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Symbols, or signs, on Roman coins.

Some of these allude to the names of families; as Acisculus, on denarii of the Valeria family. Flos, an open round flower, the surname of Aquilius Florus. The Muses, as in the Pomponia family, on account of the surname MUSA. Vitulus, a calf walking, in a symbol of the Voconia family, from the surname VITULUS, etc.

The following symbols have their peculiar and appropriate signification on Roman coins, viz.:-

Symbols.-On the subject of those, by which the superintendence and control of the Curule Ediles over the celebration of public games (Ludi) is designated on Roman medals, Spanheim should be consulted (Pr. i. p. 149), where he refers to such coins as bear the effigy either of the dea spicifera, Ceres; or of the mater magna, Cybele, drawn in a biga of lions; also where the same great writer treats of coins on which appears a curule chair, with a crown upon it, the latter being the reward of victors at the public games, accompanies frequently, on the same medals, with the inscription itself of AED. or AEDIL. CVR. (Aedilis Curulis), viz., those same Curule Ediles, under whose management and directions these games were conducted with due dignity and order. Objects allusive to these matters, always of intense interest and predilection to the people of Rome and of her Colonies, are to be found on coins of the Norbana, Papinia, and Vibia families.

Moreover, as to this class of ediles was commited the curatio annonae: the important charge of securing a constant supply of provision to the Roman capital and circumjacent territories: so we see the exercise of these functions recorded on coins by the curule chair, and a corn ear on each side of it, together with, sometimes, a cornucopiae added, as on denarii of the Lollia, Plautia, Quintilia, and Rutilia families. Indeed, the title AED. CVR. is inscribed on the last three, whilest the modius, or bushel measure, placed between two corn ears, appears with obviously the same signification on medals the Livineia family.

Spanheim, Pr. ii. p. 151, et seq.

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