- The Collaborative Numismatics Project
  Welcome Guest. Please login or register. The column on the left includes the "Best of NumisWiki" menu. If you are new to collecting, start with Ancient Coin Collecting 101. All blue text is linked. Keep clicking to endlessly explore. Welcome Guest. Please login or register. The column on the left includes the "Best of NumisWiki" menu. All blue text is linked. Keep clicking to endlessly explore. If you have written a numismatic article, please add it to NumisWiki.

Resources Home
Home
New Articles
Most Popular
Recent Changes
Current Projects
Admin Discussions
Guidelines
How to

Index Of All Titles


BEST OF

AEQVITI
Aes Grave
Aes Rude
The Age of Gallienus
Alexander Tetradrachms
Ancient Coin Collecting 101
Ancient Coin Prices 101
Ancient Coin Dates
Ancient Coin Lesson Plans
Ancient Coins & Modern Fakes
Ancient Counterfeits
Ancient Glass
Ancient Oil Lamps
Ancient Weapons
Ancient Wages and Prices
Ancient Weights and Scales
Anonymous Folles
Anonymous Follis
Anonymous Class A Folles
Antioch Officinae
Aphlaston
Armenian Numismatics Page
Brockage
Byzantine
Byzantine Denominations
A Cabinet of Greek Coins
Caesarean and Actian Eras
Campgates of Constantine
Carausius
A Case of Counterfeits
Byzantine Christian Themes
Clashed Dies
Codewords
Coins of Pontius Pilate
Conditions of Manufacture
Corinth Coins and Cults
Countermarked in Late Antiquity
Danubian Celts
Damnatio Coinage
Damnatio Memoriae
Denomination
Denarii of Otho
Diameter 101
Die Alignment 101
Dictionary of Roman Coins
Doug Smith's Ancient Coins
Edict on Prices
ERIC
ERIC - Rarity Tables
Etruscan Alphabet
The Evolving Ancient Coin Market
EQVITI
Facing Portrait of Augustus
Fel Temp Reparatio
Fertility Pregnancy and Childbirth
Fibula
Flavian
Fourree
Friend or Foe
The Gallic Empire
Gallienus Zoo
Greek Alphabet
Greek Coins
Greek Dates
Greek Coin Denominations
Greek Mythology Link
Greek Numismatic Dictionary
Hellenistic Names & their Meanings
Hasmoneans
Hasmonean Dynasty
Helvetica's ID Help Page
The Hexastyle Temple of Caligula
Historia Numorum
Horse Harnesses
Identifying Ancient Metal Arrowheads
Illustrated Ancient Coin Glossary
Important Collection Auctions
Islamic Rulers and Dynasties
Koson
Kushan Coins
People in the Bible Who Issued Coins
Imperial Mints of Philip the Arab
Later Roman Coinage
Latin Plurals
Latin Pronunciation
Library of Ancient Coinage
Life in Ancient Rome
List of Kings of Judea
Malloy Weapons
Maps of the Ancient World
Military Belts
Mint Marks
Monogram
Museum Collections Available Online
Nabataean Alphabet
Nabataean Numerals
The [Not] Cuirassed Elephant
Not in RIC
Numismatic Bulgarian
Numismatic Excellence Award
Numismatic French
Numismatic German
Numismatic Italian
Numismatic Spanish
Parthian Coins
Patina 101
Paleo-Hebrew Alphabet
Phoenician Alphabet
Pi-Style Athens Tetradrachms
Pricing and Grading Roman Coins
Reading Judean Coins
Representations of Alexander the Great
Roman Coin Attribution 101
Roman Militaria
Roman Mints
Roman Names
romancoin.info
Rome and China
Satyrs and Nymphs
Scarabs
Serdi Celts
Serrated
Siglos
The Sign that Changed the World
Silver Content of Parthian Drachms
Star of Bethlehem Coins
Statuary Coins
Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum
Syracusian Folles
Taras Drachms with Owl Left
The Temple Tax
The Temple Tax Hoard
Test Cut
Travels of Paul
Tribute Penny
Tribute Penny Debate Continued (2015)
Tribute Penny Debate Revisited (2006)
Tyrian Shekels
Uncleaned Ancient Coins 101
Vabalathus
Venus Cloacina
What I Like About Ancient Coins
Who was Trajan Decius
Widow's Mite
XXI

   View Menu
 

Aurora





Please add updates or make corrections to the NumisWiki text version as appropriate.


