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GRAECIA. Greece, formerly the most renowned for polity and civilization, and still the most classically interesting country in Europe. The vast region to which this name (or Hellas) extended went to the south below Sinus Corinthiacus (Gulf of Lepanto) and Sinus Saronicus (Gulf of Egina) in a great peninsula called the Peloponessus (Morea). This contained to the west the several states of Achaia, Elis and Arcadia; to the southwest Messenia; to the East Corinth, Megaris, Attica Iincluding the city of Athens) and Argolis; to the southeast Laconica. The northern great division of Graecia Antiqua comprised from west to east the states of Acarnania, Eatolia, Locriozolae, Doris, Phocis and Boeotia. Then stretching further in the same northward direction were the more extensive kindoms and territories of Epirus, Thesalia and Macedonia.
Of the Graecian islands in the Ionian Sea along the north and southwestern coasts, and in the Aegaean Sea to the east and southwest opposite the coast of Asia Minor, the principals were Corcyra (Corfu), Leucadia (St. Maura), Cephallenia (Cephalonia), Ithica, Zacynthus (Zante), Euboea (Negropont), Lemnos, Naxos, Crete, Carpathos, Ceos, Cythera, and the smaller islands of the Archipelago of which the names in addition to the larger are well known to every scholar.
"It is remarkable (says Dr. Butler, Ancient Geog. p.198) that the word Graecia was not legally recognized by the Romans. The name of Graecia, however, was sufficiently familiar among them in writing and conversation".