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Caligula - Epigraphy on His Statue Bases and Other Monuments

By Joe Geranio

Emperor: Caligula
Province: Asia
Lower date: 37
Type of monument: Base
Dimensions (hxwxd): 0.21 x 0.36 x ? m.
Type of dedicator: Private, individuals
Dedicator:
Lemmata:
IG: In ruderibus veteris ecclesiae S. Therapontis repertum fragmentum baseos. JMH: Olympios is otherwise unattested for emperors besides Hadrian.
Bibliography: IG XII, 2, 209. IGRR IV, 76. Stuart 1939, 608.

Emperor: Caligula
Province: Asia
Town: Kalymna
Context: Sanctuary, Temple of Apollo
Lower date:
Upper date: 37
Dating criteria: Non regnans
Type of monument: Base
Dimensions (hxwxd): 0.36 x 0.41 x 0.18 m.
Letter size: 0.02 m.
Type of dedicator: Public, community
Dedicator:
Lemmata:
Segre: Basis lapidis tophini infra et a dextro latere mutila. Ad templum Apollinis invenit Newton; nunc in Museo Britannico servatur.
Bibliography:  IGRR IV, 1022. Stuart 1939, 608. M. Segre, Tituli Calymnii, ASAtene 22-23 (1944-1945) 149, no. 109.

Emperor:  Caligula
Province:  Lycia et Pamphylia
Town:  Perge?
Context:
Lower date: 37
Upper date: 41
Dating criteria:
Type of monument: Base
Dimensions (hxwxd): 1.10 x 0.63 x 0.63 m.
Letter size: 0.035-0.045 m.
Type of dedicator: Public, community
Dedicator:
Lemmata:
Pace: A cirta tre ore da Adalia verso oriente, nella direzione della strada di Gundur segnata nella carta del Kiepert presso Lanckoronski, nel Caragialler Mezarlik esiste una base di pietra del diam. di cm. 63 piantata capovolta nel suolo, da cui emerge m. 1,10. In belle lettere regolari porta l’iscrizione: (inscription); le lettere delle prime cinque linee sono di cm. 3,5, quelle dell’ultima di cm. 4,5. Si tratta di una delle solite “acclamationes”, all’imperatore Caligola, il cui nome ufficiale era appunto, com’ è noto, Caio Caesare Augusto Germanico. Il demos era probabilimente quello di Perge.
Bibliography: IGSK 54, 25. SEG 2, 703. AE 1922, 3. B. Pace, La zona costiera da Adalia a Side, ASAtene 3 (1916-1921) 29, no. 13. R. Merkelbach & S. Sahin, Die Publizierten Inschriften von Perge, EpigrAnat 11 (1988) 110, no. 9.

Emperor: Caligula
Province: Asia
Town: Ephesus
Context:
Lower date: 37
Upper date: 41
Dating criteria:
Type of monument: Unknown
Dimensions (hxwxd): ? x ? x ? m.
Letter size: ? m.
Type of dedicator: Unknown
Dedicator:
Lemmata:
IGSK: Am Aquaduct vermauert.
Bibliography: IGSK 12, 259. CIL III, 428.

Emperor: Caligula
Province: Achaea
Town: Athenae
Context:
Lower date: 37
Upper date: 41
Dating criteria:
Type of monument: Base
Dimensions (hxwxd): 0.78 x 0.61 x 0.335 m.
Letter size: 0.02-0.025 m.
Type of dedicator: Public, community
Dedicator:
Lemmata:
IG: In arcis angulo, qui inter septentriones et orientem spectat. Fragmenta duo baseos quadriangulae marmoris Pentelici, quae copulavit Graindor a: a. 0,78, l. 0,28, cr. 0,28. b: a,78, l. 0,28, cr. 0,335. Graindor: Dédicace à Caligula et à l’une de ses sæurs? Deux fragments d’une base quadrangulaire de marbre pentélique, tous deux sur l’Acropole, l’un, près du Belvédère, l’autre, un peu plus au Sud, près du mur Est. JMH: A name has been deleted in line 4-6. Probably one of Caligula's sisters, Julia Livilla or Julia Drusilla.
Bibliography: IG II2, 3266. P. Graindor, Inscriptions Attiques d’époque romaine, BCH 38 (1914) 401, no. 19. Stuart 1939, 608.