AURORA. - he daughter of Titan, and harbinger of the Sun, appears as a winged figure, between four horses, whose reins she holds, on a coin of L. Plancus. - See Plautia gens.

There is also another image of "the rosy fingered" demi-goddess, on a brass medallion of Trajan (below).

The obverse bears the head of Trajan, and the legend DIVO NERVAE TRAIANO AVG.
The reverse legend is S P Q R DIVO TRAIANO PARTHICO. The type represents Aurora holding in her right hand a lighted torch, and in her left a palm branch. She stands in a chariot drawn conjointly by a lion and a wild boar. Hercules precedes, holding a club on his right shoulder. - See Tristan, who gives an engraving of this reverse in T. i. p. 404 of his Commentaires, of which an accurate copy is furnished in the foregoing cut.
On this very remarkable relic of monetal antiquity, the author of Doctrina makes the following explanatory animadversions, in the 442nd page of his sixth volume, where he classes it amongst those, which were undoubtedly minted on the occasion of the triumphal honours decreed to Trajan after his death:-
 "This beautiful coin (vi. 442), on account of its singular type, I have determined by no means to overlook, although aware that by some it is reckoned amongst the contorniati. The appropriate management of the allegory, and the connection between the obverse and reverse, which is scarcely ever observable in the whole batch of contorniates, induce me without hesitation to concur with Havercamp, in rescuing it from that inferior class of medals. ut I am not at all satisfied with the interpretations, far-fetched and beside the purpose, which have been applied to it, as well by Erizzo as by Tristan, and lastly by Havercamp himself. For, in the design of this precious medallion (says Eckhel) I recognise the triumph of Aurora, brought about under the auspices of Trajan, a second Hercules, with the vanquished barbarians reduced like wild beasts to her yoke. It is easy, indeed, to prove, that the figure in the chariot represents Aurora; and not, as others have thought, Victory, or a winged Diana. By common consent, the wings and the torch belong to Aurora alone. You see her winged on denarii of the Plautia family. She bears a torch on a famous Alexandrine coin, with a head of Lucius Verus. It was, in fact, a long established custom, to denote countries situated towards the east, by a figure of the Sun, or of Aurora. Thus on gold coins of Trajan, struck after he had set out on the Parthian campaign, you may frequently percieve a head of the Sun; and at the time that Lucius Verus was engaged in a war with the Parthians, a coin was struck at Alexandria, with the type of Aurora, and the inscription H omega, the Greek word for Aurora. - And lastly, ORIENS AVG. with a type of the Sun, or Aurora, indicates that quarter of the globe, which furnished the emperors with occasions both of war and of glory. On this principle too, Virgil calls the eastern countries Aurorae populos, or vires Orientis. With equal elegance of idea, the Nemaean lion and the boar of Erymanthus, yoked to a chariot, serve to signify the Parthians vanquished by the new Hercules, like monsters pernicious to the Roman world, and just brought to submission. Thus we read, that Sesostris was carried in public procession, on a triumphal car, drawn by the kings whom he had conquered in battle. The present coin, then, allegorises, in a felicitous manner, the Roman provinces of the east delivered from the Parthians; the latter people reduced to the condition of servitude; and Trajan himself the avenger; it being for this rason that, omitting his other titles of Germanicus, and Dacicus, he is here styled only Parthicus."
 


View whole page from the Dictionary Of Roman Coins