ERIC Table of Contents


|Title Page|

|Introduction|

|About| |Roman| |Coins|

|Denominations|

|Coins| of |Other| |Ancient| |Cultures|

|Identifying| |Roman| |Coins|

|How| |To| |Use| |This| |Book|

|Mintmarks|

|Mint| |Map|

|Pricing| And |Grading|

|Bibliography|

|Reference| |Catalogs| |Cited|

|Coin| |Terms| |Used|

|Glossary|

|Rarity Tables|

|Index| of |Rulers|

|Photography| |Credits|

|Additional| |Web| |Resources|

Imperial Catalog:

|AUGUSTUS|
|LIVA|
|AGRIPPA|
|NERO| |CLAUDIUS| |DRUSUS|
|GERMANICUS|
|AGRIPPINA I|
|TIBERIUS|
|DRUSUS|
|ANTONIA|
|CALIGULA|
|CLAUDIUS I|
|BRITANNICUS|
|AGRIPPINA II|
|NERO|
|GALBA|
|CLODIUS| |MACER|
|OTHO|
|VITELLIUS|
|VESPASIAN|
|DOMITILLA|
|TITUS|
|DOMITIAN|
|DOMITIA|
|JULIA| |TITI|
|NERVA|
|TRAJAN|
|PLOTINA|
|MARCIANA|
|MATIDIA|
|HADRIAN|
|SABINA|
|AELIUS|
|ANTONINUS| |PIUS|
|FAUSTINA I|
|MARCUS| |AURELIUS|
|FAUSTINA| |II|
|LUCIUS| |VERUS|
|LUCILLA|
|COMMODUS|
|CRISPINA|
|PERTINAX|
|DIDIUS| |JULIANUS|
|MANLIA| |SCANTILLA|
|DIDIA CLARA|
|PESCENNIUS| |NIGER|
|CLODIUS| |ALBINUS|
|SEPTIMIUS| |SEVERUS|
|JULIA| |DOMNA|
|CARACALLA|
|PLAUTILLA|
|GETA|
|MACRINUS|
|DIADUMENIAN|
|ELAGABALUS|
|JULIA| |MAESA|
|JULIA| |SOAEMIAS|
|JULIA| |PAULA|
|AQUILIA| |SEVERA|
|ANNIA| |FAUSTINA|
|SEVERUS| |ALEXANDER|
|JULIA| |MAMAEA|
|ORBIANA|
|MAXIMINUS I|
|PAULINA|
|MAXIMUS|
|GORDIAN I|
|GORDIAN II|
|BALBINUS|
|PUPIENUS|
|GORDIAN III|
|TRANQUILLINA|
|PHILIP I|
|OTACILIA| |SEVERA|
|PHILIP II|
|PACATIAN|
|JOTAPIAN|
|TRAJAN| |DECIUS|
|HERENNIA| |ETRUSCILLA|
|HERENNIUS| |ETRUSCUS|
|HOSTILIAN|
|TREBONIANUS| |GALLUS|
|VOLUSIAN|
|AEMILIAN|
|CORNELIA| |SUPERA|