Emperor: Caligula
Province: Achaea
Town: Athenae
Context:
Lower date: 37
Upper date: 41
Dating criteria:
Type of monument: Unknown
Dimensions (hxwxd): ? x ? x ? m.
Letter size: ? m.
Type of dedicator: None
Dedicator:
Lemmata:
IG: In arce.
Bibliography: IG II2, 3267. Stuart 1939, 608.

Emperor: Caligula
Province: Achaea
Town: Delphi
Context: Sanctuary, Apollo
Lower date: 37
Upper date: 41
Dating criteria:
Type of monument: Base
Dimensions (hxwxd): ? x ? x ? m.
Letter size: ? m.
Type of dedicator: Public, community
Dedicator:
Lemmata:
SEG: Cippus (?). Prope templum, duo fragm. eiusdem lapidis (dom. 71 et Inv. n. 2204). Pomtow: Gaiusstatue der Amphiktyonen. Es steht im CIG 1696 ein unscheinbares Fragment in Maiuskeln, das Boeckh unergänzt ließ; es war von Clarke auf dem Platze vor der Häusern 69-70 aufgefunden, also an der Südseite des Apollontempels unweit des Pronaos. Wie in den Scheden IG VIII n. 320/22 nachgewiesen, habe ich zwei Brocken des Clarkeschen Steins aufgefunden, den einen mit erhalterner linker Kante, a. 1887 eingemauert in Augenhöhe in Haus 71, den zweiten rechts anschließenden, rings gebrochenen, im alten Museum n. 162 (jetzt Inv. 2204), und ergäntzte sie nach der Tiberius-statue Syll. n. 791 B zu dem Namen eines der folgende Kaiser. Da von Claudius schon drei Statuen (Syll n. 801 A-C), von Nero eine (Syll. n. 808) bezeugt sind, mußte man unsere Bildsäule mit wahrscheinlichkeit zwischen die beiden des Tiberius und die drei des Claudius setzen, sie also auf Caligula beziehen. Dann wäre sie wie nebenstehend zu ergänzen.
Bibliography:
SEG 1, 156. CIG 1696. H. Pomtow, Die Römerstatuen in Delphi, Klio 17 (1921) 166-167, no. 152.

Emperor: Caligula
Province: Alpes Graiae et Poeninae
Town: Saint-Maurice-en-Valais
Context:
Lower date: 37
Upper date: 37
Dating criteria: Cos 1
Type of monument: Tabula
Dimensions (hxwxd): 0.78 x 0.62 x ? m.
Letter size: 0.06-0.10 m.
Type of dedicator:
Public, community
Dedicator: [Civi]tates IIII vallis Poenin(ae)
Walser: Platte aus feinem Kalkstein, 1896 bei Ausgrabungen am Glockenturm (Marotlet) der Abtei St-Maurice (Wallis) gefunden, heute im Vestibül der Abtei eingemauert.
Bibliography: AE 1897, 2. Stuart 1939, 608. Walser 1980, 58-59, no. 272. J. Michel, Anzeiger für Schweizerische Alterthumskunde (1896) 110.

c caeSARI AUGUSTO gerMANICI CAESAR F geRAMNICO IMPER poNTIFICI MAXUMO tribUNICIA POTEST COS civitATES IIII VALLIS POENIN

Emperor: Caligula
Province: Alpes Graiae et Poeninae
Town: Saint-Triphon
Context:
Lower date: 37
Upper date: 37
Dating criteria: See comment
Type of monument: Unknown
Dimensions (hxwxd): ? x ? x ? m.
Letter size: ? m.
Type of dedicator: Public, community
Dedicator: [Civitates I]III [V]alli[s Poeninae]
Lemmata:
JMH: The almost identical inscription for Caligula from Saint-Maurice-en-Valais can almost certainly be dated to AD 37. This probably applies to the present inscription as well.
Bibliography: CIL XII, 5524. AE 1985, 659. G. Walser, Die Straßenbau-Tätigkeit von Kaiser Claudius, Historia 29 (1980) 440-442.

c caesari augusto germanici CAESAR f gerMANICO imper pontifici mAXIMO tribunicia pOTESTAS cos civitates iIII vAllIs poenin

