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Emperors Listed by their RIC and RCV Volumes


This table is for the benefit of anyone who wants to know in which volume of a reference work to look for coins of any given Roman emperor or family member who had coins struck in their name. The table covers "The Roman Imperial Coinage" and David Sear's "Roman Coins And Their Values." Details and notes are below the table; or follow this link.

Person RIC Vol Notes RCV Vol Notes
Aelia Flaccilla, wife of Theodosius IRIC IX—RCV 1988—
Aelia Verina, wife of Leo IRIC X—RCV 1988Listed as Verina.
Aelius, Caesar under HadrianRIC IIListed as L. Aelius CaesarRCV 2002—
AemilianRIC IV, 3—RCV 2005—
Agrippa, deceased grandfather of CaligulaRIC IFor restorations, see also under Titus and Domitian.RCV 2000At the end of the section on Caligula. See also under Titus and Domitian for restoration coinage.
Agrippa Postumus, son of Agrippa, grandson of Augustus——RCV 2000 Provincial coinage
Agrippina I, deceased mother of Caligula, deceased sister-in-law of Claudius I.RIC IListed under Gaius and Claudius. For restorations see under Titus.RCV 2000See under Caligula; see also under Claudius. See also under Titus for restoration coinage.
Agrippina II, wife of Claudius I, mother of Nero.RIC IListed under Claudius.RCV 2000Listed as Agrippina Junior.
AlexanderRIC VIListed as Domitius Alexander.RCV 1988—
AllectusRIC V, 2—RCV 1988—
AmandusRIC V, 2—RCV 1988—
Anastasius I——RCV 1988—
Annia Faustina, wife of ElagabalusRIC IV, 2—RCV 2002—
Anonymous quadrantesRIC II—RCV 2000At the end of the book.
AnthemiusRIC X—RCV 1988—
Antinoüs, companion of Hadrian——RCV 2002Alexandrian coins.
Antonia, deceased mother of Claudius IRIC I—RCV 2000See under Claudius
Antoninus PiusRIC IIIFor coins as Caesar, see also under Hadrian. For coins as Divus Antoninus Pius, see under Marcus Aurelius. Also under Trajan Decius as one of the "Consecratio Issues of the Divi"RCV 2002For coins as Divus Antoninus Pius see after Marcus Aurelius; see also under Trajan Decius as one of the "Imperial Divi"
Aquilia Severa, wife of ElagabalusRIC IV, 2—RCV 2002—
ArcadiusRIC IX, RIC X—RCV 1988—
Ariadne, wife of Zeno, wife of Anastasius I.RIC X—RCV 1988—
AugustusRIC ISee also under Gaius for Divus Augustus. For restorations, see also under Titus; Domitian; Nerva; and Trajan. See also under Trajan Decius as one of the "Consecratio Issues of the Divi"RCV 2000 See under Claudius for Divus Augustus. For Divus Augustus restoration coinage, see under Titus; Domitian; Nerva; Trajan; and also under Trajan Decius as one of the "Imperial Divi"
AurelianRIC V, 1—RCV 2005—
AureolusRIC V, 2Listed at the end under "Usurpers," but the genuineness of the coins is doubtful.—Coins were struck under the name of Postumus.
AvitusRIC X—RCV 1988—
BalbinusRIC IV, 2—RCV 2005—
BasiliscusRIC X—RCV 1988—
BonosusRIC V, 2—RCV 1988Not included in RCV 2005. Coins may actually be barbarous radiates.
Britannicus, son of Claudius ISee RIC I p.130There is a note in RIC I that the coins of Britannicus are actually restored issues of Titus, but they don't appear in RIC II. What was being restored, I wonder?RCV 2000—
CaligulaRIC IListed as Gaius.RCV 2000 —
CaracallaRIC IV,1—RCV 2002For coins as Divus Caracalla see also under Elagabalus.
CarausiusRIC V, 2—RCV 1988—
CarinusRIC V, 2—RCV 2005—
CarusRIC V, 2—RCV 2005See also under Carinus for coins as Divus Carus.
Civil Wars, AD 68-9RIC I—RCV 2000—
Claudius IRIC IFor restorations, see also under Titus; Domitian; and Trajan.RCV 2000See also under Nero for coins as Divus Claudius. For restoration coinage, see also under Titus; Domitian; and Trajan.
