ASSYRIA, a large country of Asia, whose boundaries have been different in its flourishing times. At first it was bounded by the Lycus and Caprus; but the name of Assyria, more generally speaking, is applied to all that territory wliich lies between Media, Mesopotamia, Armenia, and Babylon. The Assyrian empire is the most ancient in the world. It was founded by Ninus or Belus, B.C. 2059, according to some authors, and lasted till the reign of Sajdaiiapalus, the 31st sovereign since Ninus, B.C. 820. According to Eusebius, it flourished for 1240 years; according to Justin, 1300 years; and Herodotus says that its duration was not above 500 or 600 years. Among the different monarchs of the Assyrian empire, Semiramis greatly distinguished "herself, and exlended the boundaries of her dominions as far as Ethiopia and Libya. In ancient authors the Assyrians are often called Syrians, and the Syrians, Assyrians. The Assyrians assisted Priam in the Trojan war, and sent him Memnon with an army. The king of Assyria styled himself king of kings, as a demonstration of his power and greatness. The country is now called Kurdistan.
Atusia, on the river Caprus, an affluent of the Tigris, which it joins about 100 miles south of Niniva. Small autonomous bronze coins of the Parthian period.
|Head of Tyche.
[Millingen, Sylloge, 82, Pl. II. 64.]
|ATOUSIEWN T PROS T KAPRON, Palm and arrow.
Demetrias ad Tigrim, near Arbela. Autonomous bronze.
|Head of Tyche.
[Millingen, Sylloge, 84, Pl. IV. 65.]
|DHMHTRIEWN TWN PROS TWI TIGREI, Tripod.