Emperor: Caligula
Province: Asia
Town: Ephesus
Context:
Lower date:
Upper date: 37
Dating criteria: Non regnans
Type of monument: Unknown
Dimensions (hxwxd): 0.21 x 0.78 x 0.54 m.
Letter size: 0.03-0.045 m.
Type of dedicator: None
Dedicator: Lemmata:
AE: Trois blocs de marbre blanc, trouvés, le premier en 1956 dans la région des thermes de Scholastique, le second réemployé dans un mur byzantin au N. de la porte septentrionale de l’Agora, le troisieme, en 1956, en second remploi dans le temple d’Hadrien ou il avait deja servi lors d’une réfection du batiment. Les deux premiers blocs concernent les deux fils aines de Germanicus, Nero Iulius Caesar et Drusus Iulius Caesar et la fille ainée, la mere de Néron, Iulia Agrippina. L’éditeur croit reconnaitre le nom de Germanicus pere de ces trois princes, dans les vestiges du troisieme bloc. Nous ne saurions partager cette opinion, parce que le fils adoptif de Tibere s’appelait Germanicus Caesar, Germanicus étant emploué comme prénom. Le seul prince valable est Caligula, qui portait le nom de Caius Caesar Germanicus avant son avenement, et celui de Caius Caesar Germanicus Augustus, quand il fut monté sur trône.
Bibliography: AE 1968, 476 c. D. Knibbe, Epigraphische Nachlese im Bereiche der ephesischen Agora, ÖJh 47 (1964-65) Beibl., col. 14-16.
a) NeRONI CAESARi neRWNI KaiSARI b) DRUSO CAESARI GERMANICI F DROUSW KAISARI GERMANIKOU UIWI c) AGRIPPINAE AGRIPPINHI d) CAE GERManico ...U KAI GERMA

Emperor: Caligula
Province: Cyprus
Town: Paphos
Context: Sanctuary, Afrodite
Lower date: 37
Upper date: 41
Dating criteria:
Type of monument: Probably a base
Dimensions (hxwxd): 0.235 x 0.85 x 0.68 m.
Letter size: 0.008-0.016 m.
Type of dedicator: Private, individuals
Dedicator:
Lemmata:
Mitford (Opuscula): A dedication to Caligula. Kouklia, in the Inscription House; found in March, 1888 during excavation of the Aphrodite Temple: a pedestal of slate-coloured marble. Of the two longer faces, one, still, intact, carries the inscription JHS 9 (1888) no. 35, of the earlier half of the 3rd century B.C. On the other, now reduced by fracture on the right to a width of 0.29, is a deleted inscription overlooked by the JHS editors. The mutilation being perfunctory and directed rather against the inscribed surface as such than against letter or line, much is still legible.
Bibliography: T.B. Mitford, Roman Cyprus, ANRW II 7.2 (1980) 1315 note 103. SEG 30, 1633. T.B. Mitford, New Inscriptions from Roman Cyprus, Opuscula Archaeologica 6 (1950) 56-58, no. 30.

Emperor: Caligula
Province: Aegyptus
Town: Syene
Context:
Lower date: 39
Upper date: 39
Dating criteria: Cos 2
Type of monument: Base
Dimensions (hxwxd): ? x ? x ? m.
Letter size: ? m.
Type of dedicator:
Public, military
Dedicator: Per C Vitrasium Pollionem praef(ectum) Aegyp(ti) cohors Ituraeor(um) cui prae(e)st L Eienus L f(ilius) Fal(erna tribu) Saturninus anno III C Caesaris Augusti Germanici IIII Kal(endas) Maias n(?) d(?) h(?) III
Lemmata:
CIL: Assuan inter rudera praetorii antiqui auf Granitsockeln hinter dem Bahnhof beim Graben von Sebah gefunden una cum sequentibus duabus dipositis sic: ... In ripa Nili orientali infra casas vici Arabici inter eum et coemeterium Arabum a sepulcro q. d. Abu-Leilah m. 30 meridiem versus. Adde quae de titulis his exposuit Jouguet sublatis auctore Borchardito et consentiente ipso Jougueto erraris quibusdam. Les bases n. 14147, 3 et 4 sont à côté l’une de l’autre, tout près, sur le même alignement. A côté de la base 14147,4 on voit les restes d’une sorte de pilier; les pierres étaient parfaitement appareillées et unies entre elles par des tenons en queue d'aronde. Il ne reste que peu de chose de ce pilier, deux assises au plus. La base 14147, 1-2 ne fait pas exactement face à celle de n. 14147, 3. On ne peut guère supposer une allée de statues ayant la même largeur que l’ouverture masquée par le reste d’édifices que l’on voit auprès de la base n. 14147, 4, parceque la base n. 14147, 1-2 parait un peu éloignée des autres. JMH: Dedicated 28 April 39 AD. The number after trib. pot. is left out. It should have been 3. Later reused as a base for a statue of Trajan (CIL III, 14147, 2). Found together with staue bases for Antoninus Pius and Lucius Verus.
Bibliography: CIL III, 14147, 1. Stuart 1939, 608. R. Cagnat, BAParis. Comptes rendus des séances, january (1896) 37-45.

