- The Collaborative Numismatics Project
  Welcome Guest. Please login or register. The column on the left includes the "Best of NumisWiki" menu. If you are new to collecting, start with Ancient Coin Collecting 101. All blue text is linked. Keep clicking to endlessly explore. Welcome Guest. Please login or register. The column on the left includes the "Best of NumisWiki" menu. All blue text is linked. Keep clicking to endlessly explore. If you have written a numismatic article, please add it to NumisWiki.

Resources Home
Home
New Articles
Most Popular
Recent Changes
Current Projects
Admin Discussions
Guidelines
How to

Index Of All Titles


BEST OF

AEQVITI
Aes Grave
Aes Rude
The Age of Gallienus
Alexander Tetradrachms
Ancient Coin Collecting 101
Ancient Coin Prices 101
Ancient Coin Dates
Ancient Coin Lesson Plans
Ancient Coins & Modern Fakes
Ancient Counterfeits
Ancient Glass
Ancient Oil Lamps
Ancient Weapons
Ancient Wages and Prices
Ancient Weights and Scales
Anonymous Folles
Anonymous Follis
Anonymous Class A Folles
Antioch Officinae
Aphlaston
Armenian Numismatics Page
Brockage
Byzantine
Byzantine Denominations
A Cabinet of Greek Coins
Caesarean and Actian Eras
Campgates of Constantine
Carausius
A Case of Counterfeits
Byzantine Christian Themes
Clashed Dies
Codewords
Coins of Pontius Pilate
Conditions of Manufacture
Corinth Coins and Cults
Countermarked in Late Antiquity
Danubian Celts
Damnatio Coinage
Damnatio Memoriae
Denomination
Denarii of Otho
Diameter 101
Die Alignment 101
Dictionary of Roman Coins
Doug Smith's Ancient Coins
Edict on Prices
ERIC
ERIC - Rarity Tables
Etruscan Alphabet
The Evolving Ancient Coin Market
EQVITI
Facing Portrait of Augustus
Fel Temp Reparatio
Fertility Pregnancy and Childbirth
Fibula
Flavian
Fourree
Friend or Foe
The Gallic Empire
Gallienus Zoo
Greek Alphabet
Greek Coins
Greek Dates
Greek Coin Denominations
Greek Mythology Link
Greek Numismatic Dictionary
Hellenistic Names & their Meanings
Hasmoneans
Hasmonean Dynasty
Helvetica's ID Help Page
The Hexastyle Temple of Caligula
Historia Numorum
Horse Harnesses
Identifying Ancient Metal Arrowheads
Illustrated Ancient Coin Glossary
Important Collection Auctions
Islamic Rulers and Dynasties
Koson
Kushan Coins
People in the Bible Who Issued Coins
Imperial Mints of Philip the Arab
Later Roman Coinage
Latin Plurals
Latin Pronunciation
Library of Ancient Coinage
Life in Ancient Rome
List of Kings of Judea
Malloy Weapons
Maps of the Ancient World
Military Belts
Mint Marks
Monogram
Museum Collections Available Online
Nabataean Alphabet
Nabataean Numerals
The [Not] Cuirassed Elephant
Not in RIC
Numismatic Bulgarian
Numismatic Excellence Award
Numismatic French
Numismatic German
Numismatic Italian
Numismatic Spanish
Parthian Coins
Patina 101
Paleo-Hebrew Alphabet
Phoenician Alphabet
Pi-Style Athens Tetradrachms
Pricing and Grading Roman Coins
Reading Judean Coins
Representations of Alexander the Great
Roman Coin Attribution 101
Roman Militaria
Roman Mints
Roman Names
romancoin.info
Rome and China
Satyrs and Nymphs
Scarabs
Serdi Celts
Serrated
Siglos
The Sign that Changed the World
Silver Content of Parthian Drachms
Star of Bethlehem Coins
Statuary Coins
Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum
Syracusian Folles
Taras Drachms with Owl Left
The Temple Tax
The Temple Tax Hoard
Test Cut
Travels of Paul
Tribute Penny
Tribute Penny Debate Continued (2015)
Tribute Penny Debate Revisited (2006)
Tyrian Shekels
Uncleaned Ancient Coins 101
Vabalathus
Venus Cloacina
What I Like About Ancient Coins
Who was Trajan Decius
Widow's Mite
XXI

   View Menu
 

AVGVSTA (Augusta)

Latin: Empress (usually the wife, sometimes the daughter of the emperor.)

An epithet applied to colonies settled under the direction of Augustus.


