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GLORIA EXERCITVS, with soldiers armed with spears and shields, standing on each side of a labarum, or two military ensigns. On coins of Christian emperors the labarum bears the monogram of Christ. This legend and type are common on the coins of Constantine the Great, Delmatius, Constantine II, Constans, and Constantius II. They are regarded as bearing reference to the bravery and fortitude of the soldiers in subduing the barbarous tribes, especially those of Francia and Alamannia.
GLORIA EXERCITVS.----Two soldiers with a tripod between them.----See DELMATIUS, p. 315.----
Amongst the Romans, the soldiers were allowed to participate with their general in the honours of the triumph and with that view, according to Plutarch, Marius on one occasion refused a triumph, that he might not by accepting it prevent his then absent troops from sharing in it. The soldiers were accustomed to march before the triumphal car, with branches of laurel in their hands, as we see it on a medallion of the younger Gordian. And in the various Roman coins, especially of the Constantinian age, it is clearly shown by the trophies with captives attached, and by the inscriptions to the valour and to the glory of particular corps, as well as that of the whole Roman army, that the emperors hesitated not to ascribe to their troops the honour of victory, and to decree the monuments which handed their exploits down to posterity.---Spanheimís Caesars of Julian, pp. 226-241.