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XXI

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Florianus, June or July - August or September 276 A.D.

Florianus, the half brother of Tacitus, was proclaimed emperor in the Western provinces after the latter's death. In the East Probus was declared emperor and the two marched against each other. Before a decisive battle could take place, Florian was murdered by his own soldiers. He "wore the purple" for less than 3 months.

Also see: ERIC - FLORIANUS

References

Alföldi, A. Siscia, Vorarbeiten zu einem Corpus der in Siscia geprägten Römermünzen IV, Die Prägungen von Tacitus und Florianus. (Budapest, 1940).
Bastien, P. Le monnayage de l'atelier de Lyon. De la réouverture de l'atelier par Aurélien à la mort de Carin (fin 274 – mi-285). Numismatique Romaine IX. (Wetteren, 1976).
Cohen, H. Description historique des monnaies frappées sous l’Empire Romain, Volume 6: Macrianus to Diocletian & Maximianus. (Paris, 1886).
Estiot, S. Monnaies de l'Empire Romain Volume XII - 1, D'Aurélien à Florien (270-276 après J.-C.). Bibliotheque nationale de France. (Paris, 2004).
Estiot, S., et al. Ripostiglio della Venèra, Nuovo Catalogo Illustrato, Volume II/2: Tacitus and Florianus. (Verona, 1987).
Mattingly, H., Sydenham and Webb. The Roman Imperial Coinage, Vol V, Part I, Valerian to Florian. (London, 1927).
Monnaies de l’Empire Romain / Roman Imperial Coinage AD 268-276 (RIC V online) - http://www.ric.mom.fr
Milani, L.A. Il ripositglio della Venèra, Monete romane della seconda meta del terzo secolo. (Rome, 1880).
Robinson, A. Roman Imperial Coins in the Hunter Coin Cabinet, University of Glasgow, Vol. IV. Valerian I to Allectus. (Oxford, 1978).
Sear, D.R. Roman Coins and Their Values, Volume Three, The Accession of Maximinus I to the Death of Carinus AD 235 - AD 285. (London, 2005).


DICTIONARY OF ROMAN COINS




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FLORIANUS (Marcus Annius), brother of Tacitus, whom he had followed into the East, and on whose death he was acknowledged emperor by the Senate and by all the provinces, except Syria, whose army supported  the cause of Probus.
A civil war was on the point of ensuing from the rivalry of these two competitors when Florianus was killed by his own soldiers, near Tarsus, only three months after he had assumed the purple, A.D. 276.

Style: IMP. C. M. ANNIVS FLORIANVS AVG. Short as was his reign, the reverses of his coins have sufficient variety to show that at least the Roman mint was active with his name and effigy, which appear, among others, on a brass medallion, the epigraph of MONETA AVG and the three monetae standing, with their attributes. His silver of base metal are of the second degree of rarity; second brass (dupondii, asses) rare; third brass (antoninianii, reduced folles) common.

The following gold, of the usual size valued by Mionnet at 120 francs each, VIZ. CONCORD MILIT. Two soldiers joining hands. - CONSERVATOR AVG. Sun in quadriga. - PERPETVITATE (Sic.) AVG. Woman holding globe.

The following, at 100 francs each, VIZ. IOVI VICTORI. Jupiter Nicephorus standing. - ROMAE
AETERNAE. Roma Nicephorus seated. - VIRTVS AVGVSTI. Mars walking. - MARTI VICTORI. Mars with spear and trophy. (Brought £3 at the Campana sale).

[A gold coin of Florian, found at Deddington, was bought by Mr. Cove Jones for £12. - There were no gold coins of this emperor either in the Thomas, the Pembroke, or the Devonshire cabinets].


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