|SILBANNACUS|
|URANIUS| |ANTONINUS|
|VALERIAN I|
|MARINIANA|
|VALERIAN II|
|GALLIENUS|
|SALONINA|
|SALONINUS|
|REGALIANUS|
|DRYANTILLA|
|POSTUMUS|
|LAELIANUS|
|MARIUS|
|VICTORINUS|
|DOMITIAN II|
|TETRICUS I|
|TETRICUS II|
|QUIETUS|
|MACRIANUS|
|CLAUDIUS II|
|QUINTILLUS|
|AURELIAN|
|SEVERINA|
|ZENOBIA|
|VABALATHUS|
|TACITUS|
|FLORIAN|
|PROBUS|
|SATURNINUS|
|CARUS|
|CARINUS|
|MAGNIA| |URBICA|
|NIGRIAN|
|NUMERIAN|
|JULIAN I|
|DIOCLETIAN|
|MAXIMIAN|
|CARAUSIUS|
|ALLECTUS|
|DOMITIUS| |DOMITIANUS|
|CONSTANTIUS I|
|THEODORA|
|GALERIUS|
|GALERIA| |VALERIA|
|SEVERUS II|
|MAXENTIUS|
|ROMULUS|
|CONSTANTINE I|
|HELENA|
|FAUSTA|
|ALEXANDER|
|LICINIUS I|
|CONSTANTIA|
|MAXIMINUS II|
|LICINIUS II|
|CRISPUS|
|VALERIUS| |VALENS|
|MARTINIAN|
|CONSTANTINE II|
|DELMATIUS|
|HANNIBALLIANUS|
|CONSTANS|
|CONSTANTIUS II|
|MAGNENTIUS|
|DECENTIUS|
|NEPOTIAN|
|VETRANO|
|CONSTANTIUS| |GALLUS|
|JULIAN II|
|JOVIAN|
|VALENTINIAN I|
|VALENS|
|PROCOPIUS|
|GRATIAN|
|VALENTINIAN II|
|THEODOSIUS I|
|AELIA| |FLACCILLA|
|MAGNUS| |MAXIMINUS|
|FLAVIUS| |VICTOR|
|EUGENIUS|
|HONORIUS|
|CONSTANTINE III|
|CONSTANS II|
|MAXIMINUS|
|PRISCUS| |ATTALUS|
|JOVINUS|
|SABASTIANUS|
|CONSTANTIUS III|
|GALLA PLACIDIA|
|JOHANNES|
|VALENTINIAN III|
|LICINIA| |EUDOXIA|
|HONORIA|
|PETRONIUS| |MAXIMINUS|
|AVITUS|
|MAJORIAN|
|LIBIUS| |SEVERUS|
|ANTHEMIUS|
|EUPHEMIA|
|ANICIUS| |OLYBRIUS|
|GLYCERIUS|
|JULIUS NEPOS|
|ROMULUS| |AUGUSTUS|
|ARCADIUS|
|EUDOXIA|
|PULCHERIA|
|THEODOSIUS II|
|EUDOCIA|
|MARCIAN|
|LEO I|
|VERINA|
|LEO II|
|ZENO|
|ARIADNE|
|BASILISCUS|
|ZENONIS|
|LEONTIUS I|
|ANASTASIUS I|
|ANONYMOUS| |COINAGE|

