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Geto-Dacian Fibulae

Geto-Dacian La Tene Fibula

Typology: fibula, one-piece construction fibula, La Tene fibula

Description: A family of La Tene I fibulae found in the lower Danube region and belonging to the Geto-Dacian cultures.  The consist of a short unilateral (the loops are only to one side of the bow) spring, a fairly high arch which ends in a sharp bend, and a high foot ending in a button or knob.  The pin-rest, usually fairly short, is located where the bow and foot meet. Several variations are described by Vlad Vintila Zirra in Bemerkungen zu den Thrako-Getischen Fibeln.

Type I:  Straight foot with a round, faceted, or mushroom shaped knob at the end.

Variations: a) thin bow, short foot; b) thin bow, long foot, c) thick round bow, d) thick faceted bow.

Type II: Straight foot that swells at the end to widen into an inverse cone.

Variations: a) thin bow, b) thick round bow, c) thick faceted bow.

Type III: S-bend in the foot, which ends in a knob.

Variations: a1) thin bow, a2) thicker bow, b) very thick round bow, c) very thick faceted bow, d) wide "leech" bow.

Dating: The form of the foot, and therefore Type, have no bearing on the date.  However, the form of the bow (thus the variation) does.  Thin bow variations date circa 350 - 300 BC.  Thick round bow date circa 310 - 265 BC.  Thick faceted bows, and the "leech" bow, date circa 300 - 240 BC.

Distribution: Geto-Dacian La Tene fibula are found in the lower Danube region (Romania and northern Bulgaria).

 

Image: Three different views of a small Geto-Dacian broochsize: 33,5x13,5x5,5mm, weight: 3,39g.  This example has an S-bend in the foot and has a wide thick (leech shaped) bow.  It is therefore Type IIId and dates to circa 300 - 240 BC.  (Quadrans Collection)

Dacian Molded Bow Fibula



References

Kostrzewski, J. Die ostgermanische Kultur der Spätlatenezeit. (Leipzig, 1919).
Zirra, V. Bemerkungen zu trako-getischen Fibeln. (2000). Available Online

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