The Roman Augustae (Empresses)

A list of Roman women on coins, and their lifespans (if known) and the years they were Augustae (if known):

Fulvia -- Died 40 BC.  Third wife of Marc Antony.

Octavia -- Died 11 BC.  Fourth wife of Marc Antony.

Cleopatra VII -- 69-30 BC.  Queen of Egypt, 51-30 BC.

Julia -- 39 BC-14 AD.  Daughter of Augustus.

Livia -- 58 BC-AD 29.  Wife of Augustus, mother of Tiberius. Augusta, 14-29 AD.

Livilla -- c. 13 BC-AD 31.  Wife of Drusus.

Antonia -- 36 BC-AD 37.  Daughter of Marc Antony and Octavia, wife of Nero Claudius Drusus, mother of Claudius.  Augusta, 37 and 41 AD.

Agrippina Senior -- 14 BC-AD 33.  Wife of Germanicus, mother of Caligula.
 
Caesonia -- Died AD 41.  Wife of Caligula.

Drusilla Minor -- AD 39-41.  Daughter of  Caligula.

Drusilla -- AD 16-38.  Sister of Caligula.

Julia Livilla -- AD 17/18-42.  Sister of Caligula.

Claudia Antonia -- AD 27-66.  Daughter of Claudius.

Valeria Messalina -- AD 25-48.  Third wife of Claudius.  Augusta, AD 41-48.

Agrippina the Younger -- AD 15-59.  Sister of Caligula, wife of Claudius, mother of Nero.  Augusta, AD 50-59.

Claudia Octavia -- AD 40(?)-62.  Daughter of Claudius and Valeria Messalina, first wife of Nero.  Augusta, AD 54-62.

Poppaea Sabina -- AD 31-65.  Second wife of Nero.  Augusta, AD 62-65.

Claudia Neronis --Lived 4 months. Daughter of Nero and Poppaea.  Augusta, AD 63.

Statilia Messalina -- Lifespan unknown.  Third wife of Nero.  Augusta, AD 66-68.

Vitellia -- Lifespan unknown.  Daughter of Vitellius.

Domitilla the Elder -- Died before AD 69.  First wife of Vespasian, mother of Titus and Domitian.

Domitilla the Younger -- Died before AD 69.  Daughter of Vespasian.  Augusta Posthumously.

Julia Titi -- AD 64/65-90/91.  Daughter of Titus, lived for a time with her uncle Domitian as his wife.  Augusta, c. 79-90/91.

Domitia -- c. AD 50-55-c. 140.  Wife of Domitian.  Augusta, AD 82-96.

Plotina -- c. AD 70-122(?).  Wife of Trajan, Augusta, c. AD 105-122(?).

Marciana -- Sister of Trajan, Augusta, c. AD 105-112/4(?).

Matidia -- c. AD 68-119. Daughter of Marciana.  Augusta, AD 112/4(?)-119.

Sabina -- Died AD 136. Wife of Hadrian.  Augusta, AD 128(?)-136.

Faustina Senior -- AD 98/105-140/1.  Wife of Antoninus Pius.  Augusta AD 138-140/1.

Faustina Junior -- Died 175/6. Wife of Marcus Aurelius. Augusta, AD 147-175/6.

Lucilla -- AD 148/9-182/3. Wife of Lucius Verus, sister of Commodus. Augusta, AD 164-182/3 AD.

Crispina -- Died AD 182/3. Wife of Commodus. Augusta, AD 177-182/3.

Titiana -- Lifespan unknown. Wife of Pertinax. Augusta, AD 193.

Manilia Scantilla -- Lifespan unknown. Wife of Didius Julianus, Augusta, AD 193.

Didia Clara -- Born AD 153. Daughter of Didius Julianus, Augusta, AD 193.

Julia Domna -- c. AD 170-217. Wife of Septimius Severus, Augusta, AD 193-217.

Plautilla -- Wife of Caracalla, killed 211.

Julia Maesa -- Died AD 224/5. Sister of Julia Domna, grandmother of Elagabalus and Severus Alexander.  Augusta, AD 218-224/5.

Julia Soaemias -- Died AD 222. Mother of Elagabalus. Augusta AD 218-222.

Julia Paula -- Lifespan unknown. First wife of Elagabalus. Augusta, AD 219-220.

Aquilia Severa -- Lifespan unknown. Second and fourth wife of Elagabalus. Augusta, AD 220-221 & 221-222.

Annia Faustina -- Born c.AD 175 or c. 185. Third wife of Elagabalus. Augusta, AD 221.

Julia Mamaea -- Died AD 235. Mother of Severus Alexander. Augusta, AD 222-235.

