Latin: the Divine.

Nominative: divus = the divine
Genitive: divi = (of) the divine
Dative: divo = (to) the divine
Accusative: divum = the divine
Ablative: divo = (by) the divine


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DIVUS, the mark of consecration.--This word Divus given to any one on a coin, indicates that the same was struck after his or her apotheosis. A question has been raised among the learned, whether there be any distinction between deum and divum. Vaillant for instance (in Col. i. 45), on the authority of Servius, thus distinguishes between dei and divi, viz.-- "Dii dicantur aeterni, Divi autem ex hominibus fiunt." The former are gods from eternity, but the later have been made deities from human beings.  On this point Eckhel, also consulting the old writers, seems to be of opinion, that there is no difference in the meaning of the two names, as used on coins. He observes that the word DIVUS was always turned by the Greeks into QEOS, which certainly is the Deus of the Latins. Thus, where the latter inscribed DIVVS AVGVSTVS--DIVO CARO, etc. the former wrote QEOS SEBASTOS--QEW KARW, etc. See vol. viii. 465-6.

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