ERIC The Encyclopedia of Roman Imperial Coins
by Rasiel Suarez


Postumus 

Augustus 260-269 

Postumus remained Gallienus's nemesis for most of his reign and, with the aid of the traitor Aureolus, his eventual killer. Postumus came on the scene following a dispute with Saloninus over the distribution of captured war loot. Because Postumus was in command of the military, Saloninus had little to defend him except for his title and official recognition. Postumus had himself named emperor and captured and executed Saloninus sealing his fate with the rest of the empire. However, the rest of the empire could do little at the moment. Gallienus was embroiled with battling several usurpers out east and could not avenge his brother's death. Neither could Rome do anything about it. And so for the time being Postumus held the western half of the empire as de facto ruler.  
When Gallienus finally returned from the east he would find Postumus entrenched in Gaul and having snatched Britain and Spain away from the empire as well. Because his power had grown during Gallienus's absence, he had had time to consolidate his leadership and posed a bigger threat. However, for one reason or another, Postumus never made preparations to attack Rome or mount an offensive against Gallienus and contented himself with this secessionist state. But he knew Gallienus was mulling over his options all the meanwhile and had on his agenda the recapturing of the lost lands. Gallienus mounted several expeditions to depose Postumus but all failed. Still, Gallienus would most likely have ultimately been the ultimate victor had Postumus not gained the aid of one of Gallienus's trusted men, Aureolus, who engineered a successful conspiracy ending with the murder of Gallienus. Postumus would meet a deadly fate himself the following year following a revolt from within instigated by one of his own earlier leading generals, Laelianus, in a move very reminiscent of his own rise to power. 
 
Postumus kicks off the Gallic empire with well-made, high-grade coins and by the time of his fall both have suffered considerably in tandem with the coinage elsewhere in the Roman world. 
 