Orbiana -- Lifespan unknown. Third wife of Severus Alexander. Augusta, AD 225-227.

Paulina -- Died c. AD 235 or before. Wife of Maximinus I.

Tranquillina -- Wife of Gordian III, married him 241 AD.

Otacilia Severa -- Died AD 249(?). Wife of Philip I. Augusta, AD 244-49.

Herennia Etruscilla -- Lifespan unknown. Wife of Trajan Decius. Augusta, AD 249-253(?).

Cornelia Supera -- Lifespan unknown. Wife of Aemelian. Augusta, AD 253.

Mariniana -- Died c. AD 253(?). Wife of Valerian I.

Salonina -- Died AD 268. Wife of Gallienus. Augusta, AD 254-268.

Dryantilla -- Died AD 260/261(?). Wife of Regalianus. Augusta, AD 260.

Severina -- Lifespan unknown. Wife of Aurelian. Augusta, AD 274-275.

Magnia Urbica -- Died AD 285(?). Wife of Carinus. Augusta, AD 283-285.

Zenobia -- Born c. AD 241(?). Queen of Palmyra, captured and brought to Rome by Aurelian. Queen, AD 267-270/1. Augusta, AD 270/1-272.

Galeria Valeria -- Died AD 315. Daughter of Diocletian, wife of Galerius. Augusta, AD 293(?)-311.
 
Helena -- c. AD 248/50-c. 328/330. First (?) wife of Constantius I, mother of Constantine the Great. Augusta, AD 324-328/30.

Theodora -- Lifespan unknown. Second wife of Constantius I. Augusta, Posthumously(?).

Constantia -- c. AD 295(?)-c. 330. Wife of Licinius I. Augusta, AD 313-324.

Fausta -- Died AD 326. Wife of Constantine I (the Great) daughter of Maximian. Augusta, AD 324-326.

The Western Roman Empire AD 364-480

Gallia Plaucidia -- AD 388/90-450. Daughter of Theodosius the Great. Augusta, AD 421-450.

Honoria -- AD 417/8-454. Sister of Valentinian III. Augusta, AD 426(?)-450(?).

Licinia Eudoxia -- AD 422/3-c. 490. Daughter of Theodosius II, wife of Valentinian III. Augusta, AD 439-c. 490.

Aelia Euphemia -- Lifespan unknown. Wife of Anthemius. Augusta, AD 467-472(?).

Alypia -- Lifespan unknown. Daughter of Anthemius and Aelia Euphemia. Augusta(?), AD 467(?)-472(?).

The Eastern Roman Empire AD 364-491.

Aelia Flaccilla -- Died 386/8 AD. Wife of Theodosius I (the Great). Augusta, AD 379-386/8.

Aelia Eudoxia -- Died 404 AD. Wife of Arcadius. Augusta, AD 400-404.

Aelia Pulcheria -- AD 399-453. Sister of Theodosius II. Augusta, AD 414-453.

Aelia Eudocia -- Died AD 460. Wife of Theodosius II. Augusta, AD 423-460.

Aelia Verina -- Died 484 AD. wife of Leo I. Augusta, AD 457-484.

Aelia Ariadne -- Died AD 515. Wife of Zeno. Augusta, AD 474(?)-515.

Aelia Zenonis -- Died AD 477. Wife of Basiliscus. Augusta, AD 475-476.


DICTIONARY OF ROMAN COINS





Please help us convert the Dictionary of Roman Coins from scans to text by typing the original text here. Please add updates or make corrections to the NumisWiki text version as appropriate.


AVGVSTA. -- This epithet is of frequent occurrence on Roman coins of the Imperial series. It was a title decreed to the wives of Emperors; the quality of Augusta, as regarded by the first empresses, being indeed the only distinctive appellation, which served (as it were) to consecrate their rank. These princesses, however, though declared Augustae were not on that account less subject to the laws which governed private individuals. Nor does it seem that they were admitted to the privilege of having their title and effigy borne on coins, except by degrees and under certain restrictions. At the commencement, these honors were dedicated to them only on coins struck in the provinces. Afterwards, when their portraits were engraved on those actually minted at Rome, it was done under the personifications, or symbols, of certain divinities, or of certain deified virtues. But the custom, once introduced by Augustus, perpetuated itself; and almost all his successors caused or at least permitted, the likenesses of their wives (and occasionally other near relations, as well female as male), to be placed on a portion of their coinage. Accordingly, when not found on Roman coins, properly so called, they are usually seen on those of some provincial city of the empire.

 

 

 

 


View whole page from the Dictionary Of Roman Coins