Group B3 Fibulae: Bow Fibula, Two-Piece Construction with a Pin Holding the Spring


One-piece construction was rapidly replaced by the much easier to manufacture two-piece construction in the middle of the 1st century A.D. The pin spring holder remained in use until late in the Roman period, primarily in free Germania and the adjacent areas of the Roman provinces. For group 3, the needle holders are not of uniform shape. In addition to the occasional frame-shaped, perforated and solid feet, in the majority of cases high needle holders (n-o below), or less often hook-shaped (p below), occasionally also tubular.

B3.1 Two-part construction strongly profiled (kräftig profilierte) fibulae

B3.2 Two-part construction Norse-Pannonian double-headed fibulae

B3.4 Pannonian trumpet head fibulae

B3.5 English trumpet head fibulae

B3.6 Shield fibulae

B3.7 Germanic brooch

B3.8 Crossbow Spring Fibula with High Needle Holder

B3.9 Crossbow Spring fibulae with triangular cut to shape

B3.10 Ironing nails Fibula

B3.11 Temple Button Fibula

B3.12 Roman Knee Fibula with Head Plate

B3.13 Brooches with kidney-shaped pierced head plate