ERIC Table of Contents


|Title Page|

|Introduction|

|About| |Roman| |Coins|

|Denominations|

|Coins| of |Other| |Ancient| |Cultures|

|Identifying| |Roman| |Coins|

|How| |To| |Use| |This| |Book|

|Mintmarks|

|Mint| |Map|

|Pricing| And |Grading|

|Bibliography|

|Reference| |Catalogs| |Cited|

|Coin| |Terms| |Used|

|Glossary|

|Rarity Tables|

|Index| of |Rulers|

|Photography| |Credits|

|Additional| |Web| |Resources|

Imperial Catalog:

|AUGUSTUS|
|LIVA|
|AGRIPPA|
|NERO| |CLAUDIUS| |DRUSUS|
|GERMANICUS|
|AGRIPPINA I|
|TIBERIUS|
|DRUSUS|
|ANTONIA|
|CALIGULA|
|CLAUDIUS I|
|BRITANNICUS|
|AGRIPPINA II|
|NERO|
|GALBA|
|CLODIUS| |MACER|
|OTHO|
|VITELLIUS|
|VESPASIAN|
|DOMITILLA|
|TITUS|
|DOMITIAN|
|DOMITIA|
|JULIA| |TITI|
|NERVA|
|TRAJAN|
|PLOTINA|
|MARCIANA|
|MATIDIA|
|HADRIAN|
|SABINA|
|AELIUS|
|ANTONINUS| |PIUS|
|FAUSTINA I|
|MARCUS| |AURELIUS|
|FAUSTINA| |II|
|LUCIUS| |VERUS|
|LUCILLA|
|COMMODUS|
|CRISPINA|
|PERTINAX|
|DIDIUS| |JULIANUS|
|MANLIA| |SCANTILLA|
|DIDIA CLARA|
|PESCENNIUS| |NIGER|
|CLODIUS| |ALBINUS|
|SEPTIMIUS| |SEVERUS|
|JULIA| |DOMNA|
|CARACALLA|
|PLAUTILLA|
|GETA|
|MACRINUS|
|DIADUMENIAN|
|ELAGABALUS|
|JULIA| |MAESA|
|JULIA| |SOAEMIAS|
|JULIA| |PAULA|
|AQUILIA| |SEVERA|
|ANNIA| |FAUSTINA|
|SEVERUS| |ALEXANDER|
|JULIA| |MAMAEA|
|ORBIANA|
|MAXIMINUS I|
|PAULINA|
|MAXIMUS|
|GORDIAN I|
|GORDIAN II|
|BALBINUS|
|PUPIENUS|
|GORDIAN III|
|TRANQUILLINA|
|PHILIP I|
|OTACILIA| |SEVERA|
|PHILIP II|
|PACATIAN|
|JOTAPIAN|
|TRAJAN| |DECIUS|
|HERENNIA| |ETRUSCILLA|
|HERENNIUS| |ETRUSCUS|
|HOSTILIAN|
|TREBONIANUS| |GALLUS|
|VOLUSIAN|
|AEMILIAN|
|CORNELIA| |SUPERA|
|SILBANNACUS|
|URANIUS| |ANTONINUS|
|VALERIAN I|
|MARINIANA|
|VALERIAN II|
|GALLIENUS|
|SALONINA|
|SALONINUS|
|REGALIANUS|
|DRYANTILLA|
|POSTUMUS|
|LAELIANUS|
|MARIUS|
|VICTORINUS|
|DOMITIAN II|
|TETRICUS I|
|TETRICUS II|
|QUIETUS|
|MACRIANUS|
|CLAUDIUS II|
|QUINTILLUS|
|AURELIAN|
|SEVERINA|
|ZENOBIA|
|VABALATHUS|
|TACITUS|
|FLORIAN|
|PROBUS|
|SATURNINUS|
|CARUS|
|CARINUS|
|MAGNIA| |URBICA|
|NIGRIAN|
|NUMERIAN|
|JULIAN I|
|DIOCLETIAN|
|MAXIMIAN|
|CARAUSIUS|
|ALLECTUS|
|DOMITIUS| |DOMITIANUS|
|CONSTANTIUS I|
|THEODORA|
|GALERIUS|
|GALERIA| |VALERIA|
|SEVERUS II|
|MAXENTIUS|
|ROMULUS|
|CONSTANTINE I|
|HELENA|
|FAUSTA|
|ALEXANDER|
|LICINIUS I|
|CONSTANTIA|
|MAXIMINUS II|
|LICINIUS II|
|CRISPUS|
|VALERIUS| |VALENS|
|MARTINIAN|
|CONSTANTINE II|
|DELMATIUS|
|HANNIBALLIANUS|
|CONSTANS|
|CONSTANTIUS II|
|MAGNENTIUS|
|DECENTIUS|
|NEPOTIAN|
|VETRANO|
|CONSTANTIUS| |GALLUS|
|JULIAN II|
|JOVIAN|
|VALENTINIAN I|
|VALENS|
|PROCOPIUS|
|GRATIAN|
|VALENTINIAN II|
|THEODOSIUS I|
|AELIA| |FLACCILLA|
|MAGNUS| |MAXIMINUS|
|FLAVIUS| |VICTOR|
|EUGENIUS|
|HONORIUS|
|CONSTANTINE III|
|CONSTANS II|
|MAXIMINUS|
|PRISCUS| |ATTALUS|
|JOVINUS|
|SABASTIANUS|
|CONSTANTIUS III|
|GALLA PLACIDIA|
|JOHANNES|
|VALENTINIAN III|
|LICINIA| |EUDOXIA|
|HONORIA|
|PETRONIUS| |MAXIMINUS|
|AVITUS|
|MAJORIAN|
|LIBIUS| |SEVERUS|
|ANTHEMIUS|
|EUPHEMIA|
|ANICIUS| |OLYBRIUS|
|GLYCERIUS|
|JULIUS NEPOS|
|ROMULUS| |AUGUSTUS|
|ARCADIUS|
|EUDOXIA|
|PULCHERIA|
|THEODOSIUS II|
|EUDOCIA|
|MARCIAN|
|LEO I|
|VERINA|
|LEO II|
|ZENO|
|ARIADNE|
|BASILISCUS|
|ZENONIS|
|LEONTIUS I|
|ANASTASIUS I|
|ANONYMOUS| |COINAGE|

