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FORTVNAE ANTIATes Quintus RVSTIVS, Two female busts, side by side, one of which wears a helmet, is naked as far as the breast, and holds a patera; the other has a mitella on her head-dress, and a tunic close to the neck. Both are placed on a flattened cippis, each extremity of which is ornamented with a ram 's head. Rev CAESARI AVGVSTO EX S C. An altar, on which is inscribed FORtunae REduci. On silver of the Rustia gens, struck under Augustus, in the year of Rome 736, (BC 18).

Fortune was called by this title of locality on account of a celebrated temple erected to her honour at Antium, a town in Latium, not far from the sea coast (now Anzio), the birth-place of Nero. At this place she was doubtless in high repute for oracles. Suctonius says--"Monerunt et Fortunae Antiatinae, ut a Cassio eaveret."

Perhaps, says Eckhel (v. 298), what I have called a cippus, is the vehicle by which, as Macrobius informs us, the images of the two Fortunes (simularcra Fortunarm), were conveyed in Antium to utter the (oracular) responses.

Addison, in mentioning his visit to the ruins of Antium, makes the following observations:
"All agree there were two Fortunes worshipped here. Suetonius calls them Fortunae Antiates, and Martial the Sorores Antii. Fabretti and other are apt to believe that by the two Fortunes were only meant in general the goddess who sent prosperity, and she who sent affliction, to mankind; and [these Italian antiquaries] produce in their behalf, an ancient monument found in this very place, and superscribed FORTVNAE FELICI. SACRVM; and also another with the words FORTI. FORTVNAE SACRVM. [See Morell. Thesaru. Fam. Rom. T.i. p. 369].

This double function of the goddess adds our own illustrious countryman, gives a considerable light and beauty to the ode, L. i. 35, which Horace has addressed to her. The whole poem is a prayer to Fortune, that she would prosper Augustus Caesar 's arms, and confound his enemies; so that each of the goddesses has her task assigned in the poet 's prayer. We may observe, the invocation is divided between the two deities, the first line relating indifferently to either. That printed in Italic type speaks to the goddess of Prosperity, or to the Nemesis of the Good, and the other to the goddess of Adversity, or to the Nemesis of the Wicked:--

O Diva, gratum que regis Antium,
Presens vel imo tollere de gradu
Mortale corpus, vel superbos
Vertere funcribus triumphos...

Great Goddess, Antium 's Gardian Power,
Whose force is strong, and quick to raise
The lowest to the highest place,
Or with a wondrous fall To bring the haughty lower, And turn proud trumphs to a funeral...

"If we take the first interpretation of the two Fortunes for the double Nemesis, the compliment to Caesar is the greater, and the fifth stanza clearer than the commentators usually make it."--See Remarks on Italy. p. 369


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