Quadrigae Consulares



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Quadrigae Consultares. - These in memory of the pomp and circumstance attendant on the consular procession, appear on the coins of M. Aurelius and of Alexander Severus, and also on the denarii of the Caecilia family, in these the consul holds the ivory sceptre in his right and reigns of the horses in his left hand, and in some instances is crowned by a Victory behind.  Similar memorials of proconsular and propraetorian honours were recorded by the mint of Republican Rome.

Quadrigae Triumphales. - Amongst the chariots with four horses represented on consular medals are those which are regarded as triumphal and in which the triumpher stands crowned with laurel and holding the scipio eburneus.  In these they appear going at a slow pace as if in a state possession.  A figure of Victory, moreover standing in a quadriga with a palm branch, and a crown above, also designates the occasion of a triumph, whilst the head and name of Rome on the obverse of the medal serves as a fit symbol of the subject. - Triumphal quadragae were drawn not only by horses, but also by elephants, and indeed sometimes their drivers or  conductors were boys, an example of which was for the first time given in the case of L. Metellus, who triumphed over the Carthaginians in the first Punic war. [Baudelot, quoted by Rasche] - on a silver coin of Augustus (CAES. IMP.) a figure stands in a triumphal quadriga, holding a laurel crown in the right hand. - Vaillant (ii. p 29) states it to have been struck, on the occasion of the triple triumph, which Augustus enjoyed in the year 725, for the victory gained, in the preceding year, over Mark Antony; from which circumstance he wore a crown of laurel as the conqueror of all his foes.


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