C CAESARI AUG GERMANICO DIVI AUG PRONEPOTI TI CAESARIS AUG N GERMANICI CAESARIS F COS II TRIB POT PONTIF MAXIMO IMP PATRI PATRIAE PER C VITRASIUM POLLIONEM PRAEF AEGYP COHORS ITURAEOR CUI PRAEST L EIENUS L F FAL SATURNINUS ANNO III C CAESARIS AUGUSTI GERMANICI IIII KAL MAIAS M NDH III

Emperor: Caligula
Province: Italia, Umbria (Regio VI)
Town: Spoletium
Context: Private house
Lower date: 37
Upper date: 41
Dating criteria:
Type of monument: Probably part of a base
Dimensions (hxwxd): 0.168 x 0.165 x 0.015 m.
Letter size: 0.02-0.039 m.
Type of dedicator: Private, individuals
Dedicator: [Vespasia L] f Polla
Lemmata:
CIL: Fragmentum tabulae marm. supra et infra integrum. Rep. a. 1886 in effossionibus ante aedes municipales in fondo alla cisterna. Servatur in aedibus municipalibus in horreis. Arch. epigr.: Im Atrium dieses Hauses fand sich beim Ausräumen des Brunnens von einer Inschrifttafel aus Marmor ein links und rechts gebrochenes Stück. Das Denkmal steht, so viel ich sehe, vereinzelt da. Zwar sind römischen Kaisern währen ihrer Regierungszeit äußerst zahlreiche Standbilder errichtet worden, und regelmäßig gaben die Inschriften auf den Sockeln an, von wer die Errichtung herrührte. Aber auch wenn dies Einzelpersonen waren (nach den erhaltenen Inschriften zu Urtheilen ist dies eine verhältnismäßig geringe Minderzahl der Fälle gewesen), befanden sich die Bildnisse wohl gewöhnlich auf Plätzen oder in öffentlichen Gebäuden, oder wenn sie auf einem Boden standen, der Privateigenthum war, so werden dies meist Stellen gewesen sein, die einem größeren Publikum zugänglich waren, wie Gärten und Villen. In unserem Falle kann nach der Fundstelle, der Beschaffenheit und den Maßen der Platte wohl kein Zweifel bestehen, dass das Kaiserbildnis im Atrium des Hauses selbst sich befand. JMH: The woman dedicating the inscription could very well be the mother of Vespasian.
Bibliography:
CIL XI, 4778. AE 1892, 4. Stuart 1939, 608. Archäologisch - epigraphische Mittheilungen aus Österreich-Ungarn 15 (1892) 34-35. G.F. Gamurrini, NSc (1886) 326-327.
c caesari augusTO GErmanico germanici caesariS F TI CAESaris aug n dini augusti pron pont MAX TRIB Pot .. cos .. vespasia l F POLLA

Emperor: Caligula
Province: Asia
Town: Didyma
Context: Sanctuary
Lower date: 37
Upper date: 41
Dating criteria:
Type of monument: Base
Dimensions (hxwxd): 0.95 x 0.75 x 0.75 m.
Letter size: 0.015-0.02 m.
Type of dedicator: Private, corporation
Dedicator:
Lemmata:
Rehm: Inv. 156. Gefunden an der Südseite des Tempels, nahe der Südwestecke. Basis aus weißem Marmor. Das obere Profil abgearbeitet, dabai linke obererechteckige Einarbeitungen. JMH: The name of Caligula has been deliberately removed.
Bibliography: AE 1912, 134. Stuart 1939, 608. A. Rehm, Didyma II. Die Inschriften (Berlin 1958) 132-133, no. 148

