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XXI

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Alesia Fibulae Group

The Alesia group of Roman bow fibulae were the first Roman hinged fibula type.  In general they are affiliated with the Roman military, which used them from the mid 1st c BC to the early 1st c AD.  They were replaced by the Aucissa group of fibulae.


Regular Alesia Fibulae

Typology:  Demetz I


Dates:  c. 70/60 - 20/10 BC


Distribution:  Origin in NE Italy (possibly Aquileia).  Found in Gaul and the Balkans.


Notes:  The bow is in the form of a narrow triangle, wide at the head tapering to a point at the foot.  Some are plain while others have moulded or incised decoration in low relief.


Alesia Fibulae with Perforated Bow

Typology:  Garbsch A 242.4


Dates:  c. 30/20 BC - AD 150, flourished AD 40 - 80/90.


Distribution:  Raetian and Danubian Limes




Image:  A perforated Alesia fibula.  The even arch of the bow is clear as is the perforation.  Part of the catch at the foot has broken off.  (SC Collection)




Image: This top view of the same fibula shows the evenly tapering bow.  The chevron perforation and converging line decoration emphasizes the tapering.  (SC Collection)


Alesia Fibulae with Segmented (or H-shaped) Bow

Typology:  Demetz IIa; Feugere 21b1; Guštin I2


Dates:  c. 60/50 - 10/1 BC


Distribution:  Origin in NE Italy.  Common in southern Gaul and the eastern Alps


Notes:  The bow is not triangular in form and does not taper evenly.  Instead, it begins with a wide section, then narrows at right angles, and then has another wide section above the foot.  This gives the over-all form of a letter H or an I-beam.




Image: The I-beam or H shape of the bow can be seen in this top view.  The head of this example looks more like an Aucissa fibula.  (SC Collection)

  

Alesia Fibulae with Roundel/Cup on Bow

Typology:  Demetz IIb; Guštin II6


Distribution:  Origin in NE Italy (possibly Aquileia).


Notes:  This rare type has a flat rectangular bow with a concave rondel or cup in the middle of the bow.


Alesia Fibulae with Oval Foot

Typology:  Demetz IIc; Guštin I3


Dates:  c. 40 - 1 BC


Notes:  This rare type has a foot in the form of a wide oval.


Alesia Fibulae with Bow with Pair of Perforated Ovals

Typology:  Demetz IId; Guštin II7


Dates:  c. 40 - 1 BC


Notes:  This rare type has a wide bow two large oval perforations.

 

Alesia Fibulae with Small Narrow Bow

Typology:  A 242.3


Dates:  c. AD 40 - 80/90, alternately 20 BC - AD 50


Distribution:  Pannonia and Dalmatia


Alesia Fibulae with Low-Arch Bow with Square Section

Typology:  Garbsch A 242.6


Dates:  c. AD 50 - 130


Distribution:  Western Empire


Alesia Fibulae with Simple Round-Section Bow

Dates:  c. AD 75 - 140


Distribution: Dalmatia, northern Italy