Bust Types 101

The alpha-numeric designations below are from RIC VII.

(i) Plain busts

(A) bare headed busts

A1 bare headed, draped
A2 bare headed, draped, and cuirassed seen from back (from behind)
A3 bare headed, draped, and cuirassed facingA4 bare headed, draped, and cuirassed (from the front)

A5 bare headed, cuirassed

A6 mantled, waved hair


(B) laureate busts

B1 laureate head
B2 laureate looking upwardsB3 laureate, draped, and cuirassed seen from behindB4 laureate, draped, and cuirassed (from the front)


B5 cuirassedB6 wearing trabea

(C) radiate busts

C1 radiate head
C2 radiate, draped and cuirassed seen from behindC3 radiate, draped, and cuirassed (from the front)
C4 radiate and cuirassed

(D) helmeted busts

D1 helmeted, draped, and cuirassedD2 helmeted and cuirassedD3 VRBS ROMA, imperial cloakD4 VRBS ROMA, helmet with plume


D5 helmeted, laureate, draped, and cuirassed1
D6 helmeted, laureate, and cuirassed
D7 wearing high crested helmet and cuirassed1


(E) diademed busts

E1 plain diademedE2 rosette diademedE3 pearl diademedE4 plain diademed looking upwards

E5 rosette diademed, looking upwardsE6 pearl diademed, looking upwardsE7 plain diademed, draped, and cuirassedE8 rosette diademed, draped, and cuirassed2

E9 pearl diademed, draped, and cuirassed

(F) veiled busts

F1 veiled

1. Also, holding spear and shield (we could not find plain bust examples).

2. This type with laurel leaves between the rosettes is sometimes called "laurel and rosette diademed."


Links

RIC VII Bust types on Constantine the Great coins.com - http://www.constantinethegreatcoins.com/busts/


|Dictionary of Roman Coins|



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Bust. - This term is derived from the Italian Busto and the French Buste. It is applied to representations of people that do not extend below the waist.

One of the most ancient ways of representing gods and heroes, under human features, was that of showing only their heads.

The invention of busts is one that dates from a much later epoch. These show the head and shoulders, and a small |part| of the chest; at other times the head with the whole chest; a rarely, the full upper half of the body.

The Romans had a custom of placing busts of emperors and other great people on their coins, which helps us attribute the coins much more easily today.

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Ancient| |Coin Collecting| 101
Uncleaned| Ancient| |Coins 101
Roman| Coin| |Attribution 101
Greek Coin Collecting 101
Patina| 101
Magnification| 101
Diameter| 101
Die Alignment| 101
Ancient Coin Prices 101