HERCVLI MAGVSANO



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2. HERCVLI MAGVSANO. -- Hercules stands, in repose, the right hand placed on the right hip; whilst his left hand, on which hangs the lion's skin, rests on the club. -- Silver and first and second brass of Postumus.
As in the case of Hercules Deusoniensis, so in this of Hercules Magusanus, there is a dispute as to the locality. It is probable, that Macusa, or Magusa, was a town celebrated for the worship of Hercules. Muratori cites (p. 64, Nos. 1 and 2), two marbles dedicated to this Hercules, and states that they were discovered in Belgium. -- See various conjectures on this subject in Tristan, Muratori, and the authors of the work entitled De la Religion des Gaulois. -- An anonymous writer of Ravenna enumerates, among the towns situated on the River Moselle, Macusa (Geogr. iv. c. 26), from which perhaps this Hercules derived his appellation. Few will imagine, with Harduin (ad Plin. vi. p. 344), that he was so called from Magusa, in AEthiopia Keysler has published a marble found at Westchapel (Westcapellae), on which is inscribed -- HERCVLI MAGVSANO - - - TERTIVS. V. S. L. M. with a figure of the deity, representing him as standing naked, and holding in his right hand a dolphin, in his left the trunk of a tree cleft in two, and at his feet a scorpion (Antiq. Septembr. p. 200); "though (adds Eckhel) I am not aware how these attributes can appertain to Hercules, such as through classical myths we are made acquainted with him. The types of the coins in question differ in no respect from the Hercules of the Greeks." vii. 444.


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