Emperor: Caligula
Province: Narbonensis
Town: Vienna
Context:
Lower date: 33
Upper date: 37
Dating criteria: Pontifex
Type of monument: Probably part of a base
Dimensions (hxwxd): 1.20 x 0.83 x 0.27 m.
Letter size: 0.065-0.09 m.
Type of dedicator: None
Dedicator: Lemmata:
CIL: Tabula. Rep. a 1823 vel 1824 Viennae in fundamentis archiscopatus, delata in museum, ubi extat. JMH: Vienne, Mus. Lapidaire, inv. no. 536. Seen and measured (1.20x0.83x0.27 l. 0.065-0.09) in July 1999. The block could either be part of a base or belong to a larger monument. Mouldings were possibly attached top and bottom.
Bibliography: CIL XII, 1848. Stuart 1939, 608.

C CAESARI GERMANICI F ti AUGUSTI N DIVI AUG PRON GERMANICO PONTIFICI Q

Emperor: Caligula
Province: Narbonensis
Town: Vienna
Context:
Lower date: 33
Upper date: 37
Dating criteria: Pontifex
Type of monument: Probably part of a base
Dimensions (hxwxd): 1.15 x 0.74 x 0.20 m.
Letter size: 0.065-0.09 m.
Type of dedicator: None
Dedicator: Lemmata:
CIL: Tabula. JMH: Vienne, Mus. Lapidaire, inv. no. 680. Seen and measured (1.15x0.74x0.20 l. 0.065-0.09) in July 1999. The block could either be part of a base or belong to a larger monument. Mouldings were possibly attached top and bottom.
Bibliography: CIL XII, 1849. Stuart 1939, 608.

C CAESARI GERMANICI F TI AUG N dIVI AUGUSTI PRONEPOTI GERMANICO pONTIFICI Q

Emperor: Caligula
Province: Narbonensis
Town: Saint-Jean-de-la-porte
Context:
Lower date: 37
Upper date: 37
Dating criteria: Trib pot / cos
Type of monument: Base
Dimensions (hxwxd): ? x ? x ? m.
Letter size: ? m.
Type of dedicator: Public, community
Dedicator: Ratiari Voludnienses
Lemmata:
CIL: Basis. JMH: The name of Caligula seems to be in the ablative case as indicated by the final e in Caesare in l. 1. This could well be an error in the copying of the inscription.
Bibliography: CIL XII, 2331. Stuart 1939, 608.

c CAESARE AUG germanico IMP PONT MAX TRIB POTEST COS RATIARI VOLUDNIENSES

Emperor: Caligula
Province: Achaea
Town: Aigiale
Context:
Lower date: 37
Upper date: 41
Dating criteria:
Type of monument: Base
Dimensions (hxwxd): 0.30 x 0.50 x ? m.
Letter size: ? m.
Type of dedicator: Public, community
Dedicator:
Lemmata:
IG: Fragmentum baseos marmorae. Thomb: Marmorbasis, vielleicht zu dem daneben liegenden Fragment einer Statue gehörig, auf der Südseite der Akropolis von Vigla.
Bibliography: IG XII, 7, 437. A. Thomb, Inschriften von den griechischen Inseln, AM 16 (1881) 174, no. 4. Stuart 1939, 608.

Emperor: Caligula
Province: Aquitania
Town: Avaricum
Context:
Lower date: 37
Upper date: 41
Dating criteria:
Type of monument: Base
Dimensions (hxwxd): 0.52 x 0.64 x ? m.
Letter size: ? m.
Type of dedicator: Private, individuals
Dedicator: Etnoso Anavus Attici lib(ertus) v(otum) s(olvit) l(ibens) m(erito)
Lemmata:
CIL: Basis. Rep. m. April a. 1882 Bourges, rue Coursalon, in fundamentis moenium Romanorum. Extat ibi in museo antiquariorum.
Bibliography: CIL XIII, 1189. Stuart 1939, 608.

