Byzacene

Byzacena was a Late Roman province in the central part of Roman North Africa, which is now roughly Tunisia, split off from Africa Proconsularis.

[L. Müller, Numismatique de l'ancienne Afrique, ii, and Supp., pp. 39 f.; Cagnat, op. cit.]

Achulla (Henshir Badria), a colony founded from the island of Melita. Bronze coins, with heads of Divus Julius (Caesar), Augustus with Gaius and Lucius Caesares, or the Roman Proconsuls, P. Quinctilius Varus and L. Volusius Saturninus. Latin inscription, ACHVLLA, etc. (Müller, ii, p. 43; Z. f. N., xviii, p. 200).

Alipota. Bronze of late time. Head of Astarte, rev. Punic legend עלפתא (Alipta) and Caduceus (Müller, ii, p. 42).

Hadrumetum (Susa), a Phoenician settlement near the southern boundary of Zeugitana. Under the Romans a libera civitas, and from Trajan’s time a colony, and the capital of Byzacene. Bronze of the time of Augustus. Inscription, HADR, HADRVM, etc., sometimes with heads and names of the Roman Proconsuls, &c., or of Poseidon, Helios, Astarte, and Sarapis (?) (Müller, ii, p. 51).

Leptis Minor (Lamta), between Thapsus and Hadrumetum, was declared free by the Romans after the destruction of Carthage, but it does not appear to have struck coins before Imperial times. There are bronze coins with the heads of Divus Julius, Augustus, Tiberius, and Agrippina Germanici. Inscr., ΛΕΠΤΙC, Bust of Hermes or turreted head (Müller, ii, p. 49).

Thaena (Henshir Tine), a town of Phoenician origin, struck bronze coins shortly before and during the reign of Augustus, with Punic inscr., תעינת (Thainath). Types—Head of Sarapis or of Astarte; Tetrastyle temple, &c. (Müller, ii, p. 40).

Thapsus (Ras Dimas), memorable for Caesar’s victory over Pompey, B.C. 46. Imperial of Tiberius. Rev. THAPSVM, and head or seated figure of Livia, with legend IVN[ONI] AVG[VSTAE] (Müller, ii, p. 47). See also Thysdrus.

Thysdrus (el Djem), on the inland road between Hadrumetum and Thaena. Bronze of the age of Augustus, with Punic inscr., שטפשר (= Sṭpsr). Types—Head of Astarte diademed and veiled, rev. Lyre; Head of Poseidon, rev. Capricorn (Müller, ii, p. 58). But these coins may be of Thapsus (C. I. L., viii, p. 12).