ERIC The Encyclopedia of Roman Imperial Coins
by Rasiel Suarez


Arcadius

Augustus 383-408

Arcadius was given the title of Augustus when only six years of age. After his father Theodosius died in 395 he and his brother Honorius remained the only emperors, Arcadius being the emperor in the eastern half. It seems he spent his whole life ineffectually trying to rid himself of one regent after another who wielded the true power. Even his wife Eudoxia has more on record for being politically active and influential than he and, as a result, little of what he personally desired came through amid all the background noise. He died in his early 30's of unknown causes.

During the time Arcadius had coins minted in his name the Roman empire's money making machinery began scaling back operations. In the span of twenty years six mints had closed their doors for good and the coins themselves were manufactured ever more shoddily.
 
While coins in silver and gold still deserve some level of care in their crafting, the bronzes, the people's coins so to speak, suffer the most. Sizes shrink rapidly, the strikings are poor and off-center and the very chemical makeup of the bronze has been compromised by the significant addition of lead and tin which made the coin more vulnerable to wear, warping and corrosion.
 
But there are still plenty of Arcadius' coins available. For gold a Solidus will run about $500 for a common type. Silver is mostly represented by the Siliqua which is also fairly common but tough to find in mint condition. A good one will cost between $100-$200. And there are many, many bronzes available from early in his reign which can often be bought for just a dollar or two a piece.
 
