- The Collaborative Numismatics Project
  Welcome Guest. Please login or register. The column on the left includes the "Best of NumisWiki" menu. If you are new to collecting, start with Ancient Coin Collecting 101. All blue text is linked. Keep clicking to endlessly explore. Welcome Guest. Please login or register. The column on the left includes the "Best of NumisWiki" menu. All blue text is linked. Keep clicking to endlessly explore. If you have written a numismatic article, please add it to NumisWiki.

× Resources Home
New Articles
Most Popular
Recent Changes
Current Projects
Admin Discussions
How to
Index Of All Titles


Aes Grave
Aes Rude
The Age of Gallienus
Alexander Tetradrachms
Ancient Coin Collecting 101
Ancient Coin Prices 101
Ancient Coin Dates
Ancient Coin Lesson Plans
Ancient Coins & Modern Fakes
Ancient Counterfeits
Ancient Glass
Ancient Oil Lamps
Ancient Weapons
Ancient Wages and Prices
Ancient Weights and Scales
Anonymous Folles
Anonymous Follis
Anonymous Class A Folles
Antioch Officinae
Armenian Numismatics Page
Byzantine Denominations
A Cabinet of Greek Coins
Caesarean and Actian Eras
Campgates of Constantine
A Case of Counterfeits
Byzantine Christian Themes
Clashed Dies
Coins of Pontius Pilate
Conditions of Manufacture
Corinth Coins and Cults
Countermarked in Late Antiquity
Danubian Celts
Damnatio Coinage
Damnatio Memoriae
Denarii of Otho
Diameter 101
Die Alignment 101
Dictionary of Roman Coins
Doug Smith's Ancient Coins
Edict on Prices
ERIC - Rarity Tables
Etruscan Alphabet
The Evolving Ancient Coin Market
Facing Portrait of Augustus
Fel Temp Reparatio
Fertility Pregnancy and Childbirth
Friend or Foe
The Gallic Empire
Gallienus Zoo
Greek Alphabet
Greek Coins
Greek Dates
Greek Coin Denominations
Greek Mythology Link
Greek Numismatic Dictionary
Hellenistic Names & their Meanings
Hasmonean Dynasty
Helvetica's ID Help Page
The Hexastyle Temple of Caligula
Historia Numorum
Horse Harnesses
Identifying Ancient Metal Arrowheads
Illustrated Ancient Coin Glossary
Important Collection Auctions
Islamic Rulers and Dynasties
Julian II: The Beard and the Bull
Julius Caesar - The Funeral Speech
Kushan Coins
People in the Bible Who Issued Coins
Imperial Mints of Philip the Arab
Later Roman Coinage
Latin Plurals
Latin Pronunciation
Library of Ancient Coinage
Life in Ancient Rome
List of Kings of Judea
Malloy Weapons
Maps of the Ancient World
Military Belts
Mint Marks
Museum Collections Available Online
Nabataean Alphabet
Nabataean Numerals
The [Not] Cuirassed Elephant
Not in RIC
Numismatic Bulgarian
Numismatic Excellence Award
Numismatic French
Numismatic German
Numismatic Italian
Numismatic Spanish
Parthian Coins
Patina 101
Paleo-Hebrew Alphabet
Phoenician Alphabet
Pi-Style Athens Tetradrachms
Pricing and Grading Roman Coins
Reading Judean Coins
Representations of Alexander the Great
Roman Coin Attribution 101
Roman Militaria
Roman Mints
Roman Names
Rome and China
Satyrs and Nymphs
Serdi Celts
The Sign that Changed the World
Silver Content of Parthian Drachms
Star of Bethlehem Coins
Statuary Coins
Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum
Syracusian Folles
Taras Drachms with Owl Left
The Temple Tax
The Temple Tax Hoard
Test Cut
Travels of Paul
Tribute Penny
Tribute Penny Debate Continued (2015)
Tribute Penny Debate Revisited (2006)
Tyrian Shekels
Uncleaned Ancient Coins 101
Venus Cloacina
What I Like About Ancient Coins
Who was Trajan Decius
Widow's Mite

   View Menu

Busts - Ornaments Of

Please add updates or make corrections to the NumisWiki text version as appropriate.
    Busts----Ornaments of.----The busts which appear on coins are accompanied by certain symbols peculiar to them, especially when the two arms are visible, as is generally the case on medallions; and even on the smallest coins of the Lower Empire. The princes represented on these monuments often hold a globe in their hand, to show that they are the masters of the world. This globe is sometimes surmounted by a winged Victory, which holds a crown or wreath, designating that it is to Victory the reigning prince owes his imperial throne. The scepter which they hold in their hand, when in the consular habit, is surmounted by a globe charged with an eagle, to show by these marks of sovereign power that the prince governs by himself. From the time of Augustus the consular scepter, to which reference here is made, appears constantly on the imperial series of Roman coins. When the persons represented are in arms, besides the helmet and buckler, they have generally a javelin in the hand or on the shoulder, as on brass medallions of Diocletian, S. Severus, Probus.    (See the respective biographical notices of those emperors).
    The thunderbolt, which is sometimes placed behind the head of a prince, as on a medal of Augustus, marks the sovereign authority, and indicates the assumption of a power equal to that of the gods.----The crescent is often employed as a support to the bust of empresses, who aspired to hold in the State, of which the emperor was assumed to be the sun, that place which was assigned to the moon in the heavens. (See Jobert edited by Bimard, vol. i. 370, et seq.)----On coins of the lower empire, the globe is seen surmounted by a cross, especially after the reign of Constantine, when the Christian Religion having been fully established as that of the State, emperors professed their wish to indicate thereby that they regarded themselves as holding the empire from Jesus Christ, whose bust the Byzantine emperors had the presumption to place on the reverse of their coins, and named for that ostensible reason, REX REGNANTIVM- the King of Kings.

View whole page from the Dictionary Of Roman Coins