ERIC Table of Contents


|Title Page|

|Introduction|

|About| |Roman| |Coins|

|Denominations|

|Coins| of |Other| |Ancient| |Cultures|

|Identifying| |Roman| |Coins|

|How| |To| |Use| |This| |Book|

|Mintmarks|

|Mint| |Map|

|Pricing| And |Grading|

|Bibliography|

|Reference| |Catalogs| |Cited|

|Coin| |Terms| |Used|

|Glossary|

|Rarity Tables|

|Index| of |Rulers|

|Photography| |Credits|

|Additional| |Web| |Resources|

Imperial Catalog:

|AUGUSTUS|
|LIVA|
|AGRIPPA|
|NERO| |CLAUDIUS| |DRUSUS|
|GERMANICUS|
|AGRIPPINA I|
|TIBERIUS|
|DRUSUS|
|ANTONIA|
|CALIGULA|
|CLAUDIUS I|
|BRITANNICUS|
|AGRIPPINA II|
|NERO|
|GALBA|
|CLODIUS| |MACER|
|OTHO|
|VITELLIUS|
|VESPASIAN|
|DOMITILLA|
|TITUS|
|DOMITIAN|
|DOMITIA|
|JULIA| |TITI|
|NERVA|
|TRAJAN|
|PLOTINA|
|MARCIANA|
|MATIDIA|
|HADRIAN|
|SABINA|
|AELIUS|
|ANTONINUS| |PIUS|
|FAUSTINA I|
|MARCUS| |AURELIUS|
|FAUSTINA| |II|
|LUCIUS| |VERUS|
|LUCILLA|
|COMMODUS|
|CRISPINA|
|PERTINAX|
|DIDIUS| |JULIANUS|
|MANLIA| |SCANTILLA|
|DIDIA CLARA|
|PESCENNIUS| |NIGER|
|CLODIUS| |ALBINUS|
|SEPTIMIUS| |SEVERUS|
|JULIA| |DOMNA|
|CARACALLA|
|PLAUTILLA|
|GETA|
|MACRINUS|
|DIADUMENIAN|
|ELAGABALUS|
|JULIA| |MAESA|
|JULIA| |SOAEMIAS|
|JULIA| |PAULA|
|AQUILIA| |SEVERA|
|ANNIA| |FAUSTINA|
|SEVERUS| |ALEXANDER|
|JULIA| |MAMAEA|
|ORBIANA|
|MAXIMINUS I|
|PAULINA|
|MAXIMUS|
|GORDIAN I|
|GORDIAN II|
|BALBINUS|
|PUPIENUS|
|GORDIAN III|
|TRANQUILLINA|
|PHILIP I|
|OTACILIA| |SEVERA|
|PHILIP II|
|PACATIAN|
|JOTAPIAN|
|TRAJAN| |DECIUS|
|HERENNIA| |ETRUSCILLA|
|HERENNIUS| |ETRUSCUS|
|HOSTILIAN|
|TREBONIANUS| |GALLUS|
|VOLUSIAN|
|AEMILIAN|
|CORNELIA| |SUPERA|
|SILBANNACUS|
|URANIUS| |ANTONINUS|
|VALERIAN I|
|MARINIANA|
|VALERIAN II|
|GALLIENUS|
|SALONINA|
|SALONINUS|
|REGALIANUS|
|DRYANTILLA|
|POSTUMUS|
|LAELIANUS|
|MARIUS|
|VICTORINUS|
|DOMITIAN II|
|TETRICUS I|
|TETRICUS II|
|QUIETUS|
|MACRIANUS|
|CLAUDIUS II|
|QUINTILLUS|
|AURELIAN|
|SEVERINA|
|ZENOBIA|
|VABALATHUS|
|TACITUS|
|FLORIAN|
|PROBUS|
|SATURNINUS|
|CARUS|
|CARINUS|
|MAGNIA| |URBICA|
|NIGRIAN|
|NUMERIAN|
|JULIAN I|
|DIOCLETIAN|
|MAXIMIAN|
|CARAUSIUS|
|ALLECTUS|
|DOMITIUS| |DOMITIANUS|
|CONSTANTIUS I|
|THEODORA|
|GALERIUS|
|GALERIA| |VALERIA|
|SEVERUS II|
|MAXENTIUS|
|ROMULUS|
|CONSTANTINE I|
|HELENA|
|FAUSTA|
|ALEXANDER|
|LICINIUS I|
|CONSTANTIA|
|MAXIMINUS II|
|LICINIUS II|
|CRISPUS|
|VALERIUS| |VALENS|
|MARTINIAN|
|CONSTANTINE II|
|DELMATIUS|
|HANNIBALLIANUS|
|CONSTANS|
|CONSTANTIUS II|
|MAGNENTIUS|
|DECENTIUS|
|NEPOTIAN|
|VETRANO|
|CONSTANTIUS| |GALLUS|
|JULIAN II|
|JOVIAN|
|VALENTINIAN I|
|VALENS|
|PROCOPIUS|
|GRATIAN|
|VALENTINIAN II|
|THEODOSIUS I|
|AELIA| |FLACCILLA|
|MAGNUS| |MAXIMINUS|
|FLAVIUS| |VICTOR|
|EUGENIUS|
|HONORIUS|
|CONSTANTINE III|
|CONSTANS II|
|MAXIMINUS|
|PRISCUS| |ATTALUS|
|JOVINUS|
|SABASTIANUS|
|CONSTANTIUS III|
|GALLA PLACIDIA|
|JOHANNES|
|VALENTINIAN III|
|LICINIA| |EUDOXIA|
|HONORIA|
|PETRONIUS| |MAXIMINUS|
|AVITUS|
|MAJORIAN|
|LIBIUS| |SEVERUS|
|ANTHEMIUS|
|EUPHEMIA|
|ANICIUS| |OLYBRIUS|
|GLYCERIUS|
|JULIUS NEPOS|
|ROMULUS| |AUGUSTUS|
|ARCADIUS|
|EUDOXIA|
|PULCHERIA|
|THEODOSIUS II|
|EUDOCIA|
|MARCIAN|
|LEO I|
|VERINA|
|LEO II|
|ZENO|
|ARIADNE|
|BASILISCUS|
|ZENONIS|
|LEONTIUS I|
|ANASTASIUS I|
|ANONYMOUS| |COINAGE|

