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Early Anonymous Denarii

WORK IN PROCESS

The denarius was introduced in 211 B.C. The early denarii were anonymous with the obverse type: helmeted head of Roma right, X (mark of value = 10 asses) behind; and reverse type: Dioscuri on horseback galloping right, ROMA below. The following early denarii were issued anonymously and without control marks:

ROMA INCUSE ON TABLET
ROMA incuse on a raised tablet (SRCV I 37 says only partially incuse), Rome mint, from 211 - Crawford 44/5 [var. 1]*, SRCV I 37, RSC I 1
Broad thin flans, some letters incuse, some raised ROMA incuse on a raised tablet (distinguished from 44/5 var. 1 only by style?), uncertain mint, after 211 - Crawford 45/1, SRCV I 36, RSC I 1, BMCRR Italy 91, Sydenham 166

  

ROMA INCUSE IN FRAME

*Crawford 44/5 seems to describe two variants under one number. 

ROMA NOT INCUSE
ROMA in a linear frame (NOT incuse, distinguished from 46/1 only by style?), uncertain mint, after 211 - Crawford 46/1, SRCV - 38 corr. (? says Crawford 44/5), RSC I 2
ROMA in a linear frame (NOT incuse, distinguished from 46/1 only by style?), Rome mint, from 211 - Crawford 53/2, SRCV 38 corr. (? says Crawford 44/5), RSC I 2

SEAR
211- 206 B.C.
   SRCV I 36 - ROMA incuse (Crawford 45/1, Sydenham 166, BMCRR Italy 91, RSC I 1)
   SRCV I 37 - Roma partially incuse (Crawford 45/1, Sydenham 167, BMCRR Italy 90, RSC I 1a)
   SRCV I 38 - Roma in relief (Crawford 44/5, Sydenham 140, BMCRR 1, RSC I 2)

SYDENHAM
c. 187 - 155 B.C., S. Italy (Regium?). These are the earliest denarii, distinguished by fine style with clear Greek influence. Helmets are simpler and earrings are derived from Greek didrachms of S. Italy.
   Sydenham 140
c. 182 -172 B.C., S.E. Italy mint (Apulia or Picenum?). Distinguished by broad thin flans, crude shallow relief types.
   Sydenham 166 - ROMA incuse on tablet
   Sydenham 167 - some letters of ROMA incuse, some raised
   Sydenham 168 - ROMA in relief in frame with top, bottom and left side
   Sydenham 169 - ROMA in relief under exergue line 

Early Anonymous Denarii

WORK IN PROCESS

The denarius was introduced in 211 B.C. The early denarii were anonymous with the obverse type: helmeted head of Roma right, X (mark of value = 10 asses) behind; and reverse type: Dioscuri on horseback galloping right, ROMA below. The following early denarii were issued anonymously and without control marks:

ROMA INCUSE ON TABLET
ROMA incuse on a raised tablet (SRCV I 37 says only partially incuse), Rome mint, from 211 - Crawford 44/5 [var. 1]*, SRCV I 37, RSC I 1
Broad thin flans, some letters incuse, some raised ROMA incuse on a raised tablet (distinguished from 44/5 var. 1 only by style?), uncertain mint, after 211 - Crawford 45/1, SRCV I 36, RSC I 1, BMCRR Italy 91, Sydenham 166

  

ROMA INCUSE IN FRAME

*Crawford 44/5 seems to describe two variants under one number. 

ROMA NOT INCUSE
ROMA in a linear frame (NOT incuse, distinguished from 46/1 only by style?), uncertain mint, after 211 - Crawford 46/1, SRCV - 38 corr. (? says Crawford 44/5), RSC I 2
ROMA in a linear frame (NOT incuse, distinguished from 46/1 only by style?), Rome mint, from 211 - Crawford 53/2, SRCV 38 corr. (? says Crawford 44/5), RSC I 2

SEAR
211- 206 B.C.
   SRCV I 36 - ROMA incuse (Crawford 45/1, Sydenham 166, BMCRR Italy 91, RSC I 1)
   SRCV I 37 - Roma partially incuse (Crawford 45/1, Sydenham 167, BMCRR Italy 90, RSC I 1a)
   SRCV I 38 - Roma in relief (Crawford 44/5, Sydenham 140, BMCRR 1, RSC I 2)

SYDENHAM
c. 187 - 155 B.C., S. Italy (Regium?). These are the earliest denarii, distinguished by fine style with clear Greek influence. Helmets are simpler and earrings are derived from Greek didrachms of S. Italy.
   Sydenham 140
c. 182 -172 B.C., S.E. Italy mint (Apulia or Picenum?). Distinguished by broad thin flans, crude shallow relief types.
   Sydenham 166 - ROMA incuse on tablet
   Sydenham 167 - some letters of ROMA incuse, some raised
   Sydenham 168 - ROMA in relief in frame with top, bottom and left side
   Sydenham 169 - ROMA in relief under exergue line