Claudius II "Gothicus"RIC V, 1—RCV 2005See also under Quintillus for coins as Divus Claudius.
Clodius AlbinusRIC IV,1—RCV 2002—
Clodius Macer, revolt against Nero in Africa.RIC IListed as L. Clodius MacerRCV 2000Listed under Civil Wars.
CommodusRIC IIIAlso as Caesar under Marcus Aurelius. For coins as Divus Commodus, see under Septimius Severus. See also under Trajan Decius as one of the "Consecratio Issues of the Divi"RCV 2002For the deceased Commodus with CONSECRATIO reverse see also under Septimius Severus; also under Trajan Decius as one of the "Imperial Divi"
Flavius Julius Constans, son of Constantine I and FaustaRIC VII and RIC VIIINot the same person as the Constans listed in RIC X under Constantine III.RCV 1988Listed just as Constans. Not to be confused with the son of Constantine III, who is also listed just as Constans.
Constans, son of Constantine III, considered a usurper.RIC XNot the same person as the Constans listed in RIC VII and RIC VIII.RCV 1988Listed just as Constans. Not to be confused with Flavius Julius Constans, who is also listed just as Constans.
Constantia, wife of Licinius I, sister of Constantine I.RIC VII—RCV 1988—
Constantine I "The Great"RIC VI and RIC VIISee also RIC VIII for the deified Constantine I.RCV 1988Listed as Constantine.
Constantine IIRIC VII—RCV 1988—
Constantine IIIRIC X—RCV 1988—
ConstantinopolisRIC VIII—RCV 1988Listed under Constantine I.
Constantius IRIC V, 2 and RIC VI—RCV 1988—
Constantius IIRIC VII and RIC VIII—RCV 1988—
Constantius IIIRIC X—RCV 1988—
Constantius GallusRIC VIII—RCV 1988—
Cornelia Supera, consort of AemilianRIC IV, 3—RCV 2005—
Crispina, wife of Commodus.RIC III—RCV 2002—
CrispusRIC VII—RCV 1988—
DecentiusRIC VIII—RCV 1988—
DelmatiusRIC VII—RCV 1988—
Diadumenian, son of MacrinusRIC IV, 2—RCV 2002—
Didia Clara, daughter of Didius JulianusRIC IV, 1—RCV 2002—
Didius JulianusRIC IV,1—RCV 2002—
DiocletianRIC V, 2 and RIC VI—RCV 1988—
Domitia, wife of Domitian.RIC II 2007Under Domitian.RCV 2000—
DomitianRIC II 2007For coins as Caesar, see also under Vespasian and Titus.RCV 2000—
DomitianusRIC V, 2Listed as Domitianus of GaulRCV 2005—
Domitilla I, wife of Vespasian, mother of TitusRIC II 2007See under Titus and DomitianRCV 2000See under Titus and Domitian.
Domitilla II, daughter of Vespasian——RCV 2000 I have seen a claim that there are coins of Domitilla II which have been incorrectly attributed to, and listed under, Domitilla I at the end of Titus. But the new RIC II 2007 still lists these coins under Domitilla I, so this re-attribution to the daughter is dubious.
Domitius DomitianusRIC VI—RCV 1988—
Drusus, deceased son of TiberiusRIC IListed under Tiberius. For restorations, see also under Titus and Domitian.RCV 2000See also under Titus and Domitian for restoration coinage.
Dryantilla, wife of RegalianRIC V, 2—RCV 2005—
ElagabalusRIC IV, 2—RCV 2002—
Eudocia, wife of Theodosius IIRIC X—RCV 1988—
Eudoxia, wife of ArcadiusRIC X—RCV 1988—
EugeniusRIC IX—RCV 1988—
Euphemia, daughter of Marcian, wife of EuphemiusRIC X—RCV 1988—
Fausta, wife of Constantine IRIC VII—RCV 1988—
Faustina I (Senior), wife of Antoninus PiusRIC III—RCV 2002Separate sections for Diva Faustina Senior and Faustina Senior.
Faustina II (Junior), daughter of Antoninus Pius and Faustina I, wife of Marcus Aurelius, mother of CommodusRIC IIIListed under Antoninus Pius and Marcus Aurelius.RCV 2002Separate sections after Antoninus Pius and Marcus Aurelius. Diva Faustina Junior also has a separate section after Marcus Aurelius.
Flavius VictorRIC IX—RCV 1988—
FlorianRIC V, 1Also known as Florianus
RCV 2005—
