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Acclamatores



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ACCLAMATIONES, or customary words shouted by the populace at public games, in the circus at Rome, and in other great cities, to express their aspirations for the success of their favourites in the contest: such as EVTIMI. VINCAS - OLYMPI. NIKA or NICAS- PLACEAS.

These formulae acclamationum are to be found inscribed on contorniate medals, and other pseudo-monetae. - Nika is the Greek word corresponding in signification to Vincas. Acclamations of the same kind are exhibited on ancient gems, but of the period of the Lower Empire.- Eckhel, viii. 801.- They were also a species of benedictions, which consisted in wishing to the reigning Emperor, life, health, and victory: such as that which is seen on a coin of Constantine- Plura natalitia feliciter: and on that of Constans, Felicia Decennalia [see the words]. The respective legends on a large brass of Hadrian, and a denarius of Alexander Severus, may also be placed amongst these acclamations. - See A.N.P.F.; also AETERNITATIRVS.
Referring to a large brass in his own collection, having on the obverse "a laurelled head of HADRIANVS AUGUSTUS, and for legend of reverse Consul Tertium Pater Patriae S. C.," Capt. Smyth says (p. 102), "This is an acclamation medal. The Emperor stands on a tribunal, decorated with rostra, before a temple. He is haranguing the public, and making a welcome announcement; the latter are represented by three togated citizens, who lift their hands in the fulness of admiration and applause." For a type similar to this very rare reverse, engraved from a coin in the British Museum, see COS. III. P. P. S. C. of Hadrian, in this Dictionary.




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