A portrait type first introduced by Constantius II is reawakened in a big way by both Arcadius and Honorius. The image of the facing bust holding his spear and shield must have so flattered these and following emperors that it remains in continuous use all the way into the eighth  century. In fact, it is even used on the earliest coins of Theodosius II who was still a baby!
 

Busts:

 
1) Diademed (pearls), draped and cuirassed bust right
2) Diademed (pearls), draped and cuirassed bust right, holding spear and shield; Hand of God above
3) Diademed (rosettes), draped and cuirassed bust right
4) Diademed, cuirassed bust right
5) Helmeted, diademed (pearls), cuirassed bust facing, holding spear and shield
6) Helmeted, diademed (rosettes), cuirassed bust facing, holding spear and shield

 

Obverses:

 
1) DN ARCADI AVG
2) DN ARCADIVS PF AVG
3) DN ARCADIVS PF AVGVSTVS
4) DN ARIVS PF AVG

 

Reverses:

 
1) CONCORDIA AVG
2) CONCORDIA AVGG
3) CONCORDIA AVGGG
4) CONCORDIA AVGGGG
5) GLORIA REIPVBLICE
6) GLORIA ROMANORVM
7) NOVA SPES REIPVBLICAE
8) SALVS REIPVBLICAE
9) SPES REIPVBLICAE
10) TRIVMFATOR GENT BARB
11) VICTORIA AVG
12) VICTORIA AVGG
13) VICTORIA AVGGG
14) VICTORIA AVGVSTORVM
15) VICTORIA ROMANORVM
16) VIRTVS AVGGG
17) VIRTVS EXERCITI
18) VIRTVS EXERCITVM
19) VIRTVS EXERCITVS
20) VIRTVS ROMANORVM
21) VOTA PLVRIA
22) VRBS ROMA
23) VRBS ROMA FELIX
24) No legend

 

Types:

 
1) Arcadius advancing right, dragging captive and holding labarum
2) Arcadius and Honorius seated, facing, together holding shield reading VOT / XV / MVLT / XX; in between them cross above and palm below.
3) Arcadius and Theodosius seated, facing; in between them Victory above and palm below.
4) Arcadius riding horse right, raising hand
5) Arcadius riding oncoming chariot with six horses, raising hand and holding globe
6) Arcadius standing left on galley, stepping on captive, holding phoenix on globe and labarum; Victory seated to right, steering galley.
7) Arcadius standing left, holding spear and resting hand on shield, being crowned by Victory to right, holding palm.
8) Arcadius standing right, stepping on captive, holding labarum and globe
9) Arcadius standing right, stepping on captive, holding labarum and Victory on globe
10) Arcadius standing, facing, holding labarum and globe
11) Arcadius standing, facing, holding labarum and globe; seated captive to left.
12) Arcadius standing, facing, holding labarum and globe; seated captive to right.
13) Arcadius standing, facing, holding labarum and resting hand on shield; seated captive to left.
14) Arcadius standing, facing, holding labarum and Victory on globe; shield to right
15) Arcadius standing, facing, holding Victory on globe and labarum
16) Arcadius standing, facing, raising hand and holding globe.
17) Arcadius, Honorius and Theodosius II standing, facing, each holding spear and the two outer emperors also resting hand on shield
18) City gate with (2) turrets
19) City gate with (2) turrets, Christogram above
20) Constantinopolis seated, facing, stepping on galley prow, holding scepter and globe.
21) Constantinopolis seated, facing, stepping on galley prow, holding scepter and Victory on globe.
22) Constantinopolis seated, facing, stepping on galley prow, holding scepter and shield reading VOT / V / MVL / X
23) Constantinopolis seated, facing, stepping on galley prow, holding scepter and shield reading VOT / V / MVL T/ X
24) Constantinopolis seated, facing, stepping on galley prow, holding scepter and shield reading VOT / X / MVL / XV
25) Cross
26) Roma and Constantinopolis seated, facing, together holding shield reading VOT / X / MVLT / XX.
27) Roma seated left, holding Victory on globe and spear.
28) Roma standing, facing, holding trophy and Victory on globe.
29) Victories (2), facing each other, holding wreath.
30) Victory advancing forward, holding wreath and cross on globe
31) Victory advancing left, holding trophy and dragging captive.
32) Victory advancing left, holding wreath and cross on globe
33) Victory advancing left, holding wreath and palm.
34) Victory advancing right, holding wreath and cross on globe.
35) Victory seated right, holding shield reading VOT / X / MVLT / XV; Genius to lower right also holding shield.
36) Victory seated right, holding shield reading VOT / X / MVLT / XX
37) Victory seated right, holding shield reading VOT / X / MVLT / XX; Genius to lower right also holding shield.
38) Victory seated right, holding shield reading XX / XXX
39) Wreath, VOT / V within.
40) Wreath, VOT / X / MVLT / XX within
41) Wreath, VOT / XX / MVLT / XXX within