Gaius Caesar, grandson of AugustusRIC IAugustus 539 and 540; these may actually be of the senior Augustus.RCV 2000—
GalbaRIC IFor restorations, see also under Titus; TrajanRCV 2000See also under Civil Wars for Spanish coins. For restoration coinage, See also under Titus; Trajan.
Galeria Valeria, daughter of Diocletian, wife of GaleriusRIC VI—RCV 1988—
GaleriusRIC V, 2 and RIC VIListed as Galerius MaximianRCV 1988—
Galla Placidia, daughter of Theodosius IRIC X—RCV 1988—
Gallic Revolt of 69-70RIC IListed under Civil Wars.RCV 2000Listed under Civil Wars.
GallienusRIC V, 1—RCV 2005—
Germanicus, deceased brother of Claudius I, deceased father of CaligulaRIC IListed under Gaius. For restorations, see also under Titus and Domitian. RCV 2000 See under Caligula; also see under Claudius. See also under Titus and Domitian for restoration coinage.
GetaRIC IV,1—RCV 2002—
GlyceriusRIC X—RCV 1988—
Gordian I "Africanus"RIC IV, 2—RCV 2005—
Gordian II "Africanus"RIC IV, 2—RCV 2005—
Gordian IIIRIC IV, 2 and 3As Caesar in RIC IV, 2 under Balbinus and Pupienus. As Augustus in RIC IV, 3.RCV 2005—
GratianRIC IX—RCV 1988—
HadrianRIC IIFor Divus Hadrian, see under Trajan. See also under Trajan Decius as one of the "Consecratio Issues of the Divi"RCV 2002See also after Antoninus Pius for more, including coins of Divus Hadrian; also under Trajan Decius as one of the "Imperial Divi"
HanniballianusRIC VII—RCV 1988—
Helena, wife of Constantius I, mother of Constantine I.RIC VII—RCV 1988—
Herennia Etruscilla, wife of Trajan DeciusRIC IV, 3—RCV 2005—
Herennius EtruscusRIC IV, 3—RCV 2005—
Honoria, sister of Valentinian IIIRIC X—RCV 1988—
HonoriusRIC IX and RIC X—RCV 1988—
HostilianRIC IV, 3—RCV 2005—
JohannesRIC X—RCV 1988—
JotapianRIC IV, 3Listed as Jotapianus.RCV 2005—
JovianRIC VIII—RCV 1988—
JovinusRIC X—RCV 1988—
Julia DomnaRIC IV, 1—RCV 2002After Septimius Severus, and again after Caracalla. For coins as Diva Julia Domna see also under Elagabalus.
Julia Maesa, sister of Julia Domna, grandmother of Elagabalus and Severus Alexander.RIC IV, 2—RCV 2002For coins as Diva Julia Maesa see also under Severus Alexander.
Julia Mamaea, neice of Julia Domna, daughter of Julia Maesa, mother of Severus Alexander.RIC IV, 2—RCV 2002—
Julia Paula, wife of ElagabalusRIC IV, 2—RCV 2002—
Julia Soaemias, neice of Julia Domna, daughter of Julia Maesa, mother of ElagabalusRIC IV, 2—RCV 2002—
Julia Titi, daughter of Titus, niece and mistress of Domitian.RIC II 2007Listed under Titus and again under Domitian. For coins as Diva Julia see under Domitian.RCV 2000Listed just as Julia, once after Titus and again after Domitian. See also under Domitian for the deceased Diva Julia.
Julian of Pannonia, usurper against CarinusRIC V, 2Listed as Julian IRCV 2005—
Julian IIRIC VIII—RCV 1988—
Julius CaesarRIC IIRestored coinage under Trajan.RCV 2002Restored coinage under Trajan.
Julius NeposRIC X—RCV 1988—
LaelianusRIC V, 2—RCV 2005Listed as Laelian
Leo IRIC X—RCV 1988—
Leo IIRIC X—RCV 1988—
LeontiusRIC X—RCV 1988—
Licinia Eudoxia, daughter of Theodosius II and Eudocia, wife of Valentinian IIIRIC X—RCV 1988—
Licinius IRIC VI and RIC VII—RCV 1988—
Licinius IIRIC VII—RCV 1988—
Livia, wife of AugustusRIC IListed under Tiberius. For restorations, see also under TitusRCV (2000)See also under Titus for restoration coinage.
Lucilla, daughter of Marcus Aurelius and Faustina Junior, wife of Lucius VerusRIC IIIListed under Marcus Aurelius.RCV 2002—
Lucius Caesar, grandson of Augustus——RCV 2000Spanish and Asian coinage.
Lucius VerusRIC III—RCV 2002There is also a small section as Divus Lucius Verus after Marcus Aurelius.
Macrianus IRIC V, 2—RCV 2005Listed as Macrian