While the Aureus and its multiples will be priced into the stratosphere, the ordinary Antoninianus is easily available and affordable. Expect, however, to find these to be fairly lousy in quality overall. Although there are better grade coins, and even mint state gem ones, these are more often available only through established numismatic firms and at substantially higher cost. 
 
Early in his reign Postumus even reintroduces big copper with the double Sestertius. These coins look similar to the old fashioned Dupondius with its radiate crown but at a weight more comparable to that of the once mighty Sestertius.  
 
Coins attributed to the Mediolanum (now Milan) mint were issued by an associate usurper named Aureolus. 
 
Postumusís portraits, as well as those of his Gallic successors, give him an appearance reminiscent of Santa Clause.  

Busts:  

1) Bare head facing 
2) Bare headed cuirassed bust facing  
3) Helmeted, cuirassed bust left 
4) Helmeted, cuirassed bust right 
5) Helmeted, draped bust left 
6) Helmeted, draped bust right 
7) Laureate bust left of Postumus over Hercules bare headed bust left 
8) Laureate bust left of Postumus over Hercules laureate bust left 
9) Laureate bust right of Postumus over Hercules laureate bust right 
10) Laureate head left 
11) Laureate head right 
12) Laureate head right left of Postumus over Hercules laureate bust left 
13) Laureate head right right of Postumus over Hercules laureate bust right 
14) Laureate, cuirassed bust left 
15) Laureate, cuirassed bust left, raising hand 
16) Laureate, cuirassed bust right 
17) Laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right 
18) Laureate, draped bust left, raising hand 
19) Laureate, draped bust left, raising hand and holding shield 
20) Laureate, draped bust right 
21) Radiate bust left, holding club and lion skin 
22) Radiate head right 
23) Radiate, cuirassed bust left, holding club 
24) Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right 
25) Radiate, draped bust right 
26) Radiate, helmeted bust right 
27) Radiate, helmeted, cuirassed bust right 
 

Obverses: 

 
1) IMP C LAT POSTVMVS PF AVG 
2) IMP C M CAS LAT POSTVMVS AV 
3) IMP C M CAS LAT POSTVMVS AVG 
4) IMP C M CAS LAT POTVMVS 
5) IMP C M CASS LAT POSTVMVS AV 
6) IMP C M CASS LAT POSTVMVS AVG 
7) IMP C M CASS LAT POSTVMVS P AVG 
8) IMP C M CASS LAT POSTVMVS P I AVG 
9) IMP C M CASS LAT POSTVMVS PF AVG 
10) IMP C M CASS LAT POSTVMVS PIVS F AVG 
11) IMP C POSTVMVS 
12) IMP C POSTVMVS AVG 
13) IMP C POSTVMVS P AV 
14) IMP C POSTVMVS P I AVG 
15) IMP C POSTVMVS PF AVG 
16) IMP C POSTVMVS PF AVG COS III 
17) IMP C POSTVMVS PIVS F AVG 
18) IMP C POSTVMVS PIVS FEL AVG 
19) IMP POSTVMVS AVG 
20) IMP POSTVMVS PF AVG 
21) IMP POSTVMVS PIVS AVG 
22) IMP POSTVMVS PIVS F AVG 
23) M CAS LAT POSTVMVS PF AVG 
24) POSTVMVS AVG 
25) POSTVMVS PF AVG 
26) POSTVMVS PF AVG COS 
27) POSTVMVS PF AVGVSTVS T P 
28) POSTVMVS PIVS AVG 
29) POSTVMVS PIVS FEL AVG 
30) POSTVMVS PIVS FELIX AVG 
31) VIRTVS POSTVMI AVG 

 

Reverses: 

