VICTORIA AVG

Latin abbreviation: Victoria Augusti - [Dedicated to] the Victory of the Emperor.


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VICTORIA AVG (Augusti):

- With various types [Victoria] on coins of Vitellius, Vespasian, Titus , Domitian, Hadrian, Antoninus Pius, Lucius Verus, Pescennius Niger, Septimius Severus, Elagabalus, Severus Alexander, Maximinus I, Gordian III, Philip I, Jotspian, Trajan Decius, Hostilian, Trebonianus Gallus, Volusian, Aemilian, Valerian I, Gallienus, Postumus, Laelianus, Victorinus, Marius, Claudius II, Quintillus, Aurelian, Tetricus I, Tetricus II, Tacitus, Florian, Probus, Carus, Carinus, Julian of Pannonia, Diocletian, Carausius, Allectus, Constantius I, Constantine the Great (with CONSTANTINOPILIS), Constantius II, Magentius, Valentinian I, Procopius, Severus III, Romulus Augustus, and on a contorniate of Antinous. The same legend and types occur on the Byzantine series down to the time of Constantine V (AD 751-775).

- Gordian III in military dress seated to left on a curule chair, holding a spear and crowned by Victory, standing, who holds a |palm|; before him a soldier standing holding a spear, and a figure standing facing; at the feet of the soldier a captive kneeling; a standard above, a military standard and a legionary eagle. Obv: GORDIANVS PIVS FELIX AVG, lareate |bust| of Gordian III to right, with paludamentum and cuirass, or with cuirass on which aegis; bronze medallion.

- Round tetrastyle temple; within the tympanum is the inscription NEIKH, and on the frieze OPOFPROC. Within, a standing statue of the emperor as Mars; on right of temple the emperor waearing pontifical robes and holding patera sacrificing at a lighted |altar|; behind him two attendants holding palms; on left of temple the sacerdotal minister [Popa] with axe raised slaying an ox, behind which a Vicimarius. Brass medallion of Gordian III with various types of obverse. Also on AE 2. These coins and that with FEOS OPLOFOROS [VICTORIA AVGVSTI] are the only examples in the Roman coinage of a mixed inscription of Greek and Latin. They are also the onlt examples of the titles of Victoria armigera and Mars armiger. Froehner does not believe that a Greek inscription can be suitable for a Roman temple, and considers that the temple on the coin must have been erected either on a |field| of battle or in some city of Mesopotamia. Another reverse with MART VICTOR, sacrifice before a round temple, on which FEOT OPLOFOROT is given by Eckhel from Vaillant, but Cohen states that he has never met with it.

- Victory walking to left, holding wreath and |palm|. Obv: IMP M F R IOTAPIANVS AVG or IMP C M F RV IOTAPIANVS AVG, radiate |bust| of Iotapian to right with cuirass; silver. Iotapianus was a tyrant in Syria under Philip I, AD 249.

- On coins of Victorinus and Victoria [VICTORIA].

- Vessel to right commanded by a captain seated at the prow, with five rowers, at the poop the acrostolium and three military standards; at the prow Victory standing, holding wreath and |palm|. Obv: CONSTANTINOPOLIS, laureate and helmeted |bust| of Constantinopolis to left, wearing crown and holding sceptre; bronze AE 1. These pieces are supposed to be issued under Constantine the Great ans his sons.

- Vessel to right, on the poop of which the emperor seated, five rowes and Victory atnding at the prow. The poop is ornamented with as acrostolium, and above are three military standards. Obv: CONSTANTINVS IVN NOB C, laureate |bust| of Constantine II to right; small bronze medallion.

- Inscribed by Victory on a |shield|,which she is placing on a pedastal; on gold coins of Constantine the Great with the legend VOTIS V MVLTIS X.

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