 

Mints:

 
1) Alexandria
2) Antioch
3) Aquileia
4) Arelate
5) Constantinopolis
6) Cyzicus
7) Heraclea
8) Lugdunum
9) Mediolanum
10) Nicomedia
11) Ravenna
12) Roma
13) Siscia
14) Sirmium
15) Thessalonica
16) Treveri

 
 
AU Solidus Reference(s)

 
1) B1, O2, R04, T20, M05 Exe: CONOB Officina at end of reverse legend RIC 46f (IX, Constantinopolis)
2) B1, O2, R13, T09, M09 Exe: M/D/COMOB RIC 35b (IX, Mediolanum)
3) B1, O2, R13, T09, M11 Exe: R/V/COMOB  RIC 1286 (X, Honorius)
4) B1, O2, R13, T09, M14 Exe: S/M/COMOB RIC 1 (X, Arcadius)
5) B3, O2, R03, T22, M05 Exe: CONOB Officina at end of reverse legend RIC 70c (IX, Constantinopolis)
6) B5, O2, R02, T21, M05 Exe: CONOB RIC 7 (X, Arcadius)
7) B5, O2, R02, T21, M15 Exe: COMOB RIC 37 (X, Arcadius)
8) B5, O2, R03, T21, M09 Exe: */COMOB RIC 39 (IX, Mediolanum)
9) B5, O2, R07, T38, M05 Exe: CONOB RIC 22 (X, Arcadius)

 
AU Tremissis

 
10) B1, O2, R14, T30, M05 Exe: CONOB  RIC 19 (X, Arcadius)
11) B1, O2, R14, T32, M05 Exe: */COMOB  RIC 34 (X, Arcadius)
12) B1, O2, R14, T34, M09 Exe: M/D/COMOB  RIC 1214 (X, Honorius)

 
AR Siliqua

 
13) B1, O2, R20, T27, M09 Exe: MDPS     RIC 1227 (X, Honorius)
14) B1, O2, R22, T27, M08 Exe: LVGPS  RIC 43c (IX, Lugdunum)
15) B1, O2, R24, T40, M05 Exe: CONS  RIC 87b (IX, Constantinopolis)

 
AE2

 
16) B1, O2, R06, T10, M02 Exe: ANT`  RIC 68c (IX, Antiochia)
17) B1, O2, R06, T10, M07 Exe: */SMH`  RIC 27b (IX, Heraclea)
18) B1, O2, R17, T08, M02 Exe: ANT`
19) B1, O2, R17, T08, M06 Exe: SMK`  RIC 25c (IX, Cyzicus)
20) B1, O3, R17, T08, M05 Exe: ¤/CONS`
21) B1, O3, R17, T08, M05 Exe: ¢/CONS`  
22) B2, O2, R06, T13, M05 Exe: CON`  RIC 53a (IX, Constantinopolis)
23) B2, O2, R06, T13, M05 Exe: CON`*
24) B2, O2, R06, T13, M06 Exe: SMK`  RIC 15 (IX, Cyzicus)
25) B2, O2, R06, T13, M07 Exe: T /SMH`  RIC 22 (IX, Heraclea)