 
1) ADVENTVS AVG 
2) AEQVITAS AVG 
3) AETERNITAS AVG 
4) ANNONA AVG 
5) CASTOR 
6) CCAA COS IIII 
7) CLARITAS AVG 
8) COL CL AGRIP COS IIII 
9) COMITI AVG 
10) CONCORD EQVIT 
11) CONCORD EQVITVM 
12) CONCORDIA EQVIT 
13) CONSERVATORES AVG 
14) CONSERVATORI AVG 
15) COS III 
16) COS IIII 
17) COS V 
18) DIANAE LVCIFERAE 
19) DIANAE LVCIFERE 
20) DIANAE REDVCI 
21) EXERCITVS AVG 
22) FELICITA 
23) FELICITAS 
24) FELICITAS AVG 
25) FELICITAS PVBLICA 
26) FELICITAS TEMP 
27) FIDES AEQVIT 
28) FIDES EQVIT 
29) FIDES EQVITVM 
30) FIDES EXERC 
31) FIDES EXERCITAS 
32) FIDES EXERCITI 
33) FIDES EXERCITVS 
34) FIDES MILITVM 
35) FORTVNA AVG 
36) FORTVNA RAEDVX 
37) FORTVNA REDVX 
38) GERMANICVS MAX V 
39) HER DEVS ONIENS 
40) HERC DEVS ONIENSI 
41) HERC PACIFER 
42) HERC PACIFERO 
43) HERCVLI ARCADIO 
44) HERCVLI ARGIVO 
45) HERCVLI AVG 
46) HERCVLI CRETENCI 
47) HERCVLI CRETENSI 
48) HERCVLI DEVS ONIENSI 
49) HERCVLI ERVMANTINO 
50) HERCVLI GADITANO 
51) HERCVLI IMMORTALI 
52) HERCVLI INVICTO 
53) HERCVLI LIBVCO 
54) HERCVLI MAGVSANO 
55) HERCVLI NEMAEO 
56) HERCVLI PISAEO 
57) HERCVLI ROM 
58) HERCVLI ROMA 
59) HERCVLI ROMANO 
60) HERCVLI ROMANO AVG 
61) HERCVLI THRACIO 
62) HILARITAS AVG 
63) I O M SPONSORI SAECVLI 
64) IM C POSTVMVS PF AVG 
65) IMP X COS V 
66) INDVLG PIA POSTVMI AVG 
67) INVICTO AVG 
68) IOVI CONSERVAT 
69) IOVI CONSERVATORI 
70) IOVI PROPVGNAT 
71) IOVI PROPVGNATORI 
72) IOVI STATORI 
73) IOVI VICTORI 
74) LAETI 
75) LAETITIA 
76) LAETITIA AVG 
77) LIBERALITAS 
78) LIBERALITAS AVG 
79) LIBERTAS AVG 
80) MARS VICTOR 
81) MERCVRIO FELICI 
82) MERCVRIO PACIFERO 
83) MINER FAVTR 
84) MINERVA AVG 
85) MONET AVG 
86) MONETA AVG 
87) MONITA AVG 
88) NEPT COMITI 
89) NEPTVNO REDVCI 
90) ORIENS 
91) ORIENS AVG 
92) PACATOR ORBIS 
93) PAX AVG 
94) PAX AVGVSTI 
95) PAX EQVITVM 
96) PIETAS AVG 
97) PM G M T P COS III PP 
98) PM T P COS 
99) PM T P COS IIII PP 
100) PM TR P COS I PP 
101) PM TR P COS II PP 
102) PM TR P COS III PP 
103) PM TR P COS IIII PP 
104) PM TR P COS PP 
105) PM TR P COS V 
106) PM TR P III COS III PP 
107) PM TR P IIII COS III PP 
108) PM TR P IMP V COS III PP 
109) PM TR P VI COS III PP 
110) PM TR P VII COS III PP 
111) PM TR P VIIII COS IIII PP 
112) PM TR P X COS V PP 
113) POSTVMVS AVG 
114) POSTVMVS AVGVSTVS 
115) POSTVMVS PF AVG 
116) PROFECTIO AVGVSTI 
117) PROVID DEOR COS III 
118) PROVIDENTIA AVG 
119) PROVIDENTIA DEOR 
120) QVINQVENNALES AVG 
121) QVINQVENNALES POSTVMI AVG 
122) REST GALLIARVM 
123) REST ORBIS 
124) RESTIT GALLIAR 
125) RESTIT GALLIARVM 
126) RESTIT ORBIS 
127) RESTITOR GALLIAE 
128) RESTITOR GALLIAR 
129) RESTITVTOR GALLIAR 
130) RESTITVTOR GALLIARVM 
131) RESTITVTOR ORBIS 
132) ROMAE AETERNAE 
133) SAECVLI FELICITAS 
134) SAECVLI FRVGIFERO 
135) SAECVLO FRVGIFERO 
136) SAECVLVM AVGG 
137) SALVS AVG 
138) SALVS EXERCITI 
139) SALVS POSTVMI AVG 
140) SALVS PROVINCIARVM 
141) SARAPIDI COMITI AVG 
142) SERAPI COMITI AVG 
143) SERAPI COMITI AVG 
144) SPEI PERPETVAE 
145) TR P X COS V PP 
146) TRIB POT X COS V 
147) VBERITAS AVG 
148) VBERTAS AVG 
149) VICT COMES AVG 
150) VICT GERM PM TR P V COS III PP 
151) VICT GERM TR P V COS III PP 
152) VICT GERMANICA 
153) VICTORI AVG 
154) VICTORIA 
155) VICTORIA AVG 
156) VICTORIA GERMANICA 
157) VICTORIAE AVG 
158) VIRTVS AEQVIT 
159) VIRTVS AVG 
160) VIRTVS EQVIT 
161) VIRTVS EXERCITVS 
162) VIRTVS POSTVMI AVG 
163) VIRTVTI AVG 
164) VIRTVTI AVGVSTI 
165) VOT PVBL 

