern - star
Stier - bull
Strahlenkrone - radiate crown
Szepter - scepter

teilweise - sometimes
teilweise auf der l. - in part on the left (slight drapery only on the left shoulder)
Thron - throne
thronend - enthroned
Tisch - table
trägt - carries, bears

über - over
umgewandt - turned around (usually, referring to head turned back)
umwickelt - wraps around
und - and

V. or Vs. - Vorderseite - obverse
vergleichen - compare with (cf.)
verschleierter - veiled
verzierte - decorated, ornamented
vgl. - see (cf., compare with)
Vierbeiniger Tisch - four legged table
vierundzwanzigstel - 1/24th
viertel - one quarter
vom Rücken gesehen - seen from behind
von - of
von hinten gesehen - seen from behind
vor - before
vorn - in front
Vorderseite - obverse
vorderseitenstempel - obverse die

Waage - scales
Wappen - coat of arms
weibliche - female
weiterer - another
wie (genauso wie) - as (same as)
wie vorher - as before (same as the coin above)
wie zuvor (genauso wie die Münze zuvor) - as before (same as the coin above)
Weintraube - bunch of grapes

Zepter - see Szepter
Zügel - reins
zweiunddreißigstel - 1/32nd
zwölftel - one-twelfth
Zweig - branch
Zwischen - between

Bust terms and abbreviations

bärtigen - bearded
beiden - two
Brust - bust
Br. - bust (Brustbild)
die - the
ebenso - ditto
Gewand - draped (garment)
l. - left (links)
Kopf - head
K. - head (Kopf)
Krone - radiate (crown)
L. - laurel wreath (Lorbeerkranz)
m. - with (mit)
M. - draped (Mantel)
r. - right (rechts)
P. - cuirass (Panzer)
und - and

Samples:
Br. m. L. P. M.  r. - laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right.
Kopf. m. L. r. - laureate head right.
K. m. L. r. - laureate head right.
Brust mit Gerwand r. - bare-headed, draped bust right.
Kopf r. - bare head right.

Grading

gut = G - good
sge. - sehr gut = VG - very good
s. - schön = F - fine
s.s. - sehr schön = VF - very fine
s. sch. - sehr schön = VF - very fine
g. ss. - gutes sehr schön - good very fine
Vorz. erh. - vorzüglich erhalten = EF - extremely fine
vz. - vorzüglich = EF - extremely fine
vz.-st. - vorzüglich - stempelglanz = EF, with luster
bf. - bankfrisch = UNC - uncirculated
P.P. - polierte platte = proof
st. - Stempelglanz = with luster
ea. - Erstabschlag = first struck
stgl. - FDC (stempelglanz)

ausgesprochen - bold
dezentriert - off center
Dunkle Tönung - dark toning
fast - almost
gelocht - holed
gereinigt - cleaned
getont - toned
Henkelspur - ex jewelry
Hornsilberauflage - Horn silver (thick black silver oxides)
Kratzer - scratched
Korrosionsp. - corrosion marks/pitting
Korrosionsspuren - traces of corrosion
leicht - slightly
Leichete Tönung - light toning
poliert, aufpoliert - polished
porös - porous
Prägeschwächen - weak strike
Reinigungsp. - cleaning marks
subärat - plated
verschmutzt - dirty
zaponiert - lacquered
zentriert - centered

Rarity

knapp (better 'nicht häufig') - scarce
LP - Liebhaberpreis ("fancy price" - no price given due to rarity)
sehr selten - very rare
selten - rare

Also see: http://www.muenzen-hardelt.de/dic/diction1.html