 
AE3

 
26) B1, O2, R06, T01, M13 Exe: `SISC  RIC 38c (IX, Siscia)
27) B1, O2, R06, T01, M15 Exe: TES
28) B1, O2, R06, T17, M02 Exe: AN` * behind bust RIC 151 (X, Arcadius)
29) B1, O2, R06, T17, M06 Exe: SMK` * behind bust
30) B1, O2, R16, T06, M15 Exe: `/TES  RIC 61c (IX, Thessalonica)
31) B1, O2, R17, T07, M05 Exe: CONS`  RIC 60 (X, Arcadius)
32) B1, O2, R17, T07, M06 Exe: SMK`  RIC 66 (X, Arcadius)
33) B1, O2, R17, T07, M10 Exe: SMN`  RIC 62 (X, Arcadius)
34) B1, O2, R17, T08, M05 Exe: ¢/CONS`  RIC 83c (IX, Constantinopolis), L 2173
35) B1, O2, R17, T08, M07 Exe: •SMH`  RIC 24c (IX, Heraclea)
36) B1, O4, R23, T14, M12 Exe: OF/`/SMROM 
37) B5, O2, R02, T21, M02 Exe: ANT`  RIC 97 (X, Arcadius), L 2797
38) B5, O2, R02, T21, M05 Exe: CONS`  RIC 85 (X, Arcadius)
39) B5, O2, R02, T21, M06 Exe: SMK`  RIC 94 (X, Arcadius), L 2586
40) B5, O2, R02, T21, M10 Exe: SMN`  RIC 91 (X, Arcadius), L 2442
41) B6, O2, R02, T21, M02 Exe: ANT`  RIC 98 (X, Arcadius)

 
AE4 Reference(s)

 
42) B1, O2, R01, T25, M05 Exe: CONS RIC 119 (X, Arcadius)
43) B1, O2, R03, T25, M06 Exe: SMK` RIC 132 (X, Arcadius), L 2594
44) B1, O2, R03, T25, M07 Exe: SMH` RIC 123 (X, Arcadius)
45) B1, O2, R05, T18, M15 Exe: `/TES RIC 62c (IX, Thessalonica)
46) B1, O2, R05, T18, M15 Exe: TES RIC 62c (IX, Thessalonica)
47) B1, O2, R08, T31, M02 Exe: ¤/ANT`
48) B1, O2, R08, T31, M02 Exe: ¤/ANT` RIC 67a (IX, Antiochia)
49) B1, O2, R08, T31, M03 Exe: ¤/AQ` RIC 1237 (X, Honorius)
50) B1, O2, R08, T31, M05 Exe: ¤/CONS` RIC 86c (IX, Constantinopolis)
51) B1, O2, R08, T31, M05 Exe: CONS` RIC 86c (IX, Constantinopolis), L 2193
52) B1, O2, R08, T31, M06 Exe: ¤/SMK` RIC 26c (IX, Cyzicus)
53) B1, O2, R08, T31, M07 Exe: SMH` RIC 26c (IX, Heraclea)
54) B1, O2, R13, T33, M13 Exe: `SIS RIC 39d (IX, Siscia)
55) B1, O2, R24, T39, M05 Exe: CON` RIC 62b (IX, Constantinopolis)
56) B1, O2, R24, T39, M07 Exe: •SMH` RIC 18b.4 (IX, Heraclea)
57) B1, O2, R24, T39, M07 Exe: SMH` RIC 18b.1 (IX, Heraclea)
58) B1, O2, R24, T39, M10 Exe: SMN` RIC 37c (IX, Nicomedia)
59) B1, O2, R24, T39, M13 Exe: `SIS• RIC 36 (IX, Siscia)
60) B1, O2, R24, T40, M02 Exe: ANT` RIC 65c (IX, Antioch), L 2735

Arcadius Busts

Arcadius Types