 

 

Types: 

 
1) Aequitas standing left, holding scale and cornucopia. 
2) Aesculapius standing, facing, holding staff with snake coiled around it 
3) Aesculapius standing, facing, holding staff with snake coiled around it; globe to lower right.  
4) Annona standing left, holding grain ears over modius and cornucopia. 
5) Busts (3), radiate; center one facing, other two facing towards center. 
6) Caduceus, winged. 
7) Castor riding horse right. 
8) Castor standing left, holding spear; horse to side. 
9) Club; bow to left and quiver to right 
10) Diana advancing right, holding bow; deer to right. 
11) Diana advancing right, holding torch with both hands. 
12) Diana advancing right, holding torch with both hands; dog to right. 
13) Felicitas standing left, holding caduceus and cornucopia. 
14) Fides seated left, holding patera and standard. 
15) Fides standing, facing, holding standard in each hand. 
16) Fortuna seated left, holding rudder and cornucopia. 
17) Fortuna standing left, stepping on galley prow, holding patera and rudder on globe. 
18) Fortuna standing left, holding rudder and cornucopia. 
19) Galley sailing left 
20) Galley sailing right 
21) Hercules advancing left, holding pickax; jug by feet. 
22) Hercules advancing right, dragging Cerberus and holding club. 
23) Hercules advancing right, holding the boar of Erymanthos; jar by feet. 
24) Hercules laureate bust left. 
25) Hercules laureate head right 
26) Hercules standing in garden of Hesperides: apple tree and three nymphs. 
27) Hercules standing left, clubbing hydra of Lerna. 
28) Hercules standing left, holding branch and club with lion skin. 
29) Hercules standing left, wrestling lion of Nemea. 
30) Hercules standing left, wrestling Queen Hippolyte. 
31) Hercules standing right, fighting the three-bodied Geryon. 
32) Hercules standing right, resting hand on club and holding apples. 
33) Hercules standing right, resting hand on club and holding bow with lion skin. 
34) Hercules standing right, resting hand on hip and holding wand. 
35) Hercules standing right, wrestling bull of Crete. 
36) Hercules standing right, wrestling deer of Ceryneia. 
37) Hercules standing right, wrestling the horses of Diomedes. 
38) Hercules standing, facing, holding bow and lion skin, driving the birds of Stymphalos. 
39) Hercules torso left, holding club. 
40) Hilaritas standing left, holding palm and cornucopia; child on either side. 
41) Jupiter advancing left, holding scepter and thunderbolt 
42) Jupiter advancing left, holding thunderbolt and eagle. 
43) Jupiter advancing left, holding thunderbolt and raising hand. 
44) Jupiter advancing left, holding thunderbolt and raising hand; seven stars in field, eagle between feet. 
45) Jupiter advancing right, holding thunderbolt and eagle. 
46) Jupiter seated left, holding Victory and scepter. 
47) Jupiter standing left, holding thunderbolt and scepter. 
48) Jupiter standing, facing, aiming thunderbolt and holding shield. 
49) Jupiter standing, facing, holding scepter and thunderbolt 
50) Laureate head right of Victorinus over Hercules laureate bust right. 
51) Liberalitas standing left, holding coin counter and cornucopia. 
52) Libertas standing left, holding pileus and cornucopia 
53) Lion advancing right. 
54) Lion, radiate, advancing left, thunderbolt in mouth 
55) Mars advancing right, holding spear and trophy. 
56) Mars standing left, holding spear and resting hand on shield. 
57) Mars standing left, resting hand on shield and holding spear. 
58) Mercury standing, facing, holding purse and caduceus. 
59) Minerva advancing left, holding branch and spear with shield. 
60) Minerva standing left, holding branch and spear. 
61) Minerva standing left, raising hand and holding shield. 
62) Moneta standing left, holding scale and cornucopia. 
63) Neptune standing left, holding dolphin and trident; galley prow to left. 
64) Neptune standing left, stepping on galley prow, holding dolphin and trident 
65) Pax advancing left, holding branch and scepter. 
66) Pax standing left, holding branch and scepter. 
67) Pietas standing, facing, holding baby in either arm; child to either side. 
68) Pietas standing, facing, raising hands. 
69) Postumus advancing left, stepping on captive, holding spear and shield. 
70) Postumus advancing right, stepping on captive, holding spear and shield. 
71) Postumus bare head right. 
72) Postumus bare headed, cuirassed bust facing. 
73) Postumus cuirassed torso left, holding spear over shoulder. 
74) Postumus helmeted, cuirassed bust left, holding spear and shield. 
75) Postumus helmeted, cuirassed bust right over Victory, holding wreath and palm. 
76) Postumus helmeted, cuirassed bust right. 
77) Postumus laureate bust right facing Hercules bust left. 
78) Postumus laureate bust right over Jupiter, holding thunderbolt. 
79) Postumus laureate bust right over Virtus helmeted bust right 
80) Postumus radiate, cuirassed bust left, holding scepter over shoulder. 
81) Postumus riding horse left, raising hand and holding spear. 
82) Postumus riding horse left, soldiers (3) to left 
83) Postumus riding horse left, soldiers (4) to left 