CAESARI GER MANICO AUG P P ET ETNOSO ANAVUS ATTICI LIB V S L M

Emperor: Caligula
Province: Achaea
Town: Thera
Context: Theatre
Lower date: 37
Upper date: 41
Dating criteria:
Type of monument: Scenae frons
Dimensions (hxwxd): ? x ? x ? m.
Letter size: ? m.
Type of dedicator: Unknown
Dedicator:
Lemmata:
IG: In theatri scenae Romana qui olim fuerant, lapidis inventi sunt. Rose: The dedications were inscribed on stones that formed part of the roman scaenae frons of the theatre, and W. Dörpfeld proposed that the associated statues were placed between the columns of the scenae. The mason marks are still preserved on the blocks, thus permitting a reconstruction of the statuary arrangement: Germanicus (IG 12, 3, suppl., 1393), as Zeus Boulaios, appeared on the left, Vespasian in the centre, and Agrippina (IG 12, 3, suppl., 1392), as Hestia Boulaia, at the right. The Vespasian dedication is clearly a replacement of an earlier one of Caligula.
Bibliography: IG XII, 3, suppl., 1392-1394. H. Dörpfeld, Das Theater von Thera, Thera III: Stadtgeschichte von Thera (1904) 259-260. Rose 1997, 160-161, no. 97.

Emperor: Caligula
Province: Narbonensis
Town: Ruscino
Context: Forum
Lower date:
Upper date: 37
Dating criteria: Non regnans
Type of monument: Probably part of a base
Dimensions (hxwxd): ? x ? x 0.02 m.
Letter size: 0.05-0.06 m.
Type of dedicator: None
Dedicator:
Lemmata:
Espérandieu: Sur ce forum, d'environ 3000 métres carrés de superficie, les statues, dont on reconnu les piédestaux étaient disposées ainsi que l'indique la figure insérée au Bull. archéol. du Comité (1914) p. 185. Toutes les dédicaces sont gravées sur des tablettes de marbre de faible épaisseur, quelquefois opisthographes. JMH: Other inscriptions from the Forum honor: Germanicus, Drusus II, Agrippina I, Tiberius, Drusilla?, Drusus III, Claudius?, and Agrippina II.
Bibliography: Rose 1997, 130-131, no. 57. Espérandieu 1929, 183-187, no. 620. M. Gayraud, Les inscriptions de Ruscino, RANarb suppl. 7 (1980) 76-77, no. 5.

c caeSARI germanici CAEASRIS f ti caesaris augusti nePOTI

Emperor: Caligula
Province: Narbonensis
Town: Maritima
Context:
Lower date: 40
Upper date: 40
Dating criteria: Cos 3
Type of monument: Altar
Dimensions (hxwxd): 1.11 x 0.60 x 0.47 m.
Letter size: 0.05 m.
Type of dedicator: Private, individuals
Dedicator: Sex Aelanius Pisinus sevir Augustalis d(e) s(ua) p(ecunia) d(edit)
Lemmata:
Espérandieu: Autel trouvé au pont de l'ille et conservé à Carry-le-Rouet, dans le jardin de M. Ph. Jourde.
Bibliography: Espérandieu 1929, 29-30, no. 89.

CAESARI GERMANICO trib pot ... COS III SEX AELaNIUS PISINUS SEVIR AUGUSTALIS D S p D

Emperor: Caligula
Province: Narbonensis
Town: Vienna
Context:
Lower date: 33
Upper date: 37
Dating criteria: Pontifex
Type of monument: Tabula
Dimensions (hxwxd): 0.19 x 0.18 x 0.08 m.
Letter size: 0.05 m.
Type of dedicator: Unknown
Dedicator:
Lemmata:
AE: Fragment de plaque de marbre. La restitution de ce document est rendue possible par la comparation avec les deux inscriptions CIL XII, 1848 et 1849.
Bibliography: AE 1995, 1039. F. Bertrandy, Études Savoisiennes 4 (1995) 67-76.