Macrianus II, usurperRIC V, 2—RCV 2005Listed as Macrian
MacrinusRIC IV, 2—RCV 2002—
MagnentiusRIC VIII—RCV 1988—
Magnia Urbica, wife of CarinusRIC V, 2—RCV 2005—
Magnus MaximusRIC IX—RCV 1988—
MajorianRIC X—RCV 1988—
Manlia Scantilla, wife of Didius JulianusRIC IV, 1—RCV 2002—
MarcianRIC X—RCV 1988—
Marciana, deceased sister of Trajan.RIC II—RCV 2002Following Trajan.
Marcus AureliusRIC IIISee under Antoninus Pius for coins as Caesar. For Divus Marcus Aurelius, see under Commodus. Also under Trajan Decius as one of the "Consecratio Issues of the Divi"RCV 2002See also after Commodus for Divus Marcus Aurelius; also under Trajan Decius as one of the "Imperial Divi"
Mariniana, wife of Valerian, mother of GallienusRIC V, 1—RCV 2005Listed under Valerian as Diva Mariniana
MariusRIC V, 2—RCV 2005—
MartinianRIC VII—RCV 1988—
Matidia, niece of Trajan, mother-in-law of Hadrian.RIC IIListed under both Trajan and Hadrian.RCV 2002Following Trajan, and again following Hadrian.
MaxentiusRIC VI—RCV 1988—
MaximianusRIC V, 2 and RIC VIListed as Maximian Herculeus in RIC V, and as Maximian Herculius in RIC VI.RCV 1988—
Maximinus IRIC IV, 2—RCV 2005—
Maximinus IIRIC VI—RCV 1988—
Maximus, son of Maximinus IRIC IV, 2—RCV 2005—
Maximus of SpainRIC XListed as Maximus of Barcelona.RCV 1988—
NepotianRIC VIII—RCV 1988—
NeroRIC I—RCV 2000—
Nero Claudius Drusus, father of ClaudiusRIC IListed under Claudius. For restorations, see also under TitusRCV 2000Listed under Claudius. See also under Titus for restoration coinage
Nero and Drusus Caesars, deceased brothers of Caligula.RIC Iunder Gaius.RCV 2000 Listed at the end of the section on Caligula.
NervaRIC IIFor restorations, see also under Trajan. Also under Trajan Decius as one of the "Consecratio Issues of the Divi"RCV 2002See also under Trajan for the deceased Divus Nerva. For restoration coinage, see also under Trajan; also under Trajan Decius as one of the "Imperial Divi"
Nigrinian, deceased grandson of Carus, son of CarinusRIC V, 2Listed as NigrinianusRCV 2005Listed after Carinus
NumerianRIC V, 2Listed as Numerianus.RCV 2005See also under Carinus for coins as Divus Numerian.
OdovacarRIC X———
OlybriusRIC X—RCV 1988—
Orbiana, wife of Severus AlexanderRIC IV, 2Listed as Sallustia Barbia Orbiana.RCV 2002—
Otacilia Severa, wife of Philip IRIC IV, 3—RCV 2005—
OthoRIC I—RCV 2000—
PacatianRIC IV, 3as PacatianusRCV 2005—
Paulina, wife of Maximinus IRIC IV, 2Listed as Diva Paulina.RCV 2005Listed under Maximinus as Diva Paulina
PertinaxRIC IV,1See also under Septimius Severus for Divus PertinaxRCV 2002For coins as Divus Pertinax see also under Septimius Severus.
Pertinax Junior——RCV 2002Alexandrian coins.
Pescennius NigerRIC IV,1—RCV 2002—
Petronius MaximusRIC X—RCV 1988—
Philip IRIC IV, 3—RCV 2005—
Philip II, son of Philip IRIC IV, 3—RCV 2005—
Plautilla, wife of CaracallaRIC IV, 1—RCV 2002—
Plotina, wife of Trajan.RIC II—RCV 2002After Trajan, and again after Hadrian.
Poppaea, second wife of Nero——RCV 2000Provincial coinage with her daughter Claudia.
PostumusRIC V, 2—RCV 2005—
Priscus AttalusRIC X—RCV 1988—
ProbusRIC V, 2—RCV 2005—
ProcopiusRIC IX—RCV 1988—
Aelia Pulcheria, sister of Theodosius IIRIC X—RCV 1988Listed as Pulcheria.
PupienusRIC IV, 2—RCV 2005—
QuietusRIC V, 2—RCV 2005—
QuintillusRIC V, 1—RCV 2005—
Regalian, usurper against GallienusRIC V, 2Listed as RegalianusRCV 2005—
Romulus, deceased son of MaxentiusRIC VI—RCV 1988Coins as Divus Romulus
Romulus AugustusRIC X—RCV 1988—
Sabina, wife of HadrianRIC II—RCV 2002For coins as Diva Sabina see a few pages earlier under Hadrian.
Salonina, wife of GallienusRIC V, 1—RCV 2005—
Saloninus, son of GallienusRIC V, 1—RCV 2005—
