Gallic Empire, Laelianus, March or April - May 269 A.D.

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Ulpius Cornelius Laelianus (his full name is known from an early coin) was probably governor of Germania Superior or commander of Legion XXII Primigenia. Believing Postumus would be occupied fighting Claudius Gothicus, he assumed the purple, establishing his capital and mint at Moguntiacum (Mainz, Germany). Laelianus was wrong; Postumus soon attacked and Laelianus perished.



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Obverse| Legends|



Colonia Agrippinensis (Cologne, Germany)


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Laelianus (Ulpius Cornelius), one of the usurpers in the time of Gallienus. He appears to have been of Spanish origin, and when Postumus was slain by his soldiers, he seized upon the government at Maguntiacum (Mayence, in Germany), about AD 267.

An active and very courageous man, he was distinguished for his military knowledge and skill, and made head against the Germans on the Rhine, where he fortified several towns; but after a few months, in the midst of his labors, he was treacherously slain by his troops, at the instigation of Victorinus.

He is styled IMP C VLP COR LAELIANVS P F AVG. His gold and base silver are the rarest of all the coins struck by the usurpers in the time of Gallienus. Those in third brass are also rare.

Mr. Akerman, in his "Descriptive Catalogue" (vol |ii| p. 63), observes: "The names of Laelianus, Lollianus, and Aelianus, are used indiscriminately by historians, who appear to apply them to the same personage, namely, the usurper who assumed the reign of Postumus in that country; but, according to some coins, upon which the prenomen is different, the above names belong to three different persons. The coins of Laelianus are fully authenticated; no so those ascribed to Lollianus and Aelianus."

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