c caesari germanici f ti augusti n diVI Aug pron GERManico pontifici q

Emperor: Caligula
Province: Asia
Town: Sardis
Context:
Lower date: 37
Upper date: 41
Dating criteria: Type of monument: Unknown
Dimensions (hxwxd): 1.18 x 2.06 x 0.26 m.
Letter size: 0.09 m.
Type of dedicator: Public, community
Dedicator:
Lemmata: AE: En 1965, dans les fondations d'un édifice d'époque tardive, au SE de la synagogue. Bloc de marbre brisé à g., avec moulure sup. abattue; surface inscrite détruite en b. à g. Les deux dernières lettres de la première l. sont gravées sur un martelage. Herrmann: Besonders eindrücksvoll ist ein über zwei Meter breiter Marmorblock, der 1965 freigelegt wurde, und zwar im Unterbau eines spätantiken Tetrapylon.
Bibliography: AE 1995, 1459. SEG 45, 1645. P. Herrmann, Sardeis, in E. Schwertheim, Forschungen in Lydien, Asia Minor Studien 17 (Bonn 1995) 31-32.

Emperor: Caligula
Province: Italia, Etruria (Regio VII)
Town: Veii
Context: Lower date:
Upper date: 37
Dating criteria: Non regnans
Type of monument: Tabula
Dimensions (hxwxd): ? x ? x ? m.
Letter size: ? m.
Type of dedicator: Unknown
Dedicator:
Lemmata:
CIL: Fragmentum tabulae marmoreae. Fuit a. 1909 Isola Farnese insertum in pavimento ante scalas, quibus adscenditur ad aedes, quae sunt observae palatio baronali.
Bibliography: CIL XI, 7744.

c caesari germanico germanici f TI AUG n divi augusti pRON ...

Emperor: Caligula
Province: Asia
Town: Amyzon
Context: Lower date: 37
Upper date: 41
Dating criteria: Type of monument: Base
Dimensions (hxwxd): 0.10 x 0.90 x ? m.
Letter size: 0.025 m.
Type of dedicator: Private, individuals
Dedicator: Lemmata: Robert: Au mur Ouest, près de l'angle Nord-Ouest, sommet d'une base de marbre. Sur le petit côté droit, en haut, anathyrose; en bas, trou de goujon; il devait donc y avoir à droite une autre base, formant un ensemble avec celle-ci.
Bibliography: J. & L. Robert, Fouilles d'Amyzon en Carie (Paris 1983) 266, no. 68.

Emperor: Caligula
Province: Asia
Town:
Kalymna
Context: Lower date:
Upper date: 37
Dating criteria: Non regnans
Type of monument: Base
Dimensions (hxwxd): 0.72 x 0.57 x 0.57 m.
Letter size: 0.03 m.
Type of dedicator: Public, community
Dedicator:
Lemmata:
Segre: Basis rotunda marmoris albi, superne mutila.
Bibliography: IGRR IV, 1023. Stuart 1938, 18. M. Segre, Tituli Calymnii, ASAtene 22-23 (1944-1945) 164-165, no. 143.

Emperor: Caligula
Province: Achaea
Town: Exarkhos
Context: Lower date: 37
Upper date: 41
Dating criteria: Type of monument: Unknown
Dimensions (hxwxd): ? x ? x ? m.
Letter size: ? m.
Type of dedicator: Private, individuals
Dedicator:
Lemmata:
Mellor: A text from Exarchos in Phocis records the dedication of a statue of Caligula to the goddess Roma. To my knowledge, the complete text has not been published. Klaffenbach: Ein Neufund war aber auch hier beschert: die Weihung einer Statue des Kaisers Caligula durch den ajrciereu" aujtou' dia; bivou an den Göttin rJwvmh;. In Namen des Kaisers ist das Wort Gavion durch Rasur getilgt. JMH: The inscription could come from either Abai or Hyampolis. To my knowledge the inscription has still not been properly published.
Bibliography:
R. Mellor, Qea; JRwvmh, The Worship of the Goddess Roma in the Greek World (Göttingen 1975) 106, 211, no. 40. G. Klaffenbach, Reise durch Mittelgrieschenland und die Ionischen Inseln, SBBerlin (1935) 705-706.

All Information used with the kind permission of Jacob Hotje who did a wonderful work on Roman Imperial statue bases which I recommend. 

FOR EDUCATIONAL USE ONLY