Saturninus, usuper against ProbusRIC V, 2—RCV 2005—
SebastianusRIC X—RCV 1988—
Septimius SeverusRIC IV,1See also under Caracalla for Divus Severus. Also under Trajan Decius as one of the "Consecratio Issues of the Divi"RCV 2002For coins as Divus Septimius Severus see also under Caracalla; also under Trajan Decius as one of the "Imperial Divi"
Severina, wife of AurelianRIC V, 1—RCV 2005—
Severus II CaesarRIC VI—RCV 1988—
Severus IIIRIC XListed as Libius SeverusRCV 1988—
Severus AlexanderRIC IV, 2See also under Trajan Decius as one of the "Consecratio Issues of the Divi"RCV 2002See also under Trajan Decius as one of the "Imperial Divi"
Silbannacus, usurper of ValerianRIC IV, 3Listed as Mar. Silbannicus, attributed to the later years of Philip I.RCV 2005—
SponsianusRIC IV, 3—xx —
Statilia Messalina, wife of Neroxx—RCV 2000—
TacitusRIC V, 1—RCV 2005—
Tetricus IRIC V, 2—RCV 2005—
Tetricus II, son of Tetricus IRIC V, 2—RCV 2005—
Theodora, deceased wife of Constantius IRIC VIII—RCV 1988—
Theodosius IRIC IX—RCV 1988—
Theodosius IIRIC X—RCV 1988—
TiberiusRIC IFor restorations, see also under Titus; Domitian; Trajan.RCV 2000For restoration coinage, See also under Titus; Domitian; Trajan.
TitusRIC II 2007For coins as Caesar, see also under Vespasian. For Divus Titus, see under Domitian. For restorations, see under Trajan. Also under Trajan Decius as one of the "Consecratio Issues of the Divi"RCV 2000For restoration coinage, see also under Trajan; see also under Trajan Decius as one of the "Imperial Divi"
TrajanRIC IIAlso under Trajan Decius as one of the "Consecratio Issues of the Divi"RCV 2002Among his restoration coinage were several Republican types as well as previous emperors. See also under Hadrian for the deceased Divus Trajan; see also under Trajan Decius as one of the "Imperial Divi"
Trajan Senior, father of TrajanRIC II—RCV 2002following Trajan.
Trajan DeciusRIC IV, 3—RCV 2005—
Tranquillina, wife of Gordian IIIRIC IV, 3as Sabinia Tranquillina.RCV 2005—
Trebonianus GallusRIC IV, 3—RCV 2005—
Urbs RomaRIC VII—RCV 1988Listed under Constantine.
Uranius AntoninusRIC IV, 3—RCV 2005—
VabalathusRI V, 2—RCV 2005—
Aurelius Valerius ValensRIC VIINot the same man as the Valens listed in RIC IX.RCV 1988Listed just as Valens. Do not confuse with Flavius Valens, also listed just as Valens.
Flavius ValensRIC IXNot the same man as the Valens listed in RIC VII.RCV 1988Listed just as Valens. Do not confuse with Aurelius Valerius Valens, also listed just as Valens.
Valentinian IRIC IX—RCV 1988—
Valentinian IIRIC IX—RCV 1988—
Valentinian IIIRIC X—RCV 1988—
Valeria Messalina, wife of Claudius IRIC IListed under Claudius.RCV 2000Listed as Messalina.
Valerian IRIC V, 1—RCV 2005—
Valerian II, son of GallienusRIC V, 1—RCV 2005—
VespasianRIC II 2007For posthumous coins as Divus Vespasian, see under Titus and Domitian. For restorations, see also under Trajan. See also under Trajan Decius as one of the "Consecratio Issues of the Divi"RCV 2000For posthumous coins as Divus Vespasian, see under Titus and Domitian. For restoration coinage, see also under Trajan; see also Trajan Decius as one of the "Imperial Divi"
Vespasian Junior, at one time adopted by Domitian.——RCV 2000Provincial coinage.
VetranioRIC VIII—RCV 1988—
VictorinusRIC V, 2—RCV 2005—
Vindex, revolt against Nero in GaulRIC ISee under Civil Wars.RCV 2000Listed under Civil Wars.
VitelliusRIC I—RCV 2000See also under Civil Wars for pro-Vitellian forces in Southern Gaul.
VolusianRIC IV, 3—RCV 2005—
ZenoRIC XFirst and second reigns are both in RIC X.RCV 1988—
Zenobia, mother of VabalathusRIC V, 2—RCV 2005—
Zenonis, wife of Basiliscus
RIC X—RCV 1988—