84) Postumus riding horse right, holding spear, following Victory, holding wreath and trophy. 
85) Postumus riding oncoming quadriga, holding branch, accompanied by Victory, holding palm; soldier on either side of horses. 
86) Postumus riding quadriga left, holding branch. 
87) Postumus seated left on platform, attended by lictor and Liberalitas, holding coin counter and cornucopia; citizen on steps to lower left. 
88) Postumus seated left, holding globe and scepter. 
89) Postumus seated left, raising hand; kneeling citizen to left 
90) Postumus standing left on right, holding spear and holding hand of kneeling Gallia to left, holding branch. 
91) Postumus standing left on right, holding spear and holding hand of kneeling Gallia to left, holding cornucopia. 
92) Postumus standing left on right, sacrificing over altar and holding spear, facing Jupiter standing to left, holding thunderbolt and scepter. 
93) Postumus standing left on right, stepping on captive, holding spear and holding hands of kneeling Gallia to left, holding cornucopia. 
94) Postumus standing left, holding globe and spear, being crowned by Victory to right, holding palm. 
95) Postumus standing left, holding globe and spear. 
96) Postumus standing left, holding spear and crowning trophy; captive seated either side of trophy. 
97) Postumus standing left, holding spear and wreath, being crowned by Hercules, holding club with lion skin. 
98) Postumus standing left, sacrificing over altar among witnesses. 
99) Postumus standing left, sacrificing over altar and holding scepter 
100) Postumus standing left, sacrificing over altar; Mercury to left, holding purse and caduceus. 
101) Postumus standing right on left, holding scepter and holding hand of kneeling Orbis to left, holding cornucopia.  
102) Postumus standing right on left, holding scepter, shaking hands with Roma seated to right; shield to side. 
103) Postumus standing right, holding spear and crowning trophy; captive seated either side of trophy. 
104) Postumus standing right, holding spear and globe. 
105) Postumus standing right, holding spear and resting hand on shield. 
106) Providentia standing left, holding globe and scepter. 
107) Providentia standing left, leaning on column and with legs crossed, holding wand over globe and cornucopia. 
108) Providentia standing left, raising hand towards flaming globe. 
109) Rhine lying left, resting hand on boat prow and cradling anchor. 
110) Roma seated left, holding Victory and scepter. 
111) Salus standing left, feeding snake on altar and holding rudder. 
112) Salus standing left, leaning on column and with legs crossed, holding and feeding snake. 
113) Salus standing right, holding and feeding snake. 
114) Salus standing to left, holding and feeding snake, facing Aesculapius to right, holding staff with snake coiled around it. 
115) Serapis standing left, raising hand and holding scepter. 
116) Serapis standing left, raising hand and holding scepter; galley prow to left. 
117) Sol advancing left, raising hand and holding whip. 
118) Sol radiate, draped bust right. 
119) Sol, radiate bust right over Luna with crescent behind neck. 
120) Spes advancing left, holding flower and raising skirt. 
121) Standards (4) 
122) Temple with (4) columns, Hercules standing within, resting hand on club and holding lion skin. 
123) Triumphal arch, trophy with captive on either side above. 
124) Trophy; seated captive on either side. 
125) Uberitas standing left, holding purse and cornucopia. 
126) Victories (2) standing, facing each other, together holding shield on palm; seated captive on either side. 
127) Victory advancing left, holding branch and spear. 
128) Victory advancing left, holding wreath and palm; seated captive to left. 
129) Victory advancing left, holding wreath and palm. 
130) Victory advancing left, holding wreath and spear. 
131) Victory advancing left, stepping on captive, holding wreath and palm. 
132) Victory advancing right, holding wreath and palm. 
133) Victory bust right, holding wreath and palm over Felicitas, holding branch. 
134) Victory draped torso right, holding wreath and palm over Felicitas bust right, holding branch. 
135) Victory draped torso right, writing VOT / XX on shield. 
136) Victory riding biga left, holding whip. 
137) Victory riding biga right, holding whip. 
138) Victory standing right on globe, holding wreath and trophy, captive on either side. 
139) Victory standing right on shield, holding wreath and palm; captive on either side. 
140) Victory standing right, holding wreath and palm. 
141) Victory standing right, stepping on globe, holding shield reading X 
142) Victory standing right, stepping on globe, holding shield reading VOT X 
143) Victory standing right, stepping on globe, holding shield reading VO / XX 
144) Victory standing right, stepping on globe, holding shield reading V X 
145) Victory standing right, stepping on globe, holding shield reading Q 
146) Virtus advancing right, holding spear and shield. 
147) Virtus standing left, holding spear and resting hand on shield. 
148) Virtus standing right, holding spear and resting hand on shield. 
149) Weapons in a pile. 

