Monetal Triumvirs

Monetal Triumvirs - From the commencement of the republican form of government at Rome, the coinage of money was entrusted to three officers, who bore the title of IIIVIR, A.A.A. F.F., which signifies Triumviri Auro, Argento, Aere, Flando, Feriundo. The supposed date of their institution is about the year of Rome 465 (289 before Christ).- Julius Caesar added one more person to this Monetary Triumvirate, who thus became IIIIVIRI. But the number was again reduced to three by Augustus.- From their first institution under the republic, these Monetal Magistrates were invested with a supreme degree of authority in all things that related to the fabrication of money; a striking proof of which is exhibited in the privilege which belonged to them of recording, by means of types and legends, facts connected with the history of their ancestors or of other branches of their families.-On money struck during the existence of the republic, and even afterwards, the names of those who formed the potent triumvirate of the mint, together with the initial letters which indicate their office, were inscribed on medals of Roman die. But it is to the ancient marbles that we are obliged to resort for information as to the different appellations given to the workmen employed in the various processes of the coinage. We there find the following denominations: - Monetarii; Officinatores moneta aurarie, argentaria, Caesaris; Numularii officinarum argentareum; Faimliae monetaria; Numularii officinatores monets; Exactores auri, argenti, aeris; Signatores; Suppostores, Malleatores; Flatores.  But though the officers and even the mere artisans of the mint are thus noticed, yet neither the coins themselves, nor any writers on monuments of antiquity, furnish the slightest particulars respecting the artists who engraved the dies for the mint of Rome.  There is, however, an antique inscription, (edited by Marini), which bears these words - NOVELLIVS AVG. LIB. ATIVTOR PRAEPOSitus SCALPTORVM SACRAE MONETAE, - See Triumviri Monetales.

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