This page was inspired by the common practice, when giving references for coins – especially in The Roman Imperial Coinage – of stating the work and a number, but not which volume and sometimes missing other essential details. For example, wives are usually listed and numbered under the name of their husband, and this list will state who that is.

I have attempted to include all personages in the period of the Empire who had coins struck in their name. The reference works also list a few restorations of Republican coins which are not indexed here. I can't guarantee that I have not missed anything out!

Two main references are covered here. One is David Sear's "Roman Coins And Their Values," abbreviated as RCV. This is a general reference of great value to beginners and those who enjoy Roman coins but do not specialise in any particular area. There is an early version in one volume, of which the latest revision was dated 1988; this is relatively superficial and I will only note it for coins not covered in the Millennium Edition, which has three volumes to date with (at least?) one more to come. So the references will either be for the 4th Revised Edition, dated 1988; or parts of the Millennium Edition, dated 2000, 2002 and 2005.

The other reference covered here is "The Roman Imperial Coinage," abbreviated to RIC. It is not the most detailed or the most specialised reference, but it is the standard reference of choice for almost all purposes. The aim of RIC is to include all known Imperial coins, whereas RCV includes only a good representative sample. There are ten volumes in the series, some of them in several parts, and some have been revised and reprinted since their first appearance. I will give the most recent reference, and I will refer to the volumes by their number and, where relevant, part number, as: V, 1.

In vols I to V and X, the number series starts afresh for each emperor. In vols VI to IX, each mint has its own number sequence which includes everyone who had coins struck in their name at that mint.

Volume I: Reference is to the second edition, dated 1984, not the first edition dated 1923. Any numbered coin references you find can be expected to refer to this edition.

Volume II is a special case. As of February 2008, there is a new and completely revised version of part of vol II, with new numbering for all the Flavian coins, which I will refer to as RIC II 2007. People still covered by the older version will just be listed as RIC II. A new print of the second part of vol II is due out later this year; when that happens I will update the references to RIC II 2008. I expect the numbering system for this part to stay the same. Because the new edition has just come out, many references you find will still be to the older one.

Vol IV is in three parts, but for some reason, the most recent print of these combines them into one physical binding.

Vol V is in two parts, printed as two separate volumes.


This table was prepared by Bill Welch, who is solely responsible for any errors and typos. The original version, with better formatting and which may have extra corrections, can be found in his web site "What I Like About Ancient Coins", which is generously hosted by Forum Ancient Coins. It was a thread in Forum's Classical Numismatics Discussion Board about references to RIC which inspired the preparation of the table.


The content of this page was last updated on 7 March 2008