 

Mints: 

 
1) Colonia Agrippinensis 
2) Lugdunum 
3) Mediolanum 

 
 
AU Aureus Reference(s) 
 
1) B03, O24, R151, T090 RIC Vii 15 
2) B09, O30, R146, T086  
3) B11, O15, R154, T137 Exe: AVG RIC Vii 42 
4) B11, O28, R019, T012 
5) B11, O28, R066, T089 RIC Vii 276, C 145  
6) B11, O28, R165, T085 

 
AR Antoninianus 
 
7) B21, O24, R072, T049 RIC Vii 310, C 160 
8) B21, O24, R111, T009 RIC Vii 292, C 282 
9) B24, O15, R016, T140 RIC Vii 287c, C 31 
10) B24, O15, R017, T140 RIC Vii 288c, C 32a 
11) B24, O15, R018, T011 RIC Vii 299c, C 33 
12) B24, O15, R024, T013 RIC Vii 58c 
13) B24, O15, R033, T121  
14) B24, O15, R040, T121 RIC Vii 66c 
15) B24, O15, R042, T028 RIC Vii 67c 
16) B24, O15, R049, T033 RIC Vii 64c, C 91a 
17) B24, O15, R072, T049 RIC Vii 278c, C 158 
18) B24, O15, R072, T049 RIC Vii 309c, C 159a 
19) B24, O15, R073, T048 RIC Vii 311c, C 161a 
20) B24, O15, R075, T020 Exe: AVG RIC Vii 73c, C 167 
21) B24, O15, R081, T058 RIC Vii 313c, C 192 
22) B24, O15, R086, T062 RIC Vii 315c, C 199a 
23) B24, O15, R086, T062 RIC Vii 75c, C 199 
24) B24, O15, R089, T063 RIC Vii 76c, C 205 
25) B24, O15, R091, T117 RIC Vii 316c, C 213c 
26) B24, O15, R092, T118 RIC Vii 317c, C 214 
27) B24, O15, R093, T065 RIC Vii 219c, C 226 
28) B24, O15, R093, T066 RIC Vii 219c, C 225 
29) B24, O15, R093, T066 RIC Vii 318c, C 215 
30) B24, O15, R095, T066 Exe: T RIC Vii 381, C 228a 
31) B24, O15, R096, T067 RIC Vii 320, C 230a 
32) B24, O15, R102, T091 RIC Vii 54c, C 243 
33) B24, O15, R108, T055 RIC Vii 57c, C 73a 
34) B24, O15, R111, T009 RIC Vii 291c, C 281 
35) B24, O15, R112, T143 RIC Vii 295c, C 285 
36) B24, O15, R118, T106 RIC Vii 221c, C 295a 
37) B24, O15, R118, T106 RIC Vii 323c, C 295a 
38) B24, O15, R133, T098 RIC Vii 83c, C 331 
39) B24, O15, R135, T006 
40) B24, O15, R137, T003 RIC Vii 326c, C 336 
41) B24, O15, R138, T003 RIC Vii 327c, C 348 
42) B24, O15, R139, T113 RIC Vii 328c, C 350 
43) B24, O15, R140, T109 RIC Vii 87c 
44) B24, O15, R142, T115 RIC Vii 329c, C 360a 
45) B24, O15, R148, T125 RIC Vii 330c, C 365 
46) B24, O15, R153, T128 RIC Vii 234c, C 386 
47) B24, O15, R159, T148 RIC Vii 93c, C 419a 
48) B24, O15, R163, T034 RIC Vii 333, C 19b 
49) B24, O19, R010, T017 Exe: S RIC Vii 373c, C 19a 
50) B24, O19, R028, T014  

  
AR Denarius Reference(s) 
 
51) B30, O12, R005, T007 

 
AE Double Sestertius 
 
52) B24, O09, R034, T015 RIC Vii 123c 
53) B24, O09, R040, T122 RIC Vii 134, C 99 
54) B24, O09, R042, T028 RIC Vii 135, C 106 
55) B24, O09, R075, T020 Exe: AVG RIC Vii 143c, C 179 
56) B24, O09, R101, T091 RIC Vii 106c 
57) B24, O09, R102, T095 S G across fields 
58) B24, O09, R155, T131 RIC Vii 169c, C 379 
59) B24, O09, R159, T148 S in right field RIC Vii 179c, C 422 

 
AE Sestertius 
 
60) B17, O17, R076, T020 Exe: SC 
61) B17, O17, R155, T128 RIC Vii 172, C 387  

 
AE Dupondius 
 
62) B24, O09, R038, T124 RIC Vii 198, C 86  
63) B24, O15, R101, T095 RIC Vii 188, C 252 

 
AE As 
 
64) B17, O15, R155, T126 RIC Vii 167 

 

Postumus Busts 

Postumus Types