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ABVNDANTIA AVG TEMPORVM



 



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ABVNDANTIA TEMPORVM A very rare brass medallion of Salonina, the wife of Gallienus, has for the type of its reverse, a woman seated, supporting a cornucopia, which she extends towards and pours out before, five children, a woman on each side standing, one of them holding the hasta pura. The epigraph of Abundantia Temporum is here new to Roman coins. The Empress is represented under the attributes of Abundance, for some noble act of

characteristic munificence ascribed to her, as is seen on another coin bearing the legend ANNONA. - (Eckhel, vii. p. 18.) - The historians of the time, (from A. D. 253 to 268) apparently preferring to record stirring events rather than benevolent actions, offer no tribute to the retiring virtues of Salonina. It has been left for numismatic monuments to rescue from oblivion the her modest merits.  Salonina not only caused distributions of corn to be made to the people; but she also took little children and young girls under her care and protection. And here, on this coin, we may probably recognize the attestation of a redeeming fact, that the Empress's goodness restored temporal abundance, and relieved social destitution, in a degenerate age, under a profligate prince and a disastrous reign.

The legend of ABVNDANTIA AVG., and the type of a woman standing with horn of plenty reversed, are found on gold of Trajanus Decius, on silver of his wife Etruscilla, and on third brass of both the elder and younger Tetricus. On a small brass of the latter, the prefericulum, or sacrificial vase, is the accompanying type
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