ERIC The Encyclopedia of Roman Imperial Coins
by Rasiel Suarez


Eudoxia

b.380 d.404

Wife The wife of Arcadius, Eudoxia had no desire to remain in the political background that was expected of an empress. Instead, she thoroughly dominated not only the will of Arcadius (who was, incidentally, content to relax well out of the limelight) but also play an active role in the political issues of the day and the religious ones as well. In this light she was resented by many who saw her self-acquired role unwelcome and was denounced as arrogant and materialistic. Those who had the nerve to condemn her could always count on swift retribution on her orders and this only served to further alienate those who weren 't on her "good side". Honorius himself was said to complain to his brother Arcadius about the situation but the eastern emperor apparently never took any steps to suppress his wife 's activities. 

Despite the negative view of her that has survived it seems apparent that she took advantage of her imperial position to live life to its fullest as she saw fit without regard for keeping appearances. 

She died at the age of only 21 due to complications following childbirth.

Appearing every now and then among "uncleaned" Roman coins, Eudoxia ranks about fourth most common empresses among the 4th- and 5th-century coins. This would be behind Helena, Fausta, Galeria Valeria and, perhaps, Aelia Flaccilla none of whom had very extensive coin runs despite being in otherwise very prolific minting periods.

It is often possible to identify her bronzes even when the obverse details have been obliterated or worn smooth because the reverses are unique to her during this period. 

The silver and gold coins will be much rarer and valuable. The by now venerable Tremissis will be the most often found denomination. Relative to the entire output of Solidi for these years, these small coins featured empresses much more frequently.

One such Tremissis will still cost a few hundred dollars with $1,000 not being uncommon. Being rather thin and flimsy they tend to have slight bends and scratches. Of course, the flawless coin will fetch the highest prices at auction.
An "entry-level" bronze need only cost around $20.

Busts:

1) Diademed, draped bust right
2) Diademed, draped bust right, being crowned by Hand of God

 

Obverses:

 
1) AEL EVDIXIA AVG
2) AEL EVDOXIA AVG

 

Reverses:

 
1) GLORIA ROMANORVM
2) SALVS REIPVBLICAE
3) VIRTVS EXERCITI
4) No legend

 

Types:

 
1) Arcadius standing left, holding spear and resting hand on shield; being crowned by Victory, holding palm.
2) Eudoxia seated, facing
3) Victory seated right, holding shield with Chi-Rho design
4) Victory seated right, holding shield with Chi-Rho design on column
5) Wreath, Chi-Rho within
6) Wreath, cross within

 

Mints:

 
1) Alexandria
2) Antioch
3) Constantinopolis
4) Cyzicus
5) Nicomedia

 
 
AU Solidus Reference(s)

 
1) B2, O2, R2, T4, M3 Exe: CONOB   Officina at end of reverse legend RIC 14 (X, Arcadius)

 
AU Tremissis

 
2) B1, O2, R4, T6, M3 Exe: CON   RIC 21 (X, Arcadius)
3) B1, O2, R4, T6, M3 Exe: CONOB*

 
AR Miliarense

 
4) B1, O2, R4, T6, M3 Exe: CONS RIC 46 (X, Arcadius)

 
AE3

 
5) B2, O2, R1, T2, M1 Exe: '/ALE` RIC 84 (X, Arcadius), L 2926 
6) B2, O2, R1, T2, M2 Exe: '/ANT` RIC 83 (X, Arcadius), L 2805
7) B2, O2, R1, T2, M3 Exe: '/CONS`  RIC 77 (X, Arcadius), L 2218
8) B2, O2, R1, T2, M4 Exe: '/SMK`  RIC 81 (X, Arcadius), L 2593
9) B2, O2, R2, T4, M2 Exe: ANT`  RIC 104 (X, Arcadius), L 2218
10) B2, O2, R2, T4, M3 Exe: CONS`  RIC 101 (X, Arcadius), L 2210
11) B2, O2, R2, T4, M4 Exe: SMK` RIC 103 (X, Arcadius), L 2589
12) B2, O2, R2, T4, M5 Exe: SMN` RIC 102 (X, Arcadius), L 2445

 

Eudoxia Busts

Eudoxia Types