RESTITVTOR ORBIS

Latin: to the Restorer of the World.


DICTIONARY OF ROMAN| COINS|





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RESTITVTOR ORBIS:

- Aurelian standing, with Victory presenting a laurel crown; third brass.
- A woman wearing a stola offers a crown to Aurelian; a star in the field, KAG in exergue; third brass.
- A woman wearing a stola offers a crown to Aurelian; captive kneeling in field, KAG in exergue; thrid brass

From these coins Spanheim takes occasion to animadvert [sound-off] upon the cruel, sanguinary [blood-thirsty], and ferocious disposition which characterised the celebrated prince. In fact, historians agree in speaking of him, as one who has no less stained the empire by his cruelty, than he had restored it by his victories gained over the Sarmatian, the Goths, the Palmyrians, and the Francs; victories which, amongst others, had given rise to that medal of Aurelian, on which he is crowned by Victory, and honoured with the glorius inscription above. Cesars de Julien, p. 97.

- A woman offers a crown to the emperor, appears on the reverse of a small brass, bearing on its obverse the portrait of Carus (the successor of Probus), and the impious dedicatin DEO ET DOMINO CARO.

- A nearly naked figure, with the pallium and hasta, offers with his left a globe to another figure; the second laureate and in military dress, holding a spear and extending his right hand towards the proffered orb.



This appears to symbolize Jupiter placing the government of the world in the |hands| of an emperor.

Spanheim, in a note to his translation of the Cesars of Julian, gives (p. 102) an engraving of this legend and type, as from the reverse of a coin of Probus [the obverse type being the radiate head of Probus, with the legend PERPERTVO IMP C PROBO INVICT AVG]. And then, quoting Vopiscus, to shew how many provinces and allies of the empire were, by the exploits of Probus, delivered from the oppression of the Goths, Germans, and other babarians, as well as from various usurpers of the Imperial purple, thereby re-establishing peace throughout the Roman world, he concludes by saying "On voit des Medailles de Probus avec les Inscriptions et les Figures de MARS PACIFER et d' HERCVLES PACIFER, et d' ailleurs par un titre bien plus glorieux, et qui lui convenoit miex encore qu' a Aurelian, viz., RESTITVTOR ORBIS."

But this reverse is common to the coins of Valerian I, Gallienus, Postumus, Aurelian, Tacitus, Probus, and Carus.


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