Latin: The foresight of the emperor.


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PROVIDENTIA AVG.----A woman standing with the proboscis of an elephant on her head, and at her feet a lion, displays a sistrum in her

 left hand. Opposite is a naked figure of Hercules, whose foot is placed on the prow of a vessel, and whose left hand holds a club; both figures, symbolical of Hercules and Africa, join right hands with each other.

This legend and type, on a large brass of Commodus, is regarded by the learned as referring to the African fleet of corn transports, alluded to in the preceeding coin, and which is also believed to be referred to in a medallion of the same emperor. (See VOTIS FELICIBVS.)----The elephant's head, the sistrum, and the lion are attributes peculiar to Egypt and to Africa proper, which were the granaries of Rome. But Commodus having sent his ships for freights of corn is on this coin represented paying worship to Hercules, and he himself plants his foot on the prow of one of the